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Explanation of analyzes

Symptoms of AVI in adults, causes and risk factors

For most vegetative vascular dystonia (abbreviated VSD) is a very strange diagnosis. With this pathology, it is impossible to identify any organic disorder, that is, in fact a person is healthy on the one hand, but on the other he is constantly disturbed by unpleasant symptoms.

Someone writes them off for fatigue, others even consider it a whore, because all the tests and surveys indicate that there are no problems. Consider what this disease is and how it can manifest itself.


VSD - what is it in plain language

Symptoms of an AVR in adults in the picture

We will try to explain in as simple a manner as possible what the VSD is, describe the causes of the onset, symptoms and risk factors, but all the same, we can not do without some medical terms.

Vegetosovascular dystonia (NDC or neurocirculatory dysfunction) is a functional disorder of the normal functioning of the autonomic nervous system, which is manifested by numerous symptoms and syndromes.

In the human body, the autonomic nervous system controls the work of all internal organs and systems. She is responsible for sleep and wakefulness, thanks to her, a person can react correctly to a stressful situation and fully relax in a period of relative peace.

The main causes of

About VSD in plain language Usually, this disease manifests itself in childhood and in the future without adequate treatment, its symptoms are only aggravated.

Experts can not establish the exact cause of the problem. An important role in the formation of vegetative-vascular dystonia is played by:

  • genetic predisposition (one member of the family already has this problem);
  • severe pregnancy and childbirth in the mother;
  • frequent colds and infectious diseases;
  • Characteristics of the character: hysteria, tearfulness, anxiety;
  • frequent stress, fatigue and disturbance of the usual regime;
  • poor nutrition and ecology;
  • alcohol and tobacco abuse;
  • chronic somatic diseases, etc.

Risk factors

The problem of vegetative-vascular dystonia is usually faced by women who try to realize themselves in several areas: career, home, family, etc.

Unable to withstand this intense rhythm, the vegetative system fails, which can be manifested by frequent headaches, increased pressure, suffocation and other symptoms. If they are simply ignored, then in the future it will develop into a serious disease.

Approximately 20% of cases with this problem are faced by children whose parents try to load them with additional developmental activities. Lack of childhood and proper rest leads to childhood neuroses and the appearance of signs of vegetative-vascular dystonia.

Types of vegetative dystonia

Types of IRR

There are several classifications of VSD. According to the literature, it can be divided:

1. For reasons of appearance:

  • hereditary;
  • dyshormonal;
  • professional;
  • psychogenic;
  • infectious-toxic;
  • mixed nature.

: легкая, средняя и тяжелая. 2. In terms of severity : mild, moderate and severe.

3. By duration and time of occurrence.

4. By the type of hemodynamic disorders:

  • by hypertonic type (pressure increased);
  • hypotonic type (lowered);
  • normotensive (normal pressure);
  • mixed (the pressure periodically rises, then decreases).

кардиалгический, респираторный, астенический и другие. 5. On clinical syndromes: cardial, respiratory, asthenic and others.

The last two classifications have become widespread in clinical practice, so when a doctor should characterize the VSD, he uses the last two items of this classification.

7 symptoms of AVR in adults

Symptoms of an AVR

Symptoms of an AVR

The clinical picture and symptoms in adults and children depend on the individual characteristics of the patient's body. Manifestations of the disease cover all human organs and systems, therefore, in order to somehow systematize complaints, all signs of the VSD have been combined into a whole list of syndromes:

Нарушения со стороны сердца и сосудов (кардиалгический). 1. Disorders from the heart and blood vessels (cardialgic). The patient is concerned about heart pain, irregularities in the rhythm, changes in the heart rate (tachi or bradycardia).

Pressure may increase or decrease depending on the type of VSD, in some cases it remains normal or constantly rises above and below the norm.

Дыхательные расстройства. 2. Respiratory disorders. There are complaints of lack of air, suffocation, dry cough, a person begins to breathe often, a voice can sink or vanish.

Психоэмоциональный. 3. Psychoemotional. Observed capriciousness, hysteria, fatigue, weakness and depressed state. Periods of bad mood can alternate with causeless euphoria and gaiety.

Изменение чувствительности: шум и звон в ушах, ощущение мурашек, холод в конечностях, повышенное потоотделение и др. 4. Change in sensitivity: noise and ringing in the ears, sensation of chills, cold in the extremities, increased sweating, etc.

Неврологические симптомы: дрожание конечностей, изменение походки, судороги и тремор конечностей, заикание, нервные тики, головокружение. 5. Neurological symptoms: trembling of limbs, gait alteration, convulsions and tremors of the limbs, stammering, nervous tics, dizziness.

Проблемы с пищеварительным трактом: изменение стула (понос, запор), боли в эпигастральной области, рези и вздутие живота, тошнота и рвота, изжога. 6. Problems with the digestive tract: changing the stool (diarrhea, constipation), pain in the epigastric region, rubbing and bloating, nausea and vomiting, heartburn.

Другие: частые позывы к мочеиспусканию, ночное недержание мочи, панические атак и и др. 7. Other: frequent urination, urinary incontinence, panic attacks , and others.

All these syndromes rarely occur in isolation, more often the patient is concerned at once with several of them, which according to the classification refer to different types of VSD.

In simple words, it can be said that manifestations of the disease affect most organs and systems of the human body, including psycho-emotional. At the same time, manifesting in all different ways, although there are similar symptoms collected above.

Important! Among the symptoms of vegetovascular dystonia in women is often met with dependence. Typically, patients complain of headaches and other signs of illness when weather changes and climate conditions change.

Symptoms of exacerbation of AVR

Attacks of panic, anxiety - signs of exacerbation of the IRR

Attacks of panic, anxiety - signs of exacerbation of the IRR

Sometimes failures in the work of the autonomic nervous system reach their peak and this manifests itself in the form of panic attacks or vegetative crises. In these situations, a large amount of adrenaline (a stress hormone) is released into the blood, which is manifested by the characteristic signs:

  • blood pressure rises;
  • heart rate increases;
  • there is suffocation and a feeling of lack of air;
  • pain in the chest and heart;
  • pre-occlusive conditions;
  • panic, anxiety develops, the fear of death appears.

Such seizures last from a few minutes to half an hour. Provoke them, as a rule, stressful situations: examination, surgery, loss of a loved one. They go on their own or require the use of sedative and antihypertensive drugs.

Principles of IVR treatment

Principles of IVR treatment

Treatment of vegetative dystonia depends on the symptoms and type of disease. For mild manifestations, the patient is recommended to resort to non-medicamentous methods of treatment: meditation, yoga, balneotherapy, massage, work with a psychologist and others.

In addition, it is necessary to normalize the regime of the day and nutrition.

If the disease causes serious discomfort, then prescribe sedatives and antidepressants. Before the beginning of treatment, you need to make sure that the patient has an EVD, and not another somatic pathology, in which physiotherapy is ineffective.

Vegeto-vascular dystonia is a disorder of the autonomic nervous system. Manifestations of the disease affect absolutely all organs and systems of man. In the treatment they use work with a psychologist, physiotherapy and medicines.


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