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Inflammation of the bladder in women: symptoms, treatment, pills

Inflammation of the bladder is a common disease, but due to certain features of the body, women face it much more often than men. Late diagnosis and improper treatment can lead to unpleasant consequences, so you need to know what causes and the first symptoms of bladder inflammation in women.

About the causes and progression of the disease

The most common cause of the disease are pathogenic microorganisms - bacteria, protozoa or microscopic fungi. Much less often, we have to deal with non-infectious inflammation, which is caused by allergies, exposure to bladder mucosa chemicals or radioactive radiation.

Inflammation of the bladder in women

There are a number of predisposing factors that can provoke an inflammatory process:

  • non-compliance with the rules of hygiene;
  • menopause;
  • hypodynamia;
  • epithelial injuries;
  • urodynamic disturbances;
  • other diseases of the bladder or the nearest organs (presence of neoplasm or calculus in the bladder, chronic endometritis or vaginitis );
  • the presence of other foci of infection;
  • hormonal disorders;
  • reduction of body defenses.

In girls and women, neglect of personal hygiene becomes the cause of the disease more often than in boys and men. The female urethra is much shorter and wider, so that the infectious agents from the perineum easily penetrate the bladder in an ascending way.

With the onset of menopause, women undergo anatomical and topographic changes in the urogenital system. The elasticity of the ligaments, which fix the urogenital organs, decreases, their omission is observed. Hormonal rearrangement causes atrophic processes in the epithelium of the bladder, which makes it especially vulnerable to pathogens of cystitis.

Low physical activity and a "sedentary" lifestyle lead to stagnation of blood in the pelvic vessels. The deterioration of the blood supply to the urogenital organs is one of the causes of their dysfunction and the development of inflammatory processes.

Injuries to the bladder mucosa can occur as a result of a fall, some medical procedures or the presence of a stone. Damage is the entrance gate for infection.

Violation of urodynamics is often due to cicatricial strictures (contractions) of the urethra, which were formed against the background of urethritis , neurological disorders or neoplasms.

Incomplete emptying and the constant presence of urine residue in the bladder leads to the active reproduction of bacteria.

Very often, the inflammation of the bladder neck in women develops against the background of infectious gynecological diseases - vulvitis, vaginitis, cervicitis . Thus, the causative agent of these diseases is often the same. Gonococci, trichomonads, chlamydia or fungi of the genus Candida can cause inflammation. However, the most common cause of inflammation becomes E. coli.

Infection can enter the bladder not only in an ascending way, but also with a blood stream or lymphatic fluid.

In this regard, the presence of even distant foci of infection (for example, in the pharyngeal tonsils) increases the risk of developing the disease. Often women with chronic pyelonephritis experience this disease. The infection in this case spreads in a downward way - from the kidneys to the bladder.

Hormonal pathology, in particular diabetes mellitus, leads to an increase in the level of glucose in the urine, which is a good nutrient medium for pathogenic microorganisms.

Unbalanced nutrition, hypothermia, constant stress and failure to comply with the daily regimen entail a decrease in local and general immunity. In such conditions, inflammation may occur even in the absence of other predisposing factors.

Symptoms of bladder inflammation in women

Symptoms of bladder inflammation in women

Signs of acute inflammation of the bladder are typical, therefore, the diagnosis of the disease usually does not cause difficulties. But it must be remembered that, along with urological problems, women often have gynecological diseases. The symptoms of bladder inflammation are as follows:

  • increased urge (up to several times per hour, more than 4 - 7 times per day);
  • painful urination (pain at the beginning and at the end, which can give into the rectum);
  • the release of a small amount of urine during each trip to the toilet;
  • feeling of incomplete emptying;
  • turbidity of urine, admixture of blood or pus;
  • the appearance of a pronounced smell of ammonia;
  • the appearance of mucous or mucopurulent discharge from the urethra;
  • constant aching pain in the lower abdomen, aggravated by urination;
  • increase in body temperature to 37.5 degrees;
  • general malaise (weakness, headache, loss of appetite).

In chronic inflammation, the symptoms are much less pronounced. Most often chronic pelvic pain occurs - discomfort in the pelvic region or lower abdomen, which is combined with increased irritability, sleep disturbance and decreased performance.

To confirm or deny the presence of cystitis, the doctor performs a diagnosis:

  • general blood and urine tests;
  • urine test according to nechyporenko;
  • triple glass samples;
  • bacteriological examination of urine (culture on nutrient medium);
  • PCR diagnostics ;
  • gynecological examination and analysis of vaginal smear;
  • Ultrasound of the pelvic organs;
  • cystoscopy.

Based on the results obtained, a course of therapy is prescribed.

Treatment of inflammation of the bladder: drugs and drugs

Bladder inflammation treatment In the treatment of acute inflammation of the bladder in women, it is recommended to adhere to bed rest, drink plenty of liquids, refrain from the use of alcohol, salt and spices.

It is recommended to drink diuretic teas - decoctions of lingonberry, bearberry, goldenrod. To reduce the pain help warm bathrooms or the use of heating pads. If the pain syndrome is severe, the doctor may prescribe drugs that relieve spasm.

The main role is assigned to treatment with antibiotics, helping to destroy infectious agents. Most often, quinolones and fluoroquinolones are used in the treatment of inflammation of the bladder.

However, to appoint such tablets for the treatment of cystitis in women can only specialist after diagnostic tests. The choice of drugs is carried out depending on the nature of the pathogen and its sensitivity to various drugs.

In the absence of proper treatment, the spread of pathogens up the ureters, penetration into the kidneys with the development of pyelitis and pyelonephritis can occur. In addition, it is possible for the infection to enter the reproductive system, which leads to vulvitis, vaginitis, colpitis and endometritis .

Prevention of cystitis is to eliminate risk factors. It is necessary to observe personal hygiene, avoid hypodynamia, hypothermia, stress and errors in the diet. Treatment of the disease should begin immediately, because otherwise there is a high risk of chronicity of the pathological process.

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