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Urethritis in women: symptoms and treatment, drugs

What it is? Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra that can be triggered by the multiplication of pathogenic bacteria. The disease occurs in both women and men, can occur in both acute and chronic form.

If the treatment of the inflammatory process is not initiated in time, it will affect the overlying urogenital system. Therefore, it is important not to self-medicate and not to ignore the symptoms of urethritis, but to consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Before proceeding with treatment, the doctor must find out what caused the appearance of the disease. Sometimes the physiological features of the patient or her lifestyle lead to inflammation. If you do not eliminate the primary cause of urethritis in a woman, then it will appear regularly.

Urethritis in women

Factors contributing to the development of the disease are:

  • Microtrauma obtained by the passage of kidney stones through the urethra.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
  • Non-compliance with the rules of hygiene of the genitals. As a result, a large number of bacteria causing inflammation accumulates in the urethra.
  • Mechanical damage to the urethra as a result of medical manipulations.
  • Excessive use of salty, sour or pickled foods.
  • Dehydration of the body.
  • Inflammatory processes in the vagina or on the labia.
  • General decrease in immunity caused by severe disease.
  • Hypothermia of the pelvic organs.
  • Anatomical narrowing of the lumen of the urethra.

Content

Symptoms of urethritis in women

Symptoms of urethritis in women

Symptoms of urethritis in women are felt at an early stage of the disease. As a rule, they are pronounced and cause severe discomfort. Among the manifestations of signs of the disease can be noted the following:

  1. Rezi at the beginning of urination, or throughout the entire period of urination. It is important not to confuse cystitis and urethritis, which in women often appear almost simultaneously. However, with cystitis, pain only appears at the end of urination.
  2. Aching pain in the abdomen.
  3. Purulent discharge from the urethra.
  4. Blood discharge from the urethra.
  5. Puffiness and redness of the mucous membranes of the urethra.
  6. Persistent itching in the vagina or in the region of the labia.

Inflammation of the urethra has a fairly pronounced symptoms, so when diagnosing a doctor makes a general picture of the disease, based on the results of the patient's survey.

However, the diagnosis of urethritis also includes bacteriological examination of secretions from the urethra for seeding. This procedure will help not only to identify the causative agent of infection, but also determine its susceptibility to a particular type of antibiotic.

In addition to bacteriological seeding, a woman must pass a urine test. If there is no discharge from the urethra, and urine analysis does not help to accurately diagnose the disease, then the doctor prescribes an analysis using PCR .

Types of Urethritis

Diagnosis helps to determine not only the causative agent of infection, but also the form in which the disease proceeds: acute or chronic.

Acute urethritis is characterized by the rapid development of the disease. Symptoms are pronounced and rapidly increase over 12 to 20 hours.

Chronic urethritis in women has three stages of development. At the first stage, the disease is exacerbated only periodically, but most of the time proceeds covertly. In the second stage, the number of exacerbations increases, and getting rid of pain and discomfort is becoming increasingly difficult.

At the third stage, the inflammatory processes in the urethra become permanent, without remission.

Treatment of inflammation of the urethra

Treatment of acute urethritis

Treatment of urethritis involves the use of both medication and physiotherapy. When prescribing drugs and procedures, the doctor will be repelled by what form of the disease is detected in the patient.

Acute urethritis is much faster and easier to cure than chronic, which is often found in the advanced stage. The chronic form of the disease can not occur by itself.

As a rule, it is a consequence of the untreated acute form of inflammation of the urethra, when the patient was able to overcome only the symptoms of urethritis, but not the cause.

Treatment of acute urethritis

  1. Antibiotics: Monural, Amoxiclav, Ciprofloxacin, Azithromycin.
  2. Anti-inflammatory drugs: Ibuklin, Indometacin (candles for urethritis).
  3. Physical procedures: mud and paraffin baths, washing the urethra with uroseptic solutions, electrophoresis, sitting baths with medicinal herbs (chamomile, sage, yarrow, oak bark).

All these measures are taken in combination so that the treatment is as effective as possible.

Treatment of chronic urethritis

Physiotherapy is carried out the same as in the acute course of the disease. But, antibiotics for chronic urethritis in women will be prescribed stronger ones, for example, Levomycetin or Gentamicin.

They are necessary because weak antibiotics can only eliminate the symptoms of the disease in the chronic form of the disease.

  • In advanced cases, when the inflammation of the urethra is practically not included in the remission stage, the doctor may prescribe an urethral exacerbation, which involves burning the mucous membrane affected by the inflammatory process.

Complications of inflammation of the urethra

Launched cases of the disease not only cause unpleasant and painful sensations, but can also lead to more serious diseases that will affect the kidneys, and in some cases, the fallopian tubes (if the infection gets into the vagina and cervix).

Complications of urethritis can result in a long and costly treatment. If the infection affects the appendages, there will be a threat of adhesions in the fallopian tubes, which is then very difficult to get rid of.

  • Therefore, when the first symptoms appear, it is better not to postpone the visit to the doctor.

Disease prevention

In order to avoid inflammations of the urinogenital system, it is necessary to refrain from promiscuous sexual intercourse, to avoid hypothermia, and also to perform hygienic procedures of the crotch area in a timely manner.

Do not forget that the prevention of urethritis includes routine visits to the gynecologist and vaginal smear sampling for the study of microflora.

Usually, urethritis has such symptoms that will not allow inaction, because it will be unbearable to live with pain. However, it is important not to start self-treatment and take antibiotics, completely unaware of which pathogen provoked the appearance of the disease.

This can only aggravate the situation and contribute to the transformation of the acute form of urethritis into a chronic one, which is much more difficult to cope with.

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