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Stroke prevention in children and adults

Currently, stroke is not uncommon and can occur in both adults and children. This pathology is dangerous for its consequences, which can lead to a number of neurological complications. To avoid such a dangerous condition, you should not forget about preventive measures.

Content

What is pathology and its types

A stroke is an acute violation of cerebral circulation in a certain area, which can be manifested by a mass of neurological symptoms. If certain measures were not taken to treat this pathology, then there are dangerous consequences in the form of loss of functionality of certain organs and systems for which the affected area of ​​the brain was responsible.

Pitchfork stroke:

  1. Ischemic - due to violations in the lumen of the vessels: clogged with blood clots, as well as pathological narrowing.
  2. Hemorrhagic - occurs as a result of thinning of the walls of blood vessels, at which they break with the outpouring of blood in a certain area of ​​the brain.
  3. Subarachnoid - hemorrhage occurs due to injury.

Risk factors for stroke:

  • alcohol and nicotine abuse;
  • significant amount of excess weight;
  • inactive lifestyle and lack of physical activity;
  • unhealthy diet;
  • elevated blood cholesterol;
  • diabetes;
  • heart disease;
  • high blood pressure;
  • stress and depressive disorders;
  • brain injury;
  • vascular pathology.

Types of stroke - gallery

Causes of stroke - video

Prevention

Primary prevention of stroke is aimed at reducing the risk of acute circulatory disorders of the brain. Basic measures:

  1. Regulation of the diet. It is necessary to revise the menu and exclude from it food that can raise the level of cholesterol in the blood. This is primarily all fried and fatty dishes. In addition, it is recommended to reduce the use of alcohol and salt, which leads to an increase in blood pressure. It is necessary to enrich the diet with fiber, cereals, boiled and steam fish, fresh juices.
  2. Prevention of overwork. To do this, sleep at least 8 hours a day. Be sure to comply with the mode of work and rest. Try not to overwork.
  3. Taking drugs that reduce the risk of stroke. These drugs include aspirin in small doses, which is indicated for women and men over 45 years of age, when the risk of thrombosis is especially high. Preventive reception of Cardiomagnyl is recommended in the presence of heart failure. With elevated pressure shows a course of antihypertensive drugs: Enalapril, Adelfan and others. In addition, the treatment is complemented by medications that help improve cerebral circulation (Nootropil).
  4. Physiotherapy. For this, regular exercise is shown. You can do yoga or perform a simple complex of morning exercises. Recommended walks in the fresh air at least 1 time a day.

Secondary prevention is to exclude re-stroke. To do this, as in the first case, you should regulate your diet, observe the regime of rest and work, do gymnastics and take drugs that contribute to blood thinning (Warfarin) and reduce pressure. Particular attention should be paid to drugs that improve cerebral circulation and nutrition. For this purpose, nootropic agents are prescribed: Nootropil, Tanakan and others.

Primary and secondary prevention of heart attack can not be carried out without constant monitoring of blood pressure. If the blood pressure is constantly increasing, then the course administration of antihypertensive drugs and diuretic drugs is indicated. Pressure should be measured 2 times a day. In the morning, immediately after waking up and in the evening, before going to bed.

Features of prevention in women and men

Additional especially prevention of stroke in women are as follows:

  • control of cholesterol level and blood viscosity when taking oral contraceptives and other hormonal agents over 35 years old;
  • Quitting smoking and eating fast food;
  • weight regulation over the age of 30 years;
  • control of blood pressure during menopause;
  • reducing the negative effects of stress.

Prevention in pregnant women additionally provides for:

  • quiet during pregnancy without excessive emotional stress;
  • frequent walks in the fresh air;
  • taking vitamins;
  • control of blood pressure (especially in the last trimester, when fluid retention is a constant companion).

Precautions for men:

  • quitting smoking and alcohol;
  • active lifestyle;
  • prevention of cardiovascular diseases: taking anticoagulants and vitamins;
  • control of blood pressure;
  • overwork exclusion.
stroke prevention

An important task in the prevention of stroke is the constant monitoring of blood pressure.

Prevention of stroke in children and adolescents

The main preventive measure for children and adolescents is a balanced diet. From an early age, you need to teach your child to eat right. It is necessary to exclude chips, chewing gum, sweet soda and watch what children eat. It is also recommended to control the weight of the child, trying not to feed him meals containing high amounts of fat and carbohydrates. Since childhood, you need to instill in the child the habit of eating right. Instead of sweets, give your baby more fruit.

In adolescence, overwork can be the main trigger factor. A large amount of the school curriculum often leads to a still fragile organism to stress, the flow of oxygen to the brain worsens. Therefore, it is important to adjust the mental load, alternating it with rest.

How to recognize a stroke

Stroke can occur at any age.

Folk Remedies

Traditional methods of stroke prevention are the use of recipes that can strengthen blood vessels and lower cholesterol, as well as blood pressure.

The most effective ones are:

  1. Means for the regulation of pressure. For its preparation, you need the juice of whole lemon and 200 g of honey, which must be mixed in a glass container and taken 3 times a day in an amount of 1 tsp. course up to 2 weeks. Reception should be carried out 30 minutes before meals, provided that the acidity of the stomach is not increased and there are no ulcerative lesions.
  2. Linden decoction to reduce cholesterol in the blood. For its preparation will require 2 tbsp. l dry raw materials and 0.5 liters of boiling water, which should pour dried flowers and put on low heat. Boil linden need no more than 5 minutes. then let it stand for a quarter of an hour and you can drink half a glass 2 times a day for 2 weeks.
  3. Means to strengthen the cerebral vessels. For this purpose, honey, preferably liquid, and 50 g of walnuts and almonds are required. It is necessary to prepare a glass jar in advance. 200 g of honey should be put in a jar and add the specified number of pre-chopped nuts. Mix everything thoroughly and take 1 tsp. 3 times a day for 3 weeks 30 minutes before meals.

Recipes of traditional medicine - gallery

First Aid - Video

Timely prevention of stroke contributes to the prevention of dangerous consequences, including paralysis and necrosis of certain parts of the brain. Pathology prevention measures give positive results and good predictions.

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