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Vomiting in a child without fever and diarrhea: reasons for what to do

Vomiting is a sudden discharge of gastric contents due to its reduction. The appearance of vomiting in a child without fever and diarrhea may seem an unserious symptom, but it is not.

In itself, vomiting is not a disease - it is a sign of a pathological process that develops in the children's body. Sometimes it can be very serious diseases that threaten the life of the baby.


Causes of vomiting in children without fever and diarrhea

The ejection of gastric contents against the background of general health can occur in children at different ages. There are quite a few reasons for this.

So, in newborns and children up to a year this happens due to the following diseases and conditions:


1. Pyloric stenosis. This is a congenital pathology characterized by a narrowing of the output section of the stomach due to hypertrophy of the muscles in this place. The disease manifests itself in the first weeks of a newborn's life. Baby spits immediately after feeding.

The pyloric stenosis differs from the usual regurgitation by the volume of discarded milk. Normally, this volume is about a tablespoon. In case of pyloric stenosis, vomiting can occur in a “fountain” - for one emetic urge, the entire portion of food eaten is thrown away.

In this case, the newborn loses weight, it appears signs of dehydration. Pilorostenosis requires surgical treatment.

2. Pilorospasm. It occurs due to a strong contraction of muscle fibers located in the output section of the stomach. The normal movement of food into the intestines is difficult.

Most often, this disease is manifested in premature babies, as well as children who have experienced hypoxia during childbirth and in certain nervous diseases.

It is characterized by constant regurgitation or vomiting "fountain", abdominal pain, weight loss, increased anxiety of the newborn.

3. Esophagus diverticulum. This education on the wall of the esophagus protrusion in the form of a pouch that is filled with food. At a certain position of the body (usually lying), the diverticulum is able to be emptied. It looks like regurgitation or vomiting.

The condition of the child may not suffer. Remove the diverticula surgically.

4. Gastroesophageal reflux. Burping is considered normal only in the first months of a child's life. They usually stop by four months.

If regurgitation occurs after eating in children over this age and has a sour odor, then they talk about gastroesophageal reflux. There are many reasons for its development: from overeating and irregular day regimen to congenital pathologies of the digestive tract.

5. Incorrect introduction of complementary foods. Too early introduction of unfamiliar products into the diet of infants, as well as their introduction in a large volume can cause an emetic reflex.

Thus, the body is trying to get rid of alien food, which the enzyme system of the baby is not yet able to digest.

In children, both younger and older, nausea and vomiting without fever are observed in the following cases:

Vomiting in a child without fever and diarrhea

1. Gastritis. May be accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The cause of gastritis in childhood can be medication, as well as eating unusual or exotic foods.

2. Swallowing a foreign object. Children often try to taste all sorts of objects and small toys. This can sometimes be swallowed. The subject irritates the gastric mucosa and causes its contraction. Blood may be present in the vomit.

3. Acute appendicitis. Often the first symptom of inflammation of the appendix is ​​a single vomiting. The temperature rise may not be immediately, it appears later, when the inflammatory reaction becomes more pronounced.

4. Food allergies. Vomiting is aimed at eliminating the allergen. Occurs after a short time after eating, may be accompanied by a rash on the skin or swelling of the mucous membranes.

5. Diseases of the central nervous system. This is the so-called cerebral vomiting, which is not associated with food intake, it has a stubborn character and does not become easier for the child from it. Observed with intracranial pressure, tumors.

6. Vomiting when coughing. A strong cough may end in a surge of gastric contents. And there is an explanation. The fact is that the cough center in the brain is located near the center of vomiting. When one is irritated, the other is irritated, and as a result, the contraction and emptying of the stomach occur.

What should parents do?

What should parents do if they vomit a child?

Since it is quite difficult for parents to determine why a child has vomiting without fever and diarrhea, the best thing to do in this situation is to create a child’s peace and a comfortable position. Then immediately call a doctor.

  1. The child must be kept upright. If it is still too small to stand or sit, then you need to put it in a half-sitting position, and turn your head to the side so that the vomit does not fall into the lungs.
  2. Start rehydration therapy. Dilute rehydron according to the instructions, and give the child 1-2 teaspoons.
  3. Stop feeding for a while.
  4. Observe the nature of vomitus and describe in detail how they looked to the visiting doctor.

Treatment should appoint a doctor when to apply?

The appearance of severe vomiting in a child without fever requires parents to immediately seek expert advice. Especially if your child is only a few weeks or months old.

At this age, the symptoms of serious illness are blurred due to immature body systems, and parents may underestimate the severity and severity of the situation.

It is better to play it safe by calling a doctor than to blame yourself in case of an irreparable situation.

What should not be done with vomiting?

  1. Refuse medical care.
  2. Flush the stomach. This procedure is only useful in case of poisoning. If there is no certainty that the child is poisoned, then washing can only worsen his condition.
  3. Give the baby antibiotics. Drugs in this group are forbidden to take without a doctor's prescription!
  4. Take antiemetic drugs. They must also be prescribed by a doctor if there is such a need.
  5. Give painkillers if the child has a stomachache. This will smear the clinical picture and it will be difficult for the doctor to establish a true diagnosis. Especially dangerous is the use of painkillers in the "acute abdomen." Typical symptoms will be temporarily blocked. This can lead to the development of such complications as peritonitis, for example, with late-diagnosed appendicitis.

The surest thing is to contact a specialist in childhood diseases as soon as possible. This will help avoid many complications.


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