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What vision is not taken into the army: norms and deviations
Violation of the visual function is recorded in a large number of draftees for military service. However, young people in the ranks of the military do not allow only young people with serious violations of the work of the organs of vision. The medical commission, which every recruit must pass, is the authority that issues the final conclusion on the possibility to repay the debt to the Motherland.
- Армия и зрение 1 Army and Sight
- Видео: проблемы со зрением участились среди призывников 1.1 Video: vision problems have become more frequent among draftees
- Ограничения по зрению для службы в армии 1.2 Vision restrictions for military service
- Видео: освобождение от службы по зрению 1.2.1 Video: exemption from vision service
- Категории годности 1.3 Categories of shelf life
- Степень остроты зрения и отсутствие одного из глаз 1.4 Degree of visual acuity and the absence of one of the eyes
- Монокулярное зрение и армия 1.5 Monocular vision and the army
- Отсрочка от армии по зрению 2 Postponement from the army by sight
- Отсрочка от армии после операции на глазах 2.1 Postponement from the army after eye surgery
Army and Sight
It is known that a visually impaired draftee cannot join the ranks of recruits. But what does the concept of "bad vision" include? A special document entitled “Schedule of Diseases” gives clear answers to this question - it is the members of the draft board that rely on it to decide on the suitability of the young man for the service. Diseases of the eyes and their adnexa are described in articles 29-36.
Most often controversial issues cause such pathologies of the organs of vision:
- farsightedness (hyperopia) - impaired visual acuity when looking at closely spaced objects;
- myopia (myopia) - an abnormality of refraction of vision, in which a person sees poorly objects located far away;
- Astigmatism is a visual defect caused by a violation of the shape of the lens, the eye, or the curvature of the cornea. The consequence of the disease is the inability of the recruit to fully focus on any object.
In addition to the presence of the above diagnoses, an important criterion for assessing the quality of vision is its acuity. It is not always the violation of the refraction of the eye corresponds to a change in this parameter, and each case must be considered individually.
With any ophthalmic pathology, there are ways to solve the problem. Using corrective glasses or contact lenses, the recruit has the ability to significantly improve visual acuity. Therefore, assessing the degree of development of this or that ophthalmologic disease and the possibility of its treatment, representatives of the medical board of the military registration and enlistment office can make a verdict about their suitability for the army service, as well as about its postponement or admission to the reserve.
Video: vision problems are frequent among conscripts
Vision restrictions for military service
In the draft board, the young men undergo eye examinations that help identify possible visual impairment. The doctor-oculist conducts examination for the description of violations of refraction, accommodation or other pronounced pathologies and makes its conclusion.
When examining conscripts by an oculist, methods of refractometry and skiascopy are usually used, investigating the refractive power of the eye with the help of special equipment. In this case, the first method is more objective, since its results do not take into account the human factor. Thus, the survey error is a fraction of a percent.
Young people who are diagnosed with myopia over 6 diopters or hyperopia over 8 diopters in at least one eye are exempted from conscription. With astigmatism with a difference of refraction of more than 6 diopters, the recruit is also not suitable for service.
Video: exemption from vision service
Categories of shelf life
According to the degree of compliance of a conscript's health with the conditions of military service, there are five categories of fitness:
- Category A - members of the medical examination of the subject revealed good health. When checking the vision, the ophthalmologist can see only minor anatomical features, for example, in the eyelids.
- Category B - when tested, non-serious diseases were diagnosed that allow military service to be performed. An ophthalmologist can detect minor pathologies of the retina or cornea of the eye, lens, optic nerve, or iris. This category of fitness will be attributed to the young man if glaucoma is detected in the initial stage and diseases of the eye muscles. In this category, the individual recruitment restrictions will be taken into account for the draftee. This includes mild conjunctival diseases, myopia from 3 to 6, hyperopia from 6 to 8, astigmatism from 2 to 4 diopters.
- Category B - the recruit's health allows him to serve in the army only in wartime, while in peacetime he is given a military ID with a note of enrollment. Hyperopia of any eye - from 8 to 12 diopters., Myopia from 6 to 12 diopters .; astigmatism from 4 to 6 diopters.
- Category G - members of the medical board at the military office detected diseases or pathologies in which the conscript is given a respite from the army for further treatment and recovery. This category includes conscripts with identified temporary disorders of the organ function of vision after a long illness, various types of injuries and burns, or surgical treatment.
- Category D - a draftee is exempted from military service due to an unsuitable health condition (for example, myopia or farsightedness is in the last stage of development and is over 12 diopters, astigmatism with a difference of refraction of more than 6 diopters).
The degree of visual acuity and the absence of one of the eyes
It is worth separating the concepts of visual acuity and refraction. There is no hard link between them, but usually high values of refraction correspond to reduced visual acuity.
For example, the phrase “sight minus 5” will denote the diagnosis - the presence of clinical refraction, namely myopia of 5 diopters. And the expression "vision 0.2" (without dimension, just a numeric value of 0.2) means that the patient sees only the first two lines from the table of visual examination, and characterizes its sharpness.
For a detailed description of eye health, you must specify the above parameter. Usually oculists clarify the visual acuity of the recruit both without glasses, and using the maximum correction. It is necessary to establish whether visual acuity is 1.0 using special lenses or a 100% correction is impossible, which indirectly confirms the presence of the disease. Thus, if eye refraction disorders are considered, the detected values will be checked without lens correction, while visual acuity is taken into account using glass correction (according to art. 35 "Disease schedules").
Articles 34 and 35 of this document establish the criteria according to which a recruit is assigned a category of fitness, taking into account his visual acuity. For example, a young man is released from a call for medical reasons, and one of the pathologies is found in him:
- visual acuity of one eye is 0.09 and below or its blindness with a visual acuity of the other eye of 0.3 and below, as well as the absence of an eyeball with a visual acuity of the other eye of 0.3 and below, or visual acuity of both eyes of 0.2 and below;
- visual acuity of one eye is 0.09 and below or its blindness with a visual acuity of the other eye of 0.4 and higher, as well as the absence of an eyeball with a visual acuity of the other eye of 0.4 and higher or visual acuity of one eye of 0.3 when the visual acuity of the other eyes from 0.3 to 0.1;
- visual acuity of one eye is 0.4 with visual acuity of the other eye from 0.3 to 0.1.
In case of correction of visual acuity with contact lenses, the conscript should be well tolerated (the ability to wear lenses for at least 20 hours without eye irritation and with no visual disturbance characterized by bifurcation of objects in sight). In addition to lenses, the future soldier must also have glasses that are suitable for him, the use of which allows him to fully serve in the army.
Monocular vision and army
Lack of binocular vision is a pathology in which the brain loses the ability to compose images coming from the right and left eyes in one three-dimensional image. In monocular vision, the brain selects only one image from one eye or another in order to avoid double vision.
Monocular vision is usually a concomitant symptom in strabismus, when one eye, not participating in the visual process, gradually loses its function until complete blindness (which is quite possible in the absence of proper therapy). When an obstetric oculist is detected more than 15 degrees, a deferment from the army is required for further health adjustment (for example, surgery or hardware treatment) . Also, to determine the category of a recruiter’s fitness, visual acuity and the presence of associated eye diseases, such as refractive and accommodation disorders, are taken into account.
So, with monocular strabismus, category G is assigned - “temporarily unfit”. At the same time, after additional treatment and examination, the recruit is obliged to undergo a medical examination at the military registration and enlistment office again to assess his health. If the prescribed therapy did not give a significant result, the category D is put to the recruit. She is assigned with the absolute absence of binocular vision.
Postponement from the army by sight
The delay for treatment of ophthalmological diseases identified by the medical commission of the military registration and enlistment office is given to conscripts who are assigned category G.
Usually, this group includes young men who have temporary disorders of the organs of vision on the background of an acute course of the disease, exacerbation of a chronic disease or as a result of a received injury. Also, such a conscript may be recommended a deferment from military service due to the surgical intervention performed or after being sent for an operation.
The typical time that the medical board of the military registration and enlistment office gives to amend the health of a conscript is 6 months.
Postponement from the army after eye surgery
If necessary, surgical intervention, according to Article 36 "Schedules of Diseases", after the treatment, is given a deferment from the army for the possibility of rehabilitation. The amount of time allotted for the full recovery of health, this document is not regulated, and usually an optometrist from the medical board gives a delay at its discretion. For example, after laser vision correction, the period for rehabilitation is usually limited to six months. If the conscript disagrees with the length of the deferment from military service, he has the right to appeal her within the specified time frame.
The state after laser correction of myopia or another conscript disease, the initial value of which was the basis for exemption from military service (for example, myopia was more than 6.25 diopters), even with 100% vision, is the basis for refusing the call.
As a rule, only those draftees who have a confirmed disability can receive category D by sight. In other cases, young men suffering from a serious ophthalmologic disease usually receive a category B - “limited in duration”. If the conscript is aware of the problems with vision, it is better to prepare the relevant documents in advance and present them to the medical board of the military registration and enlistment office.