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Pink zoster in humans: symptoms and treatment, photo signs

Pink versicolor, despite its prevalence, is not well understood. The disease is considered conditionally infectious and proceeds with the formation of persistent immunity. However, cases of recurrence of the disease are not excluded.

The prevalence of pink lichen and the possibility of infection from person to person require from each knowledge of basic information about the disease - how does pink versicolor look in a person, what are the measures to prevent the spread of the disease and methods of its treatment.

Content

Pink lichen - what is it?

Pink versicolor

first maternal plaque (photo 1)

Pink lichen is a skin disease occurring against a background of reduced immunity (other names: Gibert versicolor or pitirias). The disease can occur at any age, but the maximum incidence is recorded at the age of 10-40 years.

The characteristic clinical picture - a flu-like onset with fever and malaise, the further appearance of pink spots - can be left without special attention from the patient and regarded as an allergic reaction or other skin disease (see photo). However, despite the similarity of symptoms, the treatment of rosy lichen in a person is completely different.

Pink lichen disappears after 6-8 weeks from the onset of the disease with the formation of persistent (lifelong) immunity, although in some cases, symptoms of the disease may recur in people with weakened immune defenses. In rare cases, pitiriasis can become chronic and provoke the development of eczema .

About the causes

Pink lichen photo

Pink lichen, photo 2

The true cause of pink lichen has not yet been determined. There are several hypotheses of the appearance of the disease: viral (associated with herpes infection), fungal and allergic. In any case, the disease is rosy lichen indicates immunodeficiency.

This condition explains the appearance of pink spots after hypothermia, severe stress and emotional overstrain, flu or ARVI.

Insufficiently studied the issue and the transfer of pink lichen from a sick person to a healthy one. It is possible infection through insect bites. Often the onset of the disease is associated with vaccination, intestinal upset and metabolic disorders.

Some doctors highlight the contact-household route of infection, but it is possible that infection through the air. However, for a healthy person with a strong immune system, rosy lichen is not terrible even when it comes into contact with a sick person.

Symptoms of pink depriving a person photo

Symptoms of pink lichen in a person

The onset of skin rash is preceded by a period similar to a viral infection. The first signs of pink lichen in a person are manifested as:

  1. Slight temperature increase, weakness;
  2. Joint and headaches;
  3. Slight sore throat, watery runny nose;
  4. Lack of appetite, poor sleep;
  5. Increased regional lymph nodes (most commonly cervical).

The disease quickly passes into the stage of skin rashes, with the appearance of the characteristic symptoms of pink lichen visible on a person - from the beginning one large (up to 4 cm in diameter), clearly limited spot appears - the maternal plaque. On a pink, slightly elevated above the healthy skin, the background is clearly distinguishable small scales. Most often the maternal plaque forms on the chest.

After 1-2 weeks, the disease spreads over the skin of the whole body, while smaller rashes appear symmetrically and reach 1-2 cm in diameter. Peeling spots are framed with bright pink edging, forming on the neck, shoulders and abdomen, thighs.

Pink-depriving symptoms

spread of the disease over the body

It is rarely that similar symptoms of pink lichen are found on the face. Their mass appearance continues up to 2-3 weeks, after which the stage of regression begins (gradual extinction). Usually, the disease does not cause itching. However, the self-disappearance of spots is accompanied by dry skin, which may cause a desire to scratch the affected area.

Sometimes the disease occurs with the formation of a blistering rash. Point or merging elements can reach 8 cm in diameter, but their number throughout the body is quite small.

For an atypical clinical form of pink lichen, a chronic course is especially characteristic. The disease usually lasts 1 month, less often from the moment of appearance of the maternal plaque until recovery takes place 2 months.

  • Pink lichen in children is extremely rare, and recovery occurs in 2 times faster.

The rash gradually disappears without any special treatment, with the formation of little visible pigmentation or leucoderma lesions (skin discoloration), which also disappear on their own after 1 month.

Pink lichen treatment - ointments, preparations and recommendations

Pink lichen treatment

In most cases, medical treatment for rosy lichen does not require (antibiotics are used only when attaching a secondary infection, and ointment from itching). However, to exclude infection (streptoderma) and prevent the development of eczema during illness, certain rules should be followed.

Recommendations for patients with rosy lichen:

  • Bathing is excluded. A hygienic shower (not with hot water!) Is taken with soft remedies (with the exception of drying out the skin) and a washcloth that does not scratch the skin. Washing is a must; regular sweat irritates damaged skin and aggravates the course of pitiriasis.
  • If possible, exclude exposure to the sun: unlike other skin diseases, the sun's rays with rosy robs will negatively affect the course of the disease.
  • Wear only linen from natural fabrics, abandon synthetics and woolen clothes.
  • To eliminate heavy physical exertion and experiences.
  • The patient must select an individual towel, regularly change the underwear and bed linen.
  • Diet - abandon spicy, salty, smoked meat and marinades. To exclude alcohol and coffee, potentially allergenic products: eggs, citrus, honey, chocolate, fish, nuts. The menu should be full of fruits and vegetables.

Drug therapy

The use of certain drugs is aimed at preventing complications. нельзя применять йод, спирт, средства с салициловой кислотой (включая косметические лосьоны), мази с серой, дегтярное мыло! In no case can i apply iodine, alcohol, products with salicylic acid (including cosmetic lotions), ointment with sulfur, tar soap!

All of these drugs cause severe irritation of the skin and increase its dryness, causing itching.

Preparations for the treatment of rosy lichen in humans:

  • Antihistamine tablets (Claritin, Suprastin, Zyrtec) - soothe itching. It should be borne in mind that some of them cause drowsiness and are not recommended for use in people driving a vehicle.
  • Corticosteroid agents - are used in the form of ointments (Hydrocortisone, Hyoxysone, Prednisolone and others) and only in cases of severe itching and prolonged course of the disease. Hormonal agents, although they quickly level painful symptoms, have a negative effect not only on the skin (they cause atrophic changes), but also on the whole organism.
  • Antibiotics - antibacterial creams (including the combined means of the Triderm type) are indicated upon the addition of an infection.
  • Multivitamin complexes (Vitrum, Alphabet, etc.) - strengthen the immune system and compensate for the lack of vitamins in the body.
  • Antiviral ointments (Zovirax, Acyclovir) - suitable for external use in the formation of bubbles, applied for 5-10 days, 5 times a day. They accelerate the drying of bubbles and prevent the formation of new elements.

Folk treatments for pink lichen

Homemade recipes can be a good help in the treatment of pitiriasis. However, extreme methods - cauterization with juice of celandine and apple cider vinegar, smearing with hot brown liquid released during the burning of a newspaper roll - can even be dangerous.

Folk remedies for pink lichen, in the first place, should not irritate the skin and contribute to the spread of the disease! This also applies to the use of various compresses.

It is permissible to regularly lubricate the affected areas of the skin with water infusions of herbs with antiseptic and antipruritic properties: calendula (calendula based on petroleum jelly is especially effective), chamomile, horsetail, elderberry (oral).

  • As a plant immunostimulant can be used echinacea, aloe syrup and lemongrass (taken orally).

Only a qualified dermatologist will be able to differentiate the lichen pink from another skin pathology. Treatment of pink lichen in a person must necessarily be carried out by a doctor, self-medication is fraught with chronization of the pathological process.

Hardening of the body and daily walks, observance of the rules of rational nutrition and emotional stability play an important role in the speedy recovery. These activities will help avoid eczema and streptoderma, provide the fastest possible recovery.

Interesting
Olga
2017-02-22 06:53:13
Thank you very much for the article, everything is clear and instructive!

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