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Inflammation of lymph nodes under the arm: causes and treatment

The lymphatic system plays a huge role in human health. Its main function is to stop the spread of infection by absorbing (resorbing) the protein components and then returning them to the bloodstream system. It represents a kind of transport highway, which removes waste substances and ensures the purity of the intercellular space.

Lymph nodes protect the body from infections and are the main source of cells whose main function is the production of certain antibodies. The purity of the process determines the immune response of cells, the low potential of which contributes to the penetration of infection into the bloodstream and the development of lymphadenitis in various parts of the human body, including inflammation of the lymph nodes under the arm.

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Causes of inflammation of the lymph nodes mod mouse

Inflammation of the lymph nodes under the arm

The lymph nodes under the armpits filter the lymph coming from the hand, shoulder, shoulder-shoulder area and mammary glands. In a healthy state, they are no more than 1 cm. And are not palpable during palpation. Any change in their structure and condition - cohesion between the skin and themselves, impaired mobility and painful symptoms always indicate the development of any pathologies.

The cause of inflammation of the lymph nodes under the arm is caused by many factors. These are primarily acute processes of bacterial infections in the area of ​​lymphatic drainage passing through lymphoid nodes in the underarm hollow. The source of infection are various strains of coccal microorganisms.

Often the inflammatory reaction of the lymph nodes in the armpits is manifested:

  1. In the form of a response of the immune status to the reaction of inflammation of the tissues of the mammary glands, with mastopathy or tumor localizations;
  2. Due to the specific inflammatory processes caused by mycobacteria in chronic granulomatosis or tuberculosis ;
  3. Due to adenovirus infection, accompanied by catarrhal phenomena. Repeated viral synthesis (replication) in the tissues provokes enhanced lymphatic drainage and reactive enlargement of the lymph nodes;
  4. Not uncommon, when the manifestation of inflammatory reactions under the arm of a child is diagnosed, as a consequence of cat scratches.

Often, people located in atypia of the armpit, pathological changes and inflammatory processes in the lymph nodes of the armpits cause skin pathologies - recurrent inflammation of the dermis and epidermis ( atopic dermatitis , dermatosis, eczema ).

This is due to the long-running allergic process, leading to an excessive accumulation of toxins and substances of protein breakdown in the foci of inflammatory processes. Causes an increased load on the lymphatic vessels in their removal, as a result - an increase in nodes.

Signs and symptoms of inflammation

Signs and symptoms of inflammation of the lymph nodes

The inflammatory process of axillary lymph nodes is isolated, has a catarrhal and purulent stage of the course, manifesting itself as an acute or chronic form.

Acute Catarrh

This process occurs quite often, but proceeds in a mild form. There is pain, enlargement and hardening of the nodes. They do not lose mobility during palpation. Redness and swelling of adjacent tissues is possible. The patient's condition worsens, there is a slight subfebrile and discomfort when moving the arm.

The mild course of the disease can pass without any signs at all, the body can easily cope with the pathology itself, but there is a high risk of axillary inflammation of the nodes becoming chronic.

Purulent inflammation of lymph nodes

Purulent inflammation is the most dangerous. A pustular abscess or even several matures in the structural tissue of the node. The knot itself is painful and immobile. Adjacent tissues are hyperemic, subject to alteration and melting. Soldering of knots with skin is possible.

In this condition, the nodes are not able to provide protective filtering - they themselves create the risk of the spread of infection, as they become a source of infection. Severe condition is manifested by fever, fever and signs of intoxication.

After a time, under the action of melting the purulent capsule, fistulous passages are formed, through which rotted tissues and purulent mass are released. But an independent breakthrough of pus does not mean that it will flow out completely.

If you do not immediately begin treatment of inflammation of the lymph node in the armpit, the process of suppuration may continue, and the next time it opens inside and provokes sepsis. Necrosis of the site itself occurs rarely - with the possible infection with bubonic plague.

Chronic inflammation

Often, various chronic sluggish infectious pathologies in the body contribute to the manifestation of chronic inflammatory reactions in the lymph nodes of the axillary zone. Such a symptom is sometimes a peculiar marker of tuberculosis or syphilis. The symptomatology is a little expressed, nodes are mobile, though the pain is increased is insignificant.

Although, an increase in lymph nodes may be a physiological feature in some patients, but nodes that never return to normal are a sure sign of a chronic inflammatory process. Only a thorough examination can assess the condition.

Diagnostic examination

In all controversial and doubtful cases, by definition, the causes of inflammation of the lymph node under the arm, biopsy and puncture of the lymph nodes are performed. Assigned to a comprehensive blood test (clinical, biochemical, serological and immunological study).

As complementary techniques, ultrasound and x-ray examination are used. An exclusive or confirmatory differential diagnosis for breast cancer, lymphoma, lymphatic leukemia, and cancer of the lymph nodes is carried out.

Diagnostic examination are conducted by the therapist and surgeon. According to indications, an advisory consultation with a hematologist or an oncohematologist may be recommended, which will help to determine exactly what this inflammation of the lymph nodes under the arm is. When confirming the tumor process, the treatment will go on a completely different "channel."

Tactics of treatment of inflamed lymph nodes

Treatment of lymph node inflammation with a mouse

Treatment of inflammation of lymph nodes with a mouse begins with the elimination of the cause that provoked the pathology.

Adenoviral infection is stopped by antiviral agents, skin pathologies - by antihistamines and hormonal drugs. Antifungic substances - fungal diseases. Surgical treatment to be subject to purulent formations in areas of the wrist and shoulder-blade localization.

They are divided into purulent furunculosis and phlegmonous formations. Under any conditions, the outflow from purulent foci goes through the lymph nodes localized by the armpits. Inflammatory reactions in the nodes can also pass on their own if the main infectious focus is eliminated in time.

  • To relieve inflammation of the lymph nodes under the arm, antibiotic therapy is prescribed - drugs of the penicillin group and drugs of the beta-lactam antibiotics subgroup. Such treatment is justified when it is impossible to find out the cause of the infection by sowing lymph.
  • To eliminate the fever and anesthesia, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed - Ibuklin, Nurofen or Paracetamol.

treatment of purulent inflammation of the lymph nodes under the arms Elimination of the action of allergens and reduction of swelling is achieved by the action of antihistamines. As for the purulent focal formations, there is no way to do without opening and draining the focus.

Until the pus is completely removed, the wound is treated with antiseptics — Miramistina, Furacilin, or any other disinfectant chosen by the physician, followed by applying a sterile dressing with Levomekol ointment or its analogues. Wound healing is accompanied by scar formation. To reduce their growths apply gel "Kontraktubeks" or carry out cauterization of excessive granulations.

. It is important for patients to know that independent heating during inflammatory reactions in the nodes of the lymph system, until the true cause is revealed, is unacceptable . Under the guise of lymphadenitis, tumor pathology can be hidden and warming will only accelerate the development of the disease.

Which doctor should I contact?

The reasons for the development of inflammation of the lymph nodes under the arm are many. Each of them is treated by a certain specialist - a phthisiologist, an infectious disease specialist, an oncologist, an immunologist, and so on.

Of course, you can visit them all alternately, but in order to save time, you should contact your local GP, who will identify the exact cause and refer you to a specific doctor for treatment.

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