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Explanation of analyzes

Compaction in the mammary gland: causes, diagnosis and treatment

Seals in the mammary gland in women of reproductive age - a common phenomenon and the cause may be pathological conditions, some of which pose a threat to life.

The causes of seals in the chest

Common causes of the appearance of seals in the chest are the following conditions:

  • Blockage of the ducts of the breast as a result of hyperproduction of milk during lactation;
  • Inflammation of the lobules of the gland and its ducts;
  • Neoplasms in the gland tissue of various origin (benign or malignant);
  • Imbalance of hormones in the body (most characteristic when a seal is found in the mammary gland of a girl during puberty);
  • Wearing an improperly selected bra (narrow, tight, with pressing pits), resulting in disturbed blood flow in the tissues of the breast;
  • Postponed abortions;
  • Forced suppression of the lactation process, for example, when it is impossible to feed the baby with its milk or the birth of a dead fetus - with inaction a painful compaction develops in the mammary gland;
  • Diseases of the reproductive organs;
  • Premature onset of menopause .

Some women have "bumps" in the breast before menstruation, due to the restructuring of the hormonal background and is not pathology.

Content

Breast Seals in Breastfeeding

Breast Seals in Breastfeeding

With the onset of pregnancy in the body of a future mother in increased quantities, the hormone progesterone begins to be produced, which is necessary for the full growth of the fetus and relaxation of the smooth muscles of the uterus. As a result of the hyperproduction of the hormone in the mammary glands of the pregnant woman, painless knots can arise.

Sometimes seals in the early period are accompanied by an increased sensitivity of the nipples and some engorgement of the breast - it is for this reason that most women guess about the pregnancy that has come.

The consolidation in the mammary gland during breastfeeding is associated with an increase in the production of the hormone prolactin, responsible for the formation of milk.

A few days after the birth, the glands under the influence of prolactin begin to produce milk, and since the child sleeps for most of the day and is not able to suck it in the amount produced, the breast of the nursing woman becomes firm, hot, painful on palpation.

The tightness in the chest and the temperature of up to 40 degrees in the breastfeeding woman are the first signs of lactostasis - a condition caused by the stagnation of milk in the ducts. In the presence of cracks on the nipples, the pathological site penetrates pathogenic microorganisms, which can cause the development of a serious inflammatory process - mastitis .

Seals in the chest in children

In newborns and children of the first year of life, there may be swelling and nodules in the chest. A similar phenomenon occurs in children of both sexes, but is more often observed in girls.

This happens as a result of a hormonal crisis caused by the ingestion of a large number of hormones from the mother's organism into the blood of the child. Seals in the chest are often accompanied by white discharge from the nipple when pressed, while the child does not reveal any anxiety.

Mom should not be worried when a similar sign is found in the baby, after stabilizing the hormonal release background, they disappear without a trace.

Possible diseases

Possible diseases

Seals in the mammary glands most often develop with such diseases:

  • Breast cyst - in one of the lobes a cavity is formed, filled with liquid inside, palpation feels a painful lump in the chest;
  • Lipoma is a benign tumor that originates from the adipose tissue of the gland;
  • Mastitis ;
  • Malignant tumor - with this pathology from the nipple of a woman, under pressure, a pathological fluid is released, sometimes with an admixture of blood.

The danger to the life of a woman is a malignant neoplasm. In the absence of timely diagnostics and medical care, metastases develop rapidly, which grow into nearby internal organs and disrupt their work.

In most cases, painful compaction in the mammary gland in women is the cause of the inflammatory process - mastitis. With this pathology, the chest hurts, is hyperemic, hot to the touch, and from the nipple, pus can be released from the nipple. The disease occurs when the body is undercooled or against the background of blockage of the gland ducts.

Diagnostics

This problem can occur in women of all ages, including girls of school and preschool age. Benign processes with time degenerate into cancer, so it is very important to detect the lump in the chest in time and conduct a detailed examination.

If there are any lesions in the gland, you need to contact a mammologist. The doctor will conduct a thorough examination of the mammary glands and collect anamnesis, after which he will send the patient to additional procedures.

To determine the cause of neoplasm in the chest, modern diagnostic methods are used:

  • X-ray examination;
  • Mammography;
  • Introduction to the ducts of the mammary gland of a special contrast agent and X-ray - this procedure allows to diagnose neoplasms within the ducts and accurately determine the location of the pathological process;
  • Puncture of the breast - the material is sent to the laboratory for detailed study and detection of atypical cells;
  • Biopsy - this study allows you to accurately determine the nature of the seal (benign or malignant, from which tissue originates);
  • Ultrasound of mammary glands.

Treatment of compaction in the mammary gland

Treatment of compaction in the mammary gland

The tactics of treating the revealed compaction in the gland depends on the cause of its occurrence. First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the root cause of the disease, therefore the patient is often prescribed hormonal drugs that restore the function of the ovaries and the pituitary gland.

With an increased level of androgens in a woman's body, it is advisable to conduct a three-month course of treatment with hormonal oral contraceptives. In addition, vitamin preparations, potassium iodide, bromocamphor are prescribed.

To reduce the painful sensations in the gland, a course of treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (in the presence of an inflammatory process) is prescribed, and lactostasis for the mothers receiving paracetamol or its analogues. It is important to ensure a normal blood flow in the glands, so a woman must necessarily choose a bra by the size that lifts the breast well.

If a seal is found in the chest of a malignant character, a woman undergoes chemotherapy and radiotherapy. If the tumor is large and metastases occur, the patient is surgically removed to remove the affected breast.

Important: when a dense neoplasm is found in the chest, it is strictly forbidden to perform massages independently, apply heat or cold, and it is not recommended to visit solariums and saunas, stay under open sunlight. This can provoke the development of unwanted consequences and the progression of the disease.

If a painless seal is found in the mammary gland of a benign nature, the patient must twice a year undergo a preventive examination at the mammal and learn to self-examine the mammary glands. This will allow to control the pathological process and timely prevent the development of breast cancer .

Breast self-examination

Periodically, it is recommended to a woman to conduct an examination of the mammary glands and their palpation, which will allow to notice in time various seals, tenderness and nodules in the chest. Self-examination is carried out as follows:

  • Undress to the waist and stand in front of the mirror;
  • Raise the left hand and right to palpate the left breast in the direction from the armpit to the nipple, then top to bottom. When pressing on the nipple, no discharge is observed in the norm, the breast is soft and painless, the nodules and bumps are not probed;
  • Also repeat with the second mammary gland.

A similar procedure is carried out monthly.

Prevention

To prevent breast cancer, a woman with a hereditary predisposition needs to undergo an examination twice a year from a mammologist and a gynecologist.

Breastfeeding mothers to prevent the formation of seals in the gland and obstruction of the ducts is recommended to put the baby to the breast correctly, monitor the cleanliness of the nipples and alternately change the breast at the next feeding.

Interesting

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