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Itching and discharge in women in the intimate area

Itching itself does not refer to independent diseases, it is a kind of reaction of the organism (nerve endings and mucous membrane) to stimuli.

Even a slight nervousness and discomfort can cause relatively little itchy symptoms. A lot of unpleasant moments and anxiety causes itching and discharge from women in the intimate area.

Itching and discharge in women in the intimate area

Possible causes of itching

Genesis of manifestation is conditionally divided by physicians into 4 factors.

Индивидуального анатомического строения, обусловленного резким снижением выработки эстрогена (женского гормона), провоцирующего истончение верхнего слизистого слоя влагалищной оболочки у женщин после 40 лет. 1) Individual anatomical structure, due to a sharp decrease in the production of estrogen (female hormone), provoking the thinning of the upper mucous layer of the vaginal membrane in women after 40 years.

Нервные перегрузки и стрессовые ситуации. 2) Nervous overload and stressful situations. Patients with conditions of heightened anxiety and an unstable psyche are subject to them. Symptoms of itching appear as a standard defensive response of the central nervous system.

Патологии органов половой системы. 3) Pathology of the reproductive organs. In some diseases, changes occur in the chemical composition of the gonads, causing irritation of the delicate skin in the intimate area.

Endocrine diseases, hepatic abnormalities, and bladder diseases can turn urine into a strong stimulus that causes a lot of unpleasant sensations.

Фактор внешних причин, вызывающих зуд и покраснение в интимной зоне у женщин включает: 4) The factor of external causes causing itching and redness in the intimate area in women includes:

  • infectious diseases transmitted by unprotected proximity;
  • poor hygiene promoting the development of bacterial flora;
  • rare replacement of hygiene products;
  • the use of some daily pads, causing an imbalance of microflora;
  • the effect of antibacterial soap;
  • leaching of natural flora by frequent douching;
  • synthetic underwear, food and drug allergies.

It is the external factors that cause violations of the acidity level in the vagina contribute to the manifestation of itching in the intimate area in women with no discharge and no smell.

Unpleasant pathological processes cause not only diseases of the class of genital infections. They are not rarely manifested due to the high level of glucose in the blood ( diabetes ).

Glucose with an amino acid is an excellent breeding ground for the reproduction of yeast fungi on the surface of the upper vaginal mucosa. Vaginal discharge, with such a development, does not have a specific smell.

Similar symptoms manifest themselves in the exacerbation of psoriasis . Itchy plaques on the vulva and labia accompanied by white discharge . In most cases, white discharge in the intimate area of ​​women is a consequence of erythroplasia (Keyr's disease), a form of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin caused by oncogenic type of PVI (human papillomavirus infection).

In addition, such unpleasant symptoms can be caused by problems in the digestive system, external or internal hemorrhoids , anal fissures and ascariasis .

Content

Itching and discharge as signs of disease

Itching and discharge as signs of disease

The main role in the manifestation of unpleasant symptoms is assigned to infectious diseases transmitted by sexual contact. Each of them has its causative agent and specific specific symptoms.

Chlamydia infection ( chlamydia ) is a venereal disease. Called coccoid extracellular organism - Chlamydia trachomatis. Transmitted by any type of sexual contact. Symptomatology is manifested by a strong burning sensation, an unpleasant smell of purulent or mucous discharge.

Marked by:

  • pain in the lower abdomen;
  • increased pain during menstruation;
  • abundant periods ;
  • sudden bleeding;
  • asthenia (weakness) and temperature rise (in the neglected case).

The disease provokes the development of chronic inflammatory processes in the genital system, increasing the risk of infertility .

Gonococcal infection ( gonorrhea ). Included in the classification of sexually transmitted infections. The causative agent is diplococcus of the Neisseria family. It affects the cylindrical epithelium of the urogenital (urogenital) tract. Symptoms appear:

  • white-yellow discharge and itching;
  • painful urination;
  • drawing pain in the lower abdomen;
  • failure of the menstrual cycle.

The disease has an asymptomatic clinical course, which increases the risk of infertility. Late treatment leads to persistent inflammatory processes in the urogenital system.

Herpes virus infection (genital herpes). Pathogen - two types of herpes viruses (1 and 2). The infection is transmitted through sexual contact, but it relates to conditionally safe pathology. Appears:

  • itchy redness in the intimate area;
  • bubble formations with internal and external localization in the intimate zone;
  • severe burning sensation during urination and sexual intimacy;
  • swollen lymph nodes and fever;
  • general deterioration.

The main danger of infection is brain damage, the risk of developing blindness, and death. When a pregnant woman is ill, an infection can affect the fetus.

Vaginal trichomonas ( trichomoniasis ). The causative agent is the eponymous unicellular parasite. The disease is characterized by a sluggish course with little or no symptoms. May be accompanied by:

  • pruritic symptomatology of the genital organs;
  • frequent urge to urinate, accompanied by strong cuttings;
  • unpleasant smell of abundant yellow , green or gray discharge.

Timely not cured disease provokes the development of persistent inflammatory processes in the urogenital system, turning into a chronic form, and infertility.

Thrush (vaginal candidiasis). Not always transmitted by sexual contact. Usually manifested in the imbalance of the natural flora of man, caused by a significant decrease in immune functions. Causes a fungus infection - Candida albicans. Symptoms appear:

  • pain and burning in the vulva when urinating;
  • copious, smelly, thick, white or yellow secretions that are accompanied by itchy symptoms, swelling of the genitals and burning sensation;
  • soreness during intercourse.

To these diseases, you can safely add various forms of mycoplasmosis.

Treatment and Prevention

Treatment and prevention of itching in the intimate area

The therapeutic process begins with determining the cause of the pathology and identifying the causative agent of the disease by the method of diagnostic examination of smears, blood and urine.

The presence of inflammatory processes in various areas of the vagina requires a course of anti-inflammatory therapy. It includes:

  1. Local remedies - balsams and gels, creams or candles;
  2. Sessile trays of herbal infusions - equal proportions of a mixture of sage, calendula and chamomile.

Phytotherapeutic procedures relieve inflammatory reactions and reduce the manifestation of discomfort.

Anti-mycotic systemic therapy is prescribed when a fungal flora is detected. Antibiotics and Fluconazole preparations or their analogues are prescribed. The dosage is prescribed by the doctor depending on the severity of the clinical symptoms. With candidal carriage, the treatment process takes up to six months.

The presence of diabetes requires dose adjustment of hypoglycemic drugs. Recommended lotions herbal. An effective symptomatic remedy for removing inflammation and itching is a decoction of oak bark. The pronounced effect is due to the tannic and astringent properties of the bark.

Prevention of the development of inflammatory processes with unpleasant symptoms includes: the elimination of all causal provocative factors and the careful implementation of hygienic measures.

The main factor is the timeliness of diagnosis and early treatment of extragenital and gynecological pathologies.

Vaginal itching during pregnancy

In the prenatal period of pregnancy, the protective immune functions of the body are significantly weakened, which contributes to the exacerbation of background diseases. The body is prone to viruses and infections. Severe itching in the intimate area of ​​women, during the period of prenatal childbearing, can be not only the result of external provocative factors. Such symptoms are characteristic:

  • in inflammatory processes in the urination system;
  • with focal inflammations in the uterus and appendages;
  • allergic reaction to food and antibiotics;
  • in the presence of diabetes and genital infections;
  • with iron deficiency in the body;
  • in stressful situations, nervous overstrain and fatigue;
  • due to stretching of the skin.

In the initial period of pregnancy, a complete restructuring of the body occurs with a change in the hormonal background, which may be the main cause of the pathology. It is not uncommon that itching is one of the symptoms of a genital infection or a symptom of toxicosis approaching during the late period of pregnancy.

Itching before menstruation

The reason for the unpleasant symptoms that appear before the "lunar cycle" (menstruation) is due to an imbalance of sex hormones. During this period, progesterone hormones dominate. As a result of its influence on the female reproductive sphere, there is an increase in the amount of secreted secretion.

The addition of itchy symptoms is evidence of a local inflammatory process that develops as a result of the infection. If this process is accompanied by a change in the nature of the discharge, this is the first clinical sign of a number of infectious diseases.

Hormonal alteration of the organism in the second phase of the premenstrual cycle causes particularly severe itching discomfort. With abundant, white, cheesy discharge, with a specific sourish odor - a consequence of fungal genesis.

In the premenstrual period, heavy discharge, accompanied by itching, also appear in women with elevated levels of glucose in the body.

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