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Vaginal dryness - causes and treatment

The feeling of dryness of the vagina can cause great inconvenience and provoke the appearance of inflammatory processes. Mostly this problem occurs in women older than 40 years, therefore, complaints of dry vagina during menopause are not rare.

Decreased hydration of the mucous membranes is not a sign of a serious infection. But on the background of changes in the composition of secretion, infection may be secondary. Therefore, the feeling of dryness becomes a signal to go to the doctor for examination.


Causes of vaginal dryness

Vaginal dryness

Unpleasant sensations can affect the intimate life, so the gynecologist to whom you turn will find out what caused the appearance of dryness in the vagina. It can be due to one or several factors:

  • Hormonal disorders , natural age-related decrease in the level of estrogen in the blood.
  • Infections of the bladder and urethra.
  • Genital herpes.
  • Exacerbation of sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Manifestation of allergy to soap, which was used in the hygienic procedures of the intimate area.
  • Taking oral contraceptives with high progesterone levels.
  • Diseases of the thyroid gland.

It is possible to get rid of dry mucous membranes, if the cause of discomfort is known. In some cases, it is enough just to eliminate what contributes to the emergence of such sensations, for example, change care products, stop taking hormonal preparations. In other situations, the patient is prescribed treatment aimed at restoring the Ph-balance of vaginal discharge.

Vaginal dryness with menopause

Menopause is characterized by the fact that the hormonal background of a woman is undergoing significant changes. Estrogen secretion is greatly reduced, and the production of hormones FSH and LH increases significantly. Also, some women in menopause increases the amount of testosterone in the blood.

All this can affect the state of the mucous membranes of the intimate zone: they become more fragile and less hydrated due to poor secretion and changes in the acid-base balance of secretions.

Dryness in the vagina with menopause may be aggravated by a general metabolic disorder in the body, which is observed in women over 40 years of age.

Another factor affecting the reduction of wetting of the mucous membranes of the genital organs is irregular sex. During menopause, women’s libido is reduced and sexual contact, like sexual arousal in general, is often minimized or absent altogether. But sex - an additional source of moisture vagina due to the natural discharge during orgasm.

Feeling of vaginal dryness during pregnancy and the postpartum period

During the carrying of the child in the woman's body also occur significant hormonal changes. Increased levels of progesterone, testosterone. In contrast to the period of menopause, a sharp decrease in the amount of estrogen does not occur. On the contrary, the production of these hormones increases significantly.

Dryness in the vagina, both during pregnancy and after childbirth, is due to the fact that, despite the high content of estrogen in the blood, the hormonal balance still remains disturbed due to an increase in the production of other hormones necessary for carrying a child.

It is not easy to get rid of discomfort during this period, because it is impossible to correct the hormones without harming the future baby.

Treatment in this situation will be only symptomatic, but it will keep the mucous membranes of the genital organs moisturized until the postpartum period, when hormonal levels return to normal.

When do I need to see a doctor?

If dryness in the vagina does not pass for a long time, and symptomatic treatment brings little benefit, then you need to visit a gynecologist. As a rule, poor natural moisturizing of the mucous membrane, which is observed for a long time, is a sign of a more serious disease. It is worth guarding if:

  1. Appeared dryness in the vagina has led to extensive inflammation, the appearance of an unpleasant smell.
  2. Due to the dryness on the surface of the mucous membrane of the vagina there are not microcracks, but wounds visible to the eye.
  3. If the analysis of hormones showed a lack of estrogen in the blood.
  4. If insufficient moisture in the intimate area is caused by diabetes.
  5. If the inflammation affected the urethra and urination became painful.

Treatment of vaginal dryness

Treatment of vaginal dryness

If a decrease in the volume of vaginal discharge is not associated with any serious illness, then the woman can independently take steps to eliminate the discomfort.

However, a visit to the doctor is still necessary, since only he will be able to establish the cause of the occurrence of such problems and refer them to the necessary specialist if necessary.

  • Medicinal Herbal Douches

A decoction of chamomile, sage or oak bark will not only help keep the mucous membranes moist, but also save you from the risk of inflammation. These plants have antiseptic properties and have a beneficial effect on the acid balance of the intravaginal environment.

  • Power correction

It should significantly reduce the consumption of salty foods, and also include in the daily diet coarse fiber, which is found in vegetables, wheat, bran.

It is necessary to monitor how much water is consumed during the day: if less than a liter, then this is a signal to increase fluid intake.

  • Candles for dryness in the vagina

It is necessary to take into account that in order to eliminate problems with moisturizing mucous membranes, suppositories with estradiol and estriol are used. Therefore, before taking them, it is necessary to pass an analysis to determine the level of estradiol in the blood.

If the lack of a female hormone is confirmed, then you can buy candles Ovipol Clio, Estrokad, Ovestin.

  • Use of gels

Dryness and burning in the vagina can be eliminated with gels. However, they also contain estradiol in their composition, so they can be used only after the results of the analysis for hormones.

Gels are applied not to the mucous membrane, but to the skin area either on the back, in the lumbar region, or on the stomach. This method of application is typical for Divigel, Klimara and Dermestril.

  • Use of lubricants

To combat vaginal dryness, non-hormonal lubricants are used, which can be purchased at a pharmacy. They are made on a water basis and help maintain the natural Ph-balance in the intravaginal environment.

The absence of aromatic substances in their composition will protect against allergic reactions to the use of the drug. Therefore, non-hormonal lubricants can be used in cases where a violation of the natural moisturizing of the mucous membranes was caused by an allergy to intimate area care products.

Preventive measures involve monitoring hormones during menopause and a visit to the gynecologist if monitoring has shown a persistent decrease in estradiol over several months.

Dryness in the vagina can cause discomfort during intercourse, wearing underwear, cause itching and burning. It is not necessary to postpone treatment - microcracks formed on the mucous membranes, can become a beneficial environment for the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria.

2016-09-24 03:35:44
So I have a climacterium now and faced such a problem, I feel terrible.
Natalya H
2016-09-24 04:39:59
I had dryness in the vagina at the beginning of menopause, did not use folk remedies, I immediately went to the doctor, it turned out that there was not enough estrogen, they prescribed ovestin candles, and they saved me. Feel has become much better.
2016-09-30 15:09:25

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