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The child has a temperature of 38.5 - 39 without symptoms

When a baby's fever is combined with cough, anxiety, diarrhea, or other manifestations, it is easier to determine the disease. But it happens that the parents ask: “A child has a year, the temperature is 38.5 without symptoms, why and how to act?”. Let's look at why this happens and what to do in such situations.

Why does the temperature increase?

An increase in body temperature suggests that the body is fighting with alien cells or substances. It can be viral, protozoal, bacterial infections, foreign bodies, frostbite, burns.

Most disease-causing organisms cannot live at a temperature of 38 degrees or more.

The mechanism of increasing body temperature is associated with the activation of white blood cells - white blood cells that provide the body's immune defense. Starting the fight against pathogens, they secrete compounds (interleukin and others) that stimulate the thermoregulation center in the brain. As a result, the metabolism is accelerated and heat production increases.

Content

Causes of fever without symptoms in children

Causes of fever without symptoms in children

Temperature values ​​are different and are divided into types:

  1. Low-grade - 37.1-38 ° C;
  2. Febrile Moderate - 38.1-39 ° C;
  3. Febrile high - 39.1-40 ° C;
  4. Hyperpyretic fever - above 40 ° C.

The smaller the child's age, the more often the temperature rise is not accompanied by other symptoms, and the mark on the thermometer usually does not rise above 38.5 ° C. The reasons for this may be as follows:

  • The primary clash of immunity with pathogens unfamiliar to him - the body successfully fights against the danger, so there are no other manifestations of the disease;
  • The impact of stress - fright, unfamiliar surroundings, loud noises;
  • Overheating - the body of young children is not capable of optimal thermoregulation, for example, when they are in an stuffy room, if the child is warmly dressed in the summer, his temperature can rise to 37-38 and higher;
  • The first days of an infectious disease, signs of which may appear after 2-3 days - pharyngitis, sore throat, otitis media, exanthema or others.

The temperature of a child without symptoms is in infectious pathologies of the urinary tract, so if it does not decrease, you should consult a doctor and pass a urine test.

Another cause - exanthema ( roseola ) disease - occurs between the ages of 9 months and two years. Often, its only manifestation within 2-5 days is elevated temperature.

The thermometer can crawl up without symptoms and during the period of teething, but most often the hyperemia of the gums and anxiety of the baby are added. The reaction of the child's body to the vaccine can also manifest itself by raising the temperature to 37.5-38 ° C.

The reason may be the beginning of the development of food or drug allergies. In some cases, parents may simply not notice other symptoms, so if the temperature does not decrease, you should consult a doctor.

The child has a fever without symptoms - what to do?

The increase in the thermometer does not always manifest itself in heat - the baby’s skin may be cold, for example, due to spasms of the limb vessels. A child's forehead does not always get hot with increasing temperature. For an accurate measurement, use a thermometer, ideally an electronic one.

The nature of the action when the child increases the temperature without symptoms:

  • With ARVI of 37.5 ° and below, it should not be beaten down, since the body copes with pathogens on its own, and the increased heat release is directed specifically at fighting pathogens.
  • For exanthema, sore throat and intestinal infections, subfebrile and febrile values ​​should be shot down and a doctor should be consulted as soon as possible.
  • At 38.5 ° and above, antipyretic agents are used - permissible preparations recommended by a doctor should always be in the first-aid kit. Examples of remedies are Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, Nurofen, Panadol.
  • In case of neurological diseases, congenital heart defects, hypoxia or hemorrhage in the brain at birth, it is impossible to allow the temperature to rise beyond 39 °. In case of such health problems, take regular measurements and, if necessary, take measures to reduce it.
  • If the temperature rises due to the excitement of the baby, a stressful situation, then give him a mild sedative, chosen by the doctor.

Is it necessary to beat down the temperature of 38.5 and higher in a child?

The child has no symptoms

What if the child has a temperature of 38.5 with no symptoms? Shoot down it is necessary in such cases:

  • In the history of the disease there are febrile seizures, and a child from 3 to 5 years;
  • At the age of two months;
  • With serious pathologies of the nervous, respiratory systems, heart and other organs;
  • With deterioration of health and restless behavior;
  • If the child refuses to eat.

What not to do:

  1. To bring down the temperature with Aspirin, Analgin, Amidopyrin, Phenacetin and other drugs based on these agents;
  2. Rub children under 5 years old with alcohol or vinegar - these substances are actively absorbed through the skin and can cause poisoning;
  3. Wipe the baby’s body with a damp cloth and put it in cool water.

At a temperature without symptoms, it is important to closely monitor the condition of the child. Regularly change wet clothes to dry, give more warm drink, do not try to feed the baby if he refuses to eat.

If antipyretic therapy does not bring effect and the heat remains and even increases, a doctor should be called.

When to go to the doctor?

Be sure to seek medical help if you:

  • After churning the temperature, the baby refuses to eat or spit up - this may indicate an intestinal infection or pharyngitis ;
  • The child has a fever up to 39 ° without symptoms and does not subside after the use of antipyretic;
  • The temperature lasts for 3-4 days and longer;
  • Seizures appeared - they can occur with respiratory pathologies, after vaccination, with neurological disorders and increased intracranial pressure.

With the development of febrile seizures before the arrival of the doctor, it is necessary to bring down the temperature with an antipyretic agent in the form of rectal suppositories, place the child on a flat hard surface, turning his head on his side and removing excess clothing that may make breathing difficult or prevent heat from the body.

During an attack, do artificial respiration, give parenteral preparations or water is prohibited.

Children's antipyretic drugs should always be available. Their use is symptomatic and is intended to alleviate the condition of the child. And the basis of treatment is to combat the cause of the temperature increase.

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