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Explanation of analyzes

Vasomotor rhinitis: symptoms and treatment in adults

Inflammation of the nasal mucosa due to a viral infection is indicated for rhinitis, but if other factors are the reasons for the persistent stuffy nose and runny nose, the patient is diagnosed with vasomotor rhinitis.

Content

What is vasomotor rhinitis?

Vasomotor rhinitis is a violation of full nasal breathing, which develops as a result of changes in the tone of the blood vessels located in the nasal mucosa. As a result of pathology, the mucous membranes produce a greater amount of protective mucus, because of this the patient suffers from a chronic runny nose.

What is vasomotor rhinitis

Vasomotor rhinitis occurs most often for the following reasons:

  • Violation of the hormonal background (for example, with prolonged intake of oral hormonal contraceptives, during childbearing, diseases of the pituitary and thyroid gland);
  • Deformation of the nasal septum, resulting from the resulting injury to the nose;
  • Chronic stress;
  • Predisposition of the organism to allergic reactions;
  • Uncontrolled use of vasoconstrictive nasal drops.

Risk factors, under the influence of which chronic vasomotor rhinitis can develop, are:

  • Permanent stay in a stuffy, poorly ventilated room (for example, when working in the office);
  • Mold fungi in the room;
  • Smoking (including passive smoking) or drinking alcoholic beverages;
  • Dry air in the room;
  • Neurocirculatory dysfunction;
  • Frequent viral infections, against which rhinitis develops;
  • Intolerance to odors (for example, perfumes, tobacco, chlorine and others).

Classification of the disease

Depending on the clinical signs and causes of the disease, vasomotor rhinitis is divided into the following types:

  • Allergic;
  • Neurovegetative.

Vasomotor allergic rhinitis is caused by exposure to the human body of allergens, for example, wool of domestic animals, mold, pollen of plants, dust, inhalation of vapors of synthetic detergents.

Neurovegetative vasomotor rhinitis most often affects people with increased nervous excitability. Under the influence of stress or fatigue in these patients, nasal breathing, nasal rhinorrhea and congestion can suddenly worsen, but rhinitis in this case is not associated with a viral infection.

Symptoms of vasomotor rhinitis

Symptoms of vasomotor rhinitis

The main clinical symptoms of vasomotor rhinitis in adults are a runny nose, difficulty breathing, nasal voice, deterioration of smell.

As the pathology progresses, an insufficient amount of oxygen enters the lungs, as a result of which accompanying clinical symptoms join:

  1. Headache;
  2. Fast fatiguability;
  3. Sleep disturbance, insomnia;
  4. Impairment of appetite;
  5. Frequent viral infections against the background of a decrease in the body's defenses;
  6. Deteriorating perception of new information.

The main difference between vasomotor rhinitis and viral infection is nasal congestion in only one of the nostrils, which occurs more often after a night's sleep, and after the change of body position this phenomenon disappears by itself without the use of nasal drops.

In some cases, the patient has whitish mucous discharge from the nose, as well as a sensation of a lump in the pharynx.

Diagnosis of vasomotor rhinitis

Neurovegetative rhinitis in its symptoms is similar to an allergic rhinitis, but the course of therapy is completely different. In order for the treatment of vasomotor rhinitis in adults to be adequate, first of all you should consult a doctor and undergo a checkup.

To identify the cause of persistent runny nose and stuffiness, the patient is prescribed:

  • Carrying out allergoprob (allows not only to confirm or exclude an allergic reaction, but also to determine what exactly the patient has allergy);
  • Blood tests for immunoglobulins and the number of eosinophils;
  • X-ray examination of the sinuses of the nose (allows you to determine if there are polyps or curvature of the septum in the nose).

Treatment of vasomotor rhinitis in adults

Treatment of vasomotor rhinitis in adults

Preparations for the treatment of vasomotor rhinitis should be selected only by a doctor, based on the results of previous diagnostic procedures.

Self-medication with vasoconstrictive drops is unacceptable, as it can lead to aggravation of the condition and dystrophic changes in the nasal mucosa.

Treatment of vasomotor rhinitis at home consists in observing the ratio of humidity and air temperature in the room, normalization of the psychological situation in the family, exclusion of contact with allergens (in rhinitis of allergic origin).

The following patient actions will help to reduce clinical signs of neurovegetative rhinitis:

  1. Moderate physical exertion, such as running, swimming, aqua aerobics - this will help improve the functioning of the autonomic nervous system, so that it will have a favorable effect on the condition of the blood vessels of the new cavity;
  2. Treatment of chronic infections and diseases in the body;
  3. Refusal from bad habits, including from passive smoking;
  4. Tempering the body and applying a contrast shower - alternating jets of cold and hot water has a strengthening effect on the vessels.

Medicamentally, neurovegetative rhinitis is treated with injections of hormones and blockade with haemostatics, which remove the swelling of tissues and improve the tone of blood vessels.

Good results are observed in the treatment of vasomotor rhinitis with a laser. After the procedure, blood microcirculation improves, mucus production decreases and the state of the vessels is normalized.

When a patient is diagnosed with pathological changes in the nasal cavity that interfere with the normal functioning of the blood vessels, surgical intervention is indicated.

Complications

Dangerous complications of neurovegetative cold are:

  • Dyspnea;
  • Hypoxia of the body tissues as a result of insufficient intake of oxygen into the blood;
  • Inflammatory lung disease;
  • Asthma ;
  • Chronical bronchitis;
  • Polyps in the nose ;
  • Degenerative changes in the tissues of the nasal cavity.

Vasomotor rhinitis significantly worsens the patient's quality of life, so if a person does not have a runny nose for a long time and does not have a viral infection, the patient should be referred to an otolaryngologist.

Interesting

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