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Inflammation of the eyelid: symptoms and treatment

Ophthalmic diseases are dangerous because they can lead to a decrease or loss of vision. But the eyes provide people with 90% of information about the world around them and any violations inevitably reduce the quality of life. Inflammation of the eyelid is a whole group of ophthalmic diseases, the etiology of which has various traits.

Causes of inflammation of the eyelid

The eyelid is inflamed due to infection with pathogenic microorganisms, the vital activity of which causes the formation of purulent ulcers. But there are other causes of pathology, not related to microbes:

  • injuries (bruises, burns, wounds);
  • general decrease in immunity;
  • allergy;
  • hormonal failure ;
  • complication of another disease;
  • eye fatigue due to prolonged exercise (TV, monitor);
  • cry;
  • reaction to cosmetics.

Inflammation of the upper eyelid often occurs in people who live or work in poor hygienic conditions. This factor contributes to the uncontrolled development of microbes, which at every opportunity to attack a person. Important is the social situation: a lack of vitamins and a balanced diet lowers the level of immunity.

Content

Classification and symptoms, photo

Inflammation of the eyelid, photo 1

Inflammation of the eyelid, photo 1

The classification of eye diseases is very extensive. Most of them have similar symptoms and mechanisms of development. The causative agents are usually bacteria - cocci. Such microorganisms are transmitted by contact, ie. Even rubbing your eyes with dirty fingers will be dangerous. Often the pathological process is complicated in the absence of treatment.

For example, first a simple inflammation of the eyelid - barley - arose, but this event was not given importance, which entailed the aggravation of the situation in the form of phlegmon or abscess formation.

But not only bacteria provoke eye diseases. Sometimes, viruses become pathogens. This affects the nature of the course of the disease, because the process of vital activity of these microorganisms is different. If the patient is diagnosed with "inflammation of the upper eyelid," signs may also appear in the lower eyelid: microbes easily spread by the person himself due to careless rubbing with his fingers.

So, the classification of eyelid inflammation and the characteristic symptoms:

1. Barley:

  • inflammation of the edge of the eyelid;
  • redness of the surrounding skin and conjunctiva;
  • purulent abscess.

2. Meybomeit:

  • inflammation of the meibomian glands;
  • the process is localized in the depth of the eyelids;
  • purulent abscess;
  • redness of the conjunctiva;
  • in the corners of the eyes yellow or gray crusts gather.

3. Impetigo:

  • pustules of small size;
  • from the skin of the face extend to the eyelids;
  • in children is more common than in adults.

4. Furuncle:

  • dense formation with pus inside;
  • a strong swelling of the eyelid.

5. Blepharitis:

  • inflammation of the edge of the eyelid;
  • tired eyes;
  • the weight of the century;
  • increased sensitivity to light;
  • redness and denseness of the eyelid;
  • loss of eyelashes;
  • itching and burning.

6. Molluscum contagiosum:

  • causative agent - poxvirus;
  • small skin firmings;
  • absence of pain.

7. Abscess and phlegmon:

  • exacerbation of inflammation;
  • the formation of a large amount of pus;
  • strong pain.

Among the types of inflammation of the eyelids, blepharitis has the greatest number of manifestations. The disease develops as a result of bacterial infection, but the pathways of microorganism penetration are very diverse. This can be a complication of dermatitis or barley, the spread of acne to the skin of the eyelids or a common allergic reaction. In addition, the disease occurs and the fault of lice, which carry microbes.

Physicians identify the main types of blepharitis:

  • scaly (simple form, for which gray scales are characteristic);
  • tick-borne (transmitted with a tick bite, the eyelid swells and itches);
  • allergic (reaction to medicines, food or seasonal pollen of plants);
  • Rosacea (pink nodules with pus on the eyelids );
  • ulcerative (the most painful form, in which pustules are formed along the line of the eyelashes).

Treatment of inflammation of the eyelid

Treatment of inflammation of the eyelid

Official medicine is able to cope with the inflammation of the lower eyelid or upper. Effective recipes are also offered by folk healers. If you approach the treatment in a complex way, the disease will recede quite quickly. Doctors pay attention to the general principles that must be observed in choosing what to treat the inflammation of the eyelid:

  1. Do not rub your eyes with your fingers.
  2. Limit the visual load (no TV and computer monitor).
  3. Strengthen immunity with vitamins and nutrition.

Medicines

How to treat the inflammation of the eyelid? First of all, the therapeutic course depends on the cause of the disease. If you are allergic, you will need antihistamines and eliminate the source of irritation, and in case of trauma you need to focus on eliminating the damage. If another disease provoked the inflammation of the eyelid, treatment should be directed to the primary pathology.

In the infectious nature of the disease, antibiotics are applied topically and internally. In general, the list of effective drugs is as follows:

1. Inside:

  • Ampioks;
  • Oxacillin;
  • Biseptol.

2. Drops for the eyes:

  • penicillin;
  • sulfacyl sodium;
  • prednisolone;
  • hydrocortisone.

3. Eye Ointments:

  • tetracycline;
  • yellow mercury;
  • furacilic;
  • gentamicin.

Furuncles and pustules sometimes open with a surgical instrument, cleaned and disinfected with iodine or zelenok. Relief of the patient usually experiences immediately after the intervention. If the disease is not accompanied by a pronounced pus formation, the oral preparations are not prescribed by the doctors (for example, with scaly blepharitis or impetigo). But local antibiotics are used in any case.

Folk remedies

Folk remedies for the treatment of inflammation of the eyelids

Folk remedies for the treatment of eyelid inflammations, photo 3

In case of inflammation of the eyelid, treatment with folk remedies is recommended in the absence of purulent formations. Physicians focus attention: with bacterial infection should be treated only antibiotics.

However, inflammation can also occur due to prolonged visual load. Especially often this kind of frustration affects children and adolescents who spend a lot of time in front of the monitor screens. What advises folk medicine?

1. Kalanchoe or aloe:

  • squeeze juice from a leaf of a plant;
  • drip 1-2 drops three times a day.

2. Calendula or chamomile:

  • 2 tsp. dried and chopped herbs pour 1 tbsp. boiling water;
  • insist 40 minutes;
  • carefully filter;
  • with the aid of a pipette, one or two drops are instilled in the eyes;
  • repeat 3 times a day.

3. Propolis (effective in blepharitis):

  • 5 g of propolis is ground;
  • mixed with 100 g of Vaseline;
  • put in a dark bottle;
  • apply a thin layer of ointment on inflamed eyelids;
  • after 6 hours repeat the procedure;
  • take a break for 10 hours and again apply ointment.

4. Clover (cornflower and parsley are prepared the same way):

  • 1 tbsp. dried and chopped herbs pour 1 tbsp. boiling water;
  • insist 20 minutes and filter (cornflower and parsley insist 40 minutes);
  • wet gauze and apply for 10 minutes to the eyelids;
  • repeat three times a day.

Prevention of ocular inflammation

Inflammation of the mucous age after contact with the source of infection is not always preventable. If germs get into the eyes, then the probability of the disease is high. But the human body is daily repulsed from such attacks due to the well-coordinated work of protective cells.

It is the immune system that acts as the main barrier to pathogenic bacteria. But this is only one side of the coin. If you approach the security problem in a comprehensive manner, then you should perform such preventive measures:

  1. Eat foods high in vitamins or buy a special complex in the pharmacy.
  2. Every morning, wash your eyes with cold water.
  3. Do not get your hands dirty with your eyes.
  4. Limit the pastime in front of the monitor and TV screens.
  5. At least once a year to visit an ophthalmologist.

Any pathological processes in the eyes can negatively affect the vision. Especially dangerous is the purulent inflammation of the eyelids, which develops as a result of bacterial infection. There are a lot of means that can get rid of infection and prevent unwanted complications.

Observance of preventive measures in most cases will not allow microbes to even parasitize. Especially it concerns hygienic procedures and strengthening of immunity.

Interesting
domznaniy.ru
2016-11-09 08:45:35
The manifestation of an allergic form of inflammation is considered persistent itching on the background of puffiness edema of the eyelids, the appearance of the mucous separable in the compartment with lacrimation, the development of photophobia and the appearance of rubbing in the eyes. It is noteworthy that in many cases all these symptoms appear suddenly and show a clear connection with this or that factor of exogenous nature. For this type of disease is characterized by an "allergic bruise" - a kind of darkening of the skin of the eyelids.
Volobuyeva Anna
2017-06-27 04:42:55
Thanks for the article, I will keep it in mind.

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