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Causes of vomiting and fever in a child without diarrhea, treatment and first aid

Vomiting and temperature in the child (with / without diarrhea) - the response of the body to the products of the life of bacteria and toxic substances that can be produced in the body in diseases or come from the outside.

Vomiting in children appears against the background of nervous strains, with motion sickness, as receptors are located on the walls of internal organs that react to changes in body position during long trips.

Content

Common causes of vomiting and fever without diarrhea

Causes of vomiting and fever in a child without diarrhea

Vomiting is a signal of accumulation in the body of ketone bodies or the intake of toxins from food. Somatic diseases that are accompanied by temperature and vomiting are as follows:

  • Rotavirus infections;
  • Gastroenteritis;
  • Angina and laryngotracheitis;
  • Children's infectious diseases (measles, scarlet fever, rubella);
  • Meningitis;
  • Appendicitis.

Typical symptoms of appendicitis are high fever, vomiting, no diarrhea, abdominal pain of varying intensity, but of uncertain localization, more often in the peripodal region.

In young children, an accurate diagnosis is possible only in a hospital setting. With childhood infections, the following symptoms also appear:

  • The rise in temperature is accompanied by rashes (measles, chickenpox);
  • Reddening of pharynx;
  • Severe intoxication.

Viral diseases occur with symptoms of nasopharyngitis: a runny nose, pain when swallowing. Children under the age of two are especially vulnerable to rotavirus infection, the condition is complicated by diarrhea and dehydration.

Vomiting with such diseases as whooping cough, bronchitis, pneumonia, is associated with a cough, because the vomiting center is in close proximity to the cough. . Intestinal infections occur with diarrhea, which can join later .

Infectious lesions are characterized by outbreaks in schools or kindergartens.

кишечника проявляется следующей клиникой: Vomiting and fever in a child without diarrhea with intestinal diseases is manifested by the following clinic:

  • Severe pain in the abdomen;
  • Dehydration;
  • Vomiting multiple (more than 4-5 times / day);
  • General weakness.

Acute diseases of the abdominal cavity flow with pains in the abdomen against a background of vomiting and temperature, and intestinal infection is accompanied by diarrhea.

How to treat and what to do?

what to do with vomiting and temperature in a child, diagnosis The methods of care depend on the cause that caused the symptoms. If the child vomits 4-6 times a day, but the child is able to drink on his own, you need plenty of water to remove toxic substances from the body.

With severe vomiting, diarrhea may be absent or manifest only by relaxation of the stool. High temperature, as a sign of severe intoxication, repeated vomiting, even without diarrhea, requires immediate medical attention, as the child's dehydration occurs very quickly.

Symptoms of dehydration:

  • Dry skin;
  • Rapid weight loss;
  • Westing the fontanel;
  • Absence of urination more than four hours.

In newborns, this condition is caused by congenital abnormalities of the stomach - pyloric stenosis (narrowing of the stomach at the place of transition to the duodenum). With such pathology, food does not enter the intestine.

How to drink the baby at vomiting and temperature?

To help, always comes regidron, which you can buy at the pharmacy and follow the instructions for use. If this is not possible, then a salt solution for replenishing the electrolyte blood composition can be done independently.

After cooking, you need salt, sugar. In a ratio of 1: 5, dissolve in ½ liter of water (pre-boil), add 0.5 tsp. baking soda.

To water it is necessary in small portions on 10-20 ml, not to provoke a vomiting. After the gag reflex disappears, you can give 100 ml at a time. Calculation: 50 ml / kg / day of the child's weight.

The intake of food, carbonated drinks, broths, in this state, is excluded. With a strong cough appoint antitussive drugs, inhalation of sage and chamomile. From the diet are excluded fatty, sharp and fried dishes.

When should I see a doctor?

When should I see a doctor? In children under three years of age, the picture of the disease changes rapidly, in order to clarify the diagnosis, it is necessary to observe in the hospital. Urgent treatment, and call an ambulance require the following conditions:

  • Head injury with the development of vomiting and fever;
  • Multiple vomiting;
  • Accompanying abundant diarrhea;
  • The child can not drink water on his own;
  • Signs of dehydration;
  • The temperature is more than 39 degrees;
  • Lethargy, child's inhibition;
  • Abdominal pain.

If the temperature is subfebrile, there is no diarrhea, the child can drink - you can treat it at home, following the recommendations of the doctor (you need to see a doctor!).

Vomiting and fever without diarrhea: recommendations for home treatment

If the child has drunk detergents or other toxic agents, you should try to induce vomiting artificially to clear the stomach as soon as possible.

You can not give your child the means that block diarrhea, because diarrhea is a protective way to eliminate toxic substances.

Read the label on the toxic product inside! In some cases, it is forbidden to induce vomiting and can lead to poor health!

Before the examination of the doctor, it is possible to give activated charcoal and smectic. Other medications should not be given alone. Before the disappearance of symptoms of intoxication, it is better not to feed the baby.

After stopping vomiting, you should introduce the usual foods gradually, it is better to start with white crackers, liquid porridge, baked vegetables. Then the diet is supplemented with steam, not fatty cutlets and fat-free cottage cheese. Breastfeeding is continued in the usual volume.

The lost liquid can be replenished, except for the rehydron, with a decoction of raisins, chamomile tea, still water. Drink to take in a warm form. The dose of fluid is increased gradually, as vomiting decreases.

High fever and cough activates the gag reflex, so the use of antipyretic drugs (paracetamol) and antiemetic (metaclopramide) funds can stop vomiting and remove dehydration. Preference is given to drugs in the form of candles.

Vomiting can be a sign of a dangerous disease, but can develop against a background of functional disorders. Only supervision of the child, increased attention to him and adherence to the recommendations of the doctor, will be the key to successful treatment and children's health.

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