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Explanation of analyzes

Toxic hepatitis: what it is and what methods of treatment exist today

Toxic hepatitis is quite a dangerous disease and requires timely diagnosis. This pathology is characterized by a bright current. When making a diagnosis, the treatment is comprehensive. In advanced cases, liver transplantation may be required.

Content

What is toxic hepatitis

Toxic hepatitis is a disease in which there is a gradual necrosis of liver cells. This process develops when exposed to toxic substances, including industrial chemicals, alcohol and drugs. This kind of pathology occurs much less frequently than other forms of hepatitis.

In children, toxic hepatitis occurs in isolated cases. A provoking factor is the treatment with potent drugs that lead to the gradual death of liver cells.

When moderate amounts of toxins enter the human body, a healthy liver can cope with them without difficulty. However, if the amount of harmful substances increases and they attack the body on a regular basis, the body does not have time to neutralize them. Cells begin to slowly die.

hepatitis

Toxic hepatitis is a consequence of aggressive factors.

The speed of the pathological process depends on the amount of toxic substances entering.

What is toxic hepatitis - video

Drug, acute, chronic and other types of hepatitis

According to the nature of the course, hepatitis is distinguished:

  • acute - characterized by a sharp onset and vivid symptoms;
  • chronic - develops over a long time and has more erased manifestations.

Additionally, toxic hepatitis is classified into:

  • alcoholic - occurs when consuming large amounts of alcoholic beverages, including low-quality production;
  • medicinal - develops as a result of taking drugs that have a negative effect on the liver;
  • industrial - takes place with constant exposure to the body of harmful chemical compounds used in the enterprise.

Causes and provoking factors

The cause of toxic hepatitis is exposure to the liver of harmful substances, such as:

  • alcohol - ethanol derivatives;
  • drugs: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hormonal drugs, antiparasitic drugs, antidepressants, tranquilizers, antibiotics;
  • Herbs: Comfrey, Mistletoe, Valerian;
  • industrial poisons: naphthalenes, chloroform, disinsection agents, arsenic, mercury and tin.

As provoking factors are chronic diseases of the liver and biliary tract. In this case, tissue necrosis occurs in a very short time. Symptomatology more pronounced than when exposed to toxic substances on a healthy organ.

Symptoms and signs

The main symptoms of toxic hepatitis:

  • pain on right side of ribs;
  • nausea;
  • lack of appetite;
  • changes in sclera and skin color to yellow;
  • enlarged liver;
  • abdominal distention (due to the accumulation of free fluid);
  • general poor health.

The following signs are present in the toxic effects of carbon tetrachloride:

  • temperature increase;
  • headache;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • bleeding from the digestive tract;
  • diarrhea;
  • jaundice.

In a short time, acute hepatic failure may develop, which is fraught with death. If time does not recognize the presence of toxic hepatitis, it can go into cirrhosis of the liver. This disease is formed by cirrhosis of the liver.

After eating poisonous mushrooms toxic hepatitis occurs within 20 hours. There is a bright symptoms with all the signs of severe poisoning. Alcohol and dosage forms develop gradually over several months.

cirrhosis of the liver

With prolonged toxic hepatitis may develop cirrhosis

Diagnostic measures

The main research methods for suspected toxic hepatitis:

  1. Biochemical analysis of blood - allows you to determine the state of the functions of the liver for specific indications.

    It is important to assess the level of total bilirubin and its components - shows the amount of yellow pigment formed as a result of the breakdown of hemoglobin and cytochromes.

  2. Ultrasound - is carried out in order to identify changes in the structure of the liver. Ultrasound is absolutely safe and allows you to catch even the smallest changes.
  3. MRI - magnetic resonance imaging is carried out due to the presence of a special nuclear field, which allows you to reproduce the structure of any tissue on a computer monitor.
  4. Biopsy is performed as a differential diagnosis. It is necessary to exclude the presence of malignant degeneration of cells. For the study take a small piece of the liver, which is examined under a microscope.

Treatment of toxic hepatitis

The main way to treat this type of disease is to eliminate exposure to toxic substances. In advanced cases, hemodialysis is performed, which is a blood purification procedure. To stabilize the condition, an integrated treatment approach is needed.

Drug therapy

Drug therapy is aimed at removing toxic substances from the body, restoring liver cells and the normal functioning of the body. Most often used:

  1. Adsorbents (Polysorb, activated carbon, Enterosgel). They help to eliminate the decomposition products of toxic substances from the body.
  2. Hepatoprotectors (Essentiale forte N, Heptral, Karsil). Maintain the functionality of hepatocytes (liver cells), eliminating the possibility of their destruction under the influence of harmful substances.
  3. Vitamins. The most useful in toxic hepatitis are vitamins of group B, folic and ascorbic acid.

Enterosgel, Essentiale Forte N and other medicines - gallery

Diet

Diet for toxic hepatitis plays an important role. If you do not exclude some products and do not adhere to a certain menu, then you can exacerbate the symptoms and provoke a transition of the disease into a more severe form. The diet should contain sufficient amounts of vitamins and substances beneficial to the liver.

What to exclude:

  • soda;
  • coffee;
  • salty dishes;
  • spices, sauces;
  • smoked products;
  • fatty foods;
  • sweets in large quantities;
  • semi-finished products;
  • baking;
  • garlic.

Food should not contain artificial additives. Alcohol is strictly prohibited.

The menu should include:

  • porridges;
  • small amount of butter;
  • steam fish;
  • vegetables and fruits;
  • dried fruits;
  • lean broth with crackers;
  • yogurt;
  • sour cream with cottage cheese;
  • kefir;
  • green tea.

You need to eat at least 5 times a day.

Useful products for toxic hepatitis - gallery

Surgical intervention

In severe cases, when the liver almost ceases to function, the only way to save the patient is an organ transplant. Such an operation is extremely expensive. In addition, there is a high risk of organ rejection, since human immunity actively resists the introduction of foreign agents.

If there is a need only for a partial replacement of the liver, the living person can be the donor. Well, if it is a relative, so the risk of organ rejection is minimized. Return to normal life with a successful outcome of the operation in a year.

Traditional methods of treatment

The following recipes for traditional medicine are useful for toxic hepatitis:

  1. Cleansing decoction. Dry chicory is required. 1 tbsp. l. Pour 250 ml of boiling water and let stand for 20 minutes. Then add 1 tbsp. l. honey All mix and take half an hour before meals 2 times a day for half a cup in a warm form for 10 days.
  2. Healing infusion. During active flowering, it is necessary to gather strawberry grass (preferably together with the roots). Then dry in a dark place and chop. 2 tbsp. l. raw materials brew in 500 ml of boiling water. Let stand 30 minutes. Filter and take in 20 minutes before a meal, 0.5 cups 2 times a day for two weeks. Pre-need to be diluted with milk.
  3. Purifying juice. For hepatitis, fresh pumpkin juice is very useful. It is necessary daily to squeeze it out of the pulp and take half a cup a day an hour after eating for 10 days.
  4. Sauerkraut Juice You need to drink it 3 times a day, 120 ml for 15 minutes before meals for 20 days.

    Sauerkraut juice is an excellent remedy for restoring liver function.

  5. Infusion to maintain liver function. It will take 1 tbsp. l. dry herb Hypericum, which you need to pour 400 ml of boiling water and insist 40 minutes. Then strain and take 2 times a day, 150 ml for 15 minutes before meals for two weeks.

Folk Remedies - Gallery

Treatment prognosis, possible complications and consequences

If time to detect toxic hepatitis, the prognosis is favorable. If the disease becomes chronic, then there is a high risk of developing liver necrosis, as well as death. The most dangerous complications:

  • the occurrence of acute liver failure;
  • the transition of hepatitis to cirrhosis;
  • complete tissue necrosis.

If the liver ceases to function, then the person will die in the shortest possible time. That is why high-quality differential diagnosis and timely treatment is so important.

Preventive measures

To prevent the development of toxic hepatitis, it is necessary:

  1. Avoid contact with harmful chemicals.
  2. When working at industrial enterprises, do not forget about personal protective equipment and regular routine inspection.
  3. Do not abuse alcohol.
  4. Take medication only as prescribed by a doctor.

It is very important at the first signs of the disease immediately contact a doctor.

Toxic hepatitis in the running form has a high risk of death. Timely diagnosis and quality treatment contribute to recovery. The main thing with therapy is to exclude all provoking factors. If this is not done, then therapy will bring only a temporary effect.

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