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Decryption of analyzes

Mucus in urine, what does this mean? Norms in children and adults, deviations

What can mucus in the urine tell?

An important indicator of changes in the state of human health - the composition of the urine. It consists of almost 1000 organic chemical elements and an aqueous salt solution. For all people, its composition is different, depending on many factors (gender, age, nutrition, lifestyle, etc.).

The manifestation of mucus in the urine is affected by various processes - the functioning of the kidneys, the pelvic organs, metabolic processes, and much more.

But in most cases, when mucus appears in the urine, this means the development of negative processes in the renal tissues or pathologies in the urinary system.


Causes of mucus in the urine of women and men

Mucus in urine

Formation of mucus, the body is bound to the goblet epithelial cells lining the mucous cavity of the urinary system. Synthesizing urethral secretions, they thus protect the walls of the urinary system from the negative influence of the chemical components of urine and infectious pathogens.

The small presence of mucous inclusions in the urine (lumps or flagella) is a natural process, as the urinary system is constantly being released, especially in the female, it can be mixed with vaginal secretions, which explains the presence of mucus in the urine of women in small quantities.

The natural state of the urine in the bladder cavity is sterility, its turbidity is caused by bacteria and mucus excreted from the body during urination from the lower portion of the urethral canal, where they penetrate due to functional disorders of the urinary system. Due to:

  • Bacterial inflammatory reactions in the renal pelvis (due to pyelonephritis );
  • Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bladder cavity (a consequence of cystitis ) caused by the penetration of mucus and bacteria into the urine from the foci of inflammation;
  • Bilateral renal damage due to various long-term pathological processes (nephropathy);
  • Urolithiasis - urolithiasis of the kidneys or ureter;
  • Prolonged stagnation of urine, causing reactions of inflammation and accumulation in the urine of a large amount of urethral mucus;
  • External penetration of infectious factors (venereal diseases).

In many cases, when mucus is formed in the urine, the reason is the most trivial, due to illiterate gathering of urine for testing - lack or lack of washing during material collection, not sterility of the container, or incorrect or long-term storage of urine that does not meet certain deadlines.

Features of mucus in the urine in children

The appearance of mucus in the urine of a child is always alarming for parents. Anatomical and physiological immaturity of the pediatric urogenital system contributes to its formation:

  1. Imperfect system of innervation of the bladder;
  2. Poor development of the circular layer of muscle and elastic tissue;
  3. Increased renal motility;
  4. Restriction of ureteral contractility;
  5. Vulnerable and weak mucous coating of the urethra.

The combination of such factors creates excellent conditions for the development of infections in the urethral system of children. Girls are more susceptible to infection, this is due to the individual structure of the urinary system - the urethra is wider than in boys, and its close location to the outlet of the anus predisposes to the spread of infection in an ascending way.

A provoking factor in the formation in the urine of a child of mucus (urethral) are:

  • Inflammatory infectious diseases;
  • Dysmetabolic processes in the renal structures, provoked by poor nutrition and lack of fluid intake;
  • Streptococcal, fungal, intestinal pathologies, in particular vulvovaginitis;
  • The narrowing of the foreskin with phimosis, when a secret accumulates in its folds and enters the urine;
  • With rare exceptions, pyelonephritis and infectious-allergic glomerulonephritis.

The manifestation of mucus in the urine during pregnancy

urinary mucus during pregnancy

In addition to common pathologies, the causes of mucus in the urine during gestation are due to a variety of factors. Themselves mucous inclusions talk about the defeat of the urinary system infectious pathogens.

The appearance in the urine of foreign elements is observed from the second half of pregnancy, when a significant increase in the size of the uterus causes squeezing of the urinary tract.

An increased load on the kidneys can manifest itself with gestational pyelonephritis, which develops on the background of the presence in the body of the source of infection and the difficulty of urine flow in the ureter, which can cause squeezing of the uterus.

  • At the same time turbidity, formation of mucus and epithelial flakes in the urine can be observed.

Inclusions in urine urethral mucus in pregnant women can be bacterial in nature, caused by pathogens of venereal diseases (urenoplasma, chlamydia, mycoplasma), provoking inflammatory reactions in various organs, and are dangerous to both the pregnant woman and the fetus.

Difficult separation of urine in small portions, the feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder, fever should attract the special attention of the pregnant woman.

The process of turbidity of urine contribute to the error of nutrition pregnant. A large amount of fat in the diet causes increased formation of lipids, turbidity of the urine with the formation of a strong odor and mucous fibers. The uncontrolled use of sweet white muffin bakery products made from white flour, meat products from pork and poultry contribute to the manifestation of mucous formations in urine.

With such a diet, there is no pathology in the analyzes. The factor of hygienic deficiency is not detected. By balancing the diet with a large inclusion of dairy and dairy products, cereals, vegetables and rye bread - you can even out the situation and restore the normal balance of elements in the urine.

What is the treatment?

Urine with mucus is not a disease, but a sign of possible pathologies developing in the body. Therefore, the treatment protocol is drawn up according to the identified provocative reasons. The diagnosis includes:

  • Repeated control analyzes on various systems, specifying the characteristics of sedimentary elements in urine;
  • Clinical and biochemistry indicators of blood and functional renal tests are examined;
  • Test samples for the Zimnitsky system ;
  • Bacterial urine culture and cystoscopic examination;
  • Excretory and review urography, and ultrasound of the kidneys.

Even a small level of mucus in the urine, together with protein precipitation, the presence of bacterial flora and leukocytes, undoubtedly testifies to violations in the urethral system

  1. If cystitis is detected, drug therapy is carried out with antibiotics - Augmentin, Nolitsinom or Norbactin.
  2. Water therapy - daily fluid intake (up to 3 liters) in the form of herbal teas, decoctions, or fruit drinks.
  3. In case of renal pathologies, uroantisepsic drugs such as furazidin, nitrofurantoin, canephron, urolesan or their analogues are added to antibiotic therapy.
  4. With renal colic - antispasmodics and analgesics (No-shpa, Drotevarin).
  5. Treatment of adenomatous education in the prostate is carried out with antiandrogens in combination with alpha-blockers; in the event of inconsistency of drug treatment, a surgical operation in the form of transurethral resection is suggested - a standard and fairly effective procedure.
  6. With stone disease, pharmacological treatment is useless. Various surgical techniques for the removal and crushing of calculus are used.

Treatment of urological diseases and pathological processes in the urinary system should be prompt. Mucus in the urine is the first bell, threatening to turn into a "chime" of chronic diseases and complications.


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