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Ureaplasma urealytikum

The insidiousness of some diseases of the urogenital system is their asymptomatic course, that is, the patient learns about the pathology by chance during any examination. One of these pathologies is ureaplasma urealytikum - what is it if it is found in the analyzes?

Ureaplasma urealytikum is a bacterium, a type of mycoplasma that causes severe inflammatory processes in the organs of the urogenital system. With the progression of the disease ureaplasmas can penetrate into the articular bags, affecting the tissues of the joint and provoking the development of the inflammatory process in them.

According to medical statistics, up to 40% of people are carriers of this pathogen, but they are not even aware of it until they pass by chance on tests.

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Ureaplasma urealytikum in women

Ureaplasma urealytikum

The disease can be detected in women and in men, however, the most common pathology is found in women. Transmitted ureaplasma urelitikum through sexual contact with an infected partner.

During pregnancy, the pathogen can be transmitted from an infected mother to the fetus, causing severe disruption of its prenatal development, premature birth, and antenatal death of the child.

Most often, the disease proceeds without severe symptoms or women simply do not attach importance to the following signs:

  1. Burning after bladder emptying;
  2. Strengthening of vaginal discharge on different days of the cycle, menstrual disorders;
  3. Pulling pain in the lower abdomen radiating to the perineum;
  4. Cystitis and other concomitant urinary tract infections.

In women, ureaplasma is most often urealyticum and is detected during pregnancy, when the expectant mother is prescribed a number of mandatory studies.

The danger of the disease lies not only in the risks to the fetus, but also in the fact that while waiting for the baby, almost all drugs are prohibited for the woman. Medicines designed to destroy the causative agent of this infection are highly toxic to the fetus, so the pregnancy has to either end or hope for a miracle.

In order to avoid such a situation, gynecologists strongly recommend that women plan their pregnancy in advance, passing all tests.

During the examination, the doctor takes a smear from the vagina, cervix and urethra and performs sowing on ureplazmu uraliticum. If the causative agent is identified, the patient will be prescribed an appropriate treatment, after which she will be able to plan the pregnancy. Examination and therapy must pass both partners, as the man can also be a carrier of ureaplasma.

Causes, ways of infection

The main reason for the development of ureaplasmosis is sexual contact with an infected partner. The pathogen can for a long time dwell on the mucous membranes of the urogenital tract, not manifesting itself clinically and without causing any associated diseases.

The reason for the activation of ureaplasma urealitikum in a patient carrier are:

  • Pregnancy in women;
  • Promiscuous sex;
  • Postponed surgery;
  • Weak immunity and frequent viral infections;
  • Exacerbation of chronic diseases.

Ureaplasma urealiticum can be transmitted in utero from a sick mother to a fetus (more often to a female child), affecting its mucous membranes and respiratory tract.

Treatment of ureaplasma

Treatment of ureaplasma

This bacterium is a conditionally pathogenic microorganism that is activated and causes inflammatory processes in the organs of the urogenital system in cases where there are concomitant diseases of the genital tract. If ureaplasma urealytikum is found in the analyzes, and besides it there are no other associated diseases, then the patient is most often prescribed:

  • Immunomodulators;
  • Lidazu;
  • Physiotherapy procedures.

With symptoms of inflammation and lesions of the mucous membranes of the urogenital tract, as well as the identification of concomitant sexually transmitted infections, the patient is prescribed broad-spectrum antibiotics, mainly from the group of macrolides.

An antibiotic for ureaplasma ureliticum is selected only after determining the resistance of the pathogen to the drug, since the bacterium has developed immunity for some drugs.

During therapy, the patient should avoid sexual intercourse and not drink alcohol and spicy foods (they increase blood flow to the pelvis and can cause an exacerbation of the disease).

When other urinary tract infections are diagnosed on the background of ureaplasmosis, at the end of therapy, the patient is prescribed a control examination and pelvic ultrasound, as many causative agents of sexually transmitted infections can cause adhesions in the fallopian tubes, the involvement of uterine appendages and the development of infertility in the pathological process.

In the absence of timely treatment of ureaplasma, ureliticum leads to damage to the reproductive organs, which can cause infertility, habitual miscarriage in women, chronic inflammation of the uterus and appendages, and prostatitis in men.

For the timely diagnosis of diseases (including STDs), women of reproductive age should undergo a preventive check-up at the gynecologist 2 times a year.

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