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Heel spur: symptoms and treatment at home

Heel pain can be caused by various causes, and one of them is the development of heel spurs, or plantar fasciitis. The disease is accompanied by bone growth and inflammation.

The pain occurs due to the constant trauma of the tissues surrounding the bone. The factors that trigger the formation of the heel spur, the symptoms and the treatment of fasciitis are described below.

What is this disease?

The heel spur is a spike in the form of a spike in the zone of the heel bone or near the Achilles tendon. Most often, the pathology is detected in people of middle and old age, and in women the predisposition is higher.

Heel spur The fascia of the sole (tendon plate - aponeurosis) is attached to the metatarsal bones and the calcaneal tubercle, providing support to the arch of the foot. When a person is standing, she is under pressure of half the weight of the whole body, while the tissues in the area of ​​attachment of the aponeurosis experience the maximum load.

Over time, microdamages may appear, which usually regenerate on their own. But the constant load and a number of other factors lead to inflammation and pain in the heel, against the background of this, bony marginal outgrowths, or osteophytes, are formed, and the heel spur develops.

Causes of heel spurs:

  • flat feet and other factors that increase the load on the heel, for example, intensive exercise;
  • age-related bone changes;
  • overweight;
  • foot injuries and their complications;
  • damage to nerve fibers;
  • rheumatism;
  • leg vessel diseases;
  • gout ;
  • arthritis.

Content

Symptoms of heel spurs

Symptoms of heel spurs

The main symptom of the heel spur is severe pain when walking and any pressure on the heel. It is caused by the effect of bone growth on the surrounding tissue. The severity of pain depends not so much on the size of the growth, but on its localization.

The closer the spur is to the nerve endings, the more intense the pain, even with a small amount of growth.

In the first stages, pain appears when walking and pressure on the heel, and then it appears without any impact on the affected area. This is due to the fact that as the disease progresses, insoluble calcium salts accumulate in the injured tissues, which are partially scarring. They irritate the tissues and provoke or strengthen the inflammatory process in them.

At the initial stage of the heel spur, pain arises sharply when resting on the heel, and it is especially strong in the morning after lifting or after any prolonged stationary rest.

This symptom is called the starting pain, which, when walking during the day, subsides a bit, and in the evening, as a result of prolonged exercise and the accumulation of fatigue, it again increases.

Because of the painful sensations, the gait changes - when walking, a person tries to involuntarily lean on the heel so as to reduce the intensity of the pain. The center of gravity often shifts to the edge of the foot, due to which transverse flatfoot develops over time. Especially noticeable gait changes if heel spurs are present on both legs.

Heel pain is not always a sign of fasciitis and may appear in the case of Reiter's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis . Therefore, it is important to visit an orthopedist, a surgeon, a rheumatologist and undergo a full examination. Laboratory tests of blood and urine, an X-ray of the foot and an ultrasound examination allow for accurate diagnosis.

Treatment of heel spurs - drugs and techniques

Heel Spur Treatment

The choice of treatment for heel spurs is determined by the stage of the lesion. It can be used:

  • drug therapy;
  • physiotherapy;
  • surgical intervention;
  • auxiliary means of traditional medicine.

Medicines

Preparations for the treatment of heel spurs:

  1. NSAIDs - orally, in the form of injections or administered by phonophoresis (Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, Ketoprofen).
  2. Local anti-inflammatory drugs - gels, patches, creams, ointments. They can be either nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory or hormonal (hydrocortisone, indomethacin, diclofenac, voltaren).
  3. Local anesthetics - shown to relieve pain, or the so-called blockade of the calcaneal spur (Novocain, Betamethasone). Diprospan is also used from glucocorticoids for this purpose - it is injected once into the affected area.

Physiotherapy

In addition to medical gymnastics and massage, physiotherapeutic procedures help to reduce pain and improve the movement of blood and lymph in the foot:

  • ultraviolet irradiation;
  • electrophoresis with potassium iodide or Novocain;
  • magnetic therapy;
  • therapy with high-frequency electric field (UHF-treatment);
  • medicated foot baths.

You should also regularly use special orthopedic insoles. When the heel spur, they fix the foot, and the heel is in a somewhat elevated position, which reduces the intensity of pain.

Surgical intervention

Indications for surgery are the ineffectiveness of drug treatment and severe pain. Surgical treatment gives one hundred percent result, but to the removal of the spur resort in the most extreme cases.

Most of the heel spurs are successfully treated without surgery.

Treatment of heel spurs at home

For the treatment of heel spurs in the home are used different methods, but they should not be replaced with drug therapy prescribed by the doctor. The following are effective as additional funds:

  • Warming up the heel with a solution of bischofite, which need to moisten gauze, apply it overnight and remove it in the morning, thoroughly washing the skin of the remnants of a compress. The course is 10-15 procedures.
  • Hot baths with sea or table salt at the rate of 3 tbsp. l per liter of water. The procedure is performed daily at bedtime for 25-30 minutes. After not washing your feet, wipe your skin dry and put on terry or wool socks overnight.
  • Iodine in the heel spur is also effective. For treatment in the morning and evening on the heel need to apply iodine mesh. It is also useful to make hot baths with iodine and baking soda.
  • At bedtime, after steaming the legs, a compress with medical bile can be applied. Means lubricate the heel and close it with cling film. The course is conducted until relief comes.
  • Within three weeks, you can make a gauze compress with a mixture of mummy powder (2 tablets), sabelnik tinctures (4 tsp.) And pork or goose fat (1/2 tbsp. L.). Ointment is applied every day for 3-4 hours.

In the national treatment of heel spurs, they often use a balm with a golden mustache, baths with turpentine (3 tbsp. Per 5 l of water) or a decoction of such herbs as wormwood, mallow, nettle and burdock, taken in equal parts, (2 tbsp. mixtures to 2 liters of water).

Forecast

With the heel spur, the prognosis is favorable, if the treatment is started on time and is prescribed by a specialist. The long-term development of fasciitis not only brings tangible discomfort and pain into everyday life, sometimes with the need to comply with bed rest for 3-4 months or longer, but is fraught with complications such as damage to nerve fibers, reduced mobility, and breaking off osteophyte.

Preventive measures

Prevention of heel spurs is as follows:

  • weight loss and active lifestyle;
  • avoidance of excessive loads on the feet;
  • timely treatment of pathologies of the spine and joints;
  • prevention of flatfoot, and if available, wearing orthopedic insoles and shoes;
  • appeal to a specialist at the first suspicion of the heel spur.
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