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Hot flashes during menopause: symptoms and types of treatment

What is it, hot flashes in menopause, and what are the symptoms? Let's start from the beginning - the onset of menopause is associated with drastic hormonal changes in the body of a woman who cannot go unnoticed.

Reproductive functions are lost, and with them decreases and the level of concentration of estrogen in the blood. The consequence of this are hot flashes in menopause - the symptoms of a special transitional state of the female body:

An unexpected sensation of heat. It occurs because the body is trying to eliminate the lack of estrogen. The pituitary gland and the hypothalamus send nerve impulses to the ovaries so that they begin an enhanced production of female sex hormones.

However, the ovaries are no longer able to produce the same amount of estrogen, and since estrogens affect thermoregulation, a signal comes to the brain that the body is overheating.

Sudden heavy sweating. As soon as the hypothalamus receives a false signal of overheating, it sends a nerve impulse to the sweat glands so that they can begin an emergency cooling of the body. There is a relationship between the two symptoms: the stronger the sensation of heat, the more intense the sweating will be.

Palpitations. A signal of overheating provokes the hypothalamus to send nerve impulses to the cardiovascular system. To improve the heat transfer the heart begins to beat more often, and the vessels expand.

Dizziness, weakness. This is another consequence of the reaction of the hypothalamus to the signal of overheating. The brain begins to save the body from imminent danger and its task is to ensure inactivity to maintain strength and reduce body temperature.


What triggers the tide?

Flushing with menopause symptoms and treatment

The only cause of hot flashes is estrogen deficiency. But there are external factors that can trigger the appearance of this particular menopause at a particular time or in a particular place. Since the mechanism of the formation of the tide is associated with overheating, then as a provocateur of such a condition it can be noted:

  • Too warm clothes;
  • Long work with the hair dryer, the iron;
  • Long cooking, which requires constant contact with the oven, stove or stove;
  • Hot shower or bath, sauna or bath;
  • Long stay in the heat.

This does not mean that the tide will necessarily come if the woman is in the bath or engaged in ironing. Just when interacting with heat sources, the probability of its occurrence is doubled.

How to relieve hot flashes with menopause without drugs?

Treatment of hot flashes in menopause without medication is aimed at preventing situations that could be a tide provocateur. Often the doctor prescribes such recommendations to enhance the effect of drug therapy:

Breathing - in stuffy rooms it is necessary to breathe slowly and deeply. Such tactics will not only help the body cool down, but also calm the nerves.

Clothes - in order to avoid overheating and stagnation of fluid in the tissues, it is necessary to abandon tight-fitting things. It is preferable to use loose-fitting cotton clothing.

The use of liquid - In the day you need to drink at least 2 liters of water. This will avoid dehydration, which can cause hot flashes. However, if you use this amount of liquid, you need to lead an active lifestyle, otherwise there is a risk of edema.

Sports - to reduce the number of tides is useful to engage in swimming. Firstly, even with strong physical exertion, the body will be constantly cooled. Secondly, water relaxes muscle tone and has a beneficial effect on the nervous system.

Medical treatment of hot flashes

Completely get rid of the manifestations of menopause is impossible, but with the help of certain drugs have a chance to reduce the frequency of attacks. All funds for the treatment of hot flashes in menopause can be divided into non-hormonal drugs (sedative and lowering blood pressure) and hormonal (synthetic or vegetable analogues of estrogen).

Despite the availability of many of them, self-prescribing therapy is dangerous.

  • Firstly, uncontrolled hormonal drugs can cause the appearance of cancer during menopause.
  • Secondly, self-medication, lowering blood pressure, can significantly impair health.

Treatment of hot flashes with menopause without hormones

Treatment of hot flashes with menopause without hormones

Sedatives - one of the factors provoking the onset of sensations of heat, is stress. If a woman’s life is accompanied by constant stressful situations, the doctor may prescribe non-hormonal drugs for menopause from hot flashes, in the form of sedative drugs — motherwort, valerian, Afobazol, Novo-Passit, Glycine, Tenoten.

They have a mild sedative effect and are not addictive. However, they need to take daily course. Reception of the drug directly at high tide will not be able to eliminate unpleasant sensations, since the effect of all these sedatives is enhanced only with increasing concentration in the body.

Means lowering blood pressure - high blood pressure can also cause tide. If the increase is insignificant and the patient does not suffer from hypertension, then treatment is not carried out.

But in the event that cases of increased blood pressure are not isolated and the doctor sees a direct relationship between hypertensive crisis and worsening manifestations of hot flashes, then drugs such as Metoprolol, Acbutolol, Egilok can be included in the composition of drug therapy.

Hormone therapy

Treatment of hot flashes in menopause without the participation of hormones is not always possible. Gynecologists note that in most cases, hormone replacement therapy is the only way out for women experiencing menopause.

All hormonal agents can be divided into synthetic drugs and herbal drugs. Among women there are beliefs that phytoestrogens are harmless and the use of herbs is the best option for treating hot flashes. This encourages many older patients to self-medicate.

It must be remembered - phytoestrogens can have an effect that is not inferior to the effect of synthetic analogues of estradiol, estriol and estrone.

If the optimal doses are not determined, and the use of herbs is unauthorized, such treatment will lead to hormonal disruption , which not only aggravates the symptoms of hot flashes, but will also contribute to the emergence of new serious diseases (endometriosis, tumor growth).

Therefore, all hormonal treatment, including the use of phytoestrogens, must be agreed to by the attending physician - he will prescribe a treatment regimen based on the results of examinations.

Synthetic analogues of estrogen - Estrofem, Divigel, Premarin, Proginova, Gemafemin, Ginodian-Depot (injection). It is necessary to accept systematically, without admissions. After a month of treatment, the tides will become more rare and will have less pronounced symptoms. After completing the course, the effect of therapy will continue for several months.

Combined oral contraceptives - Diane 35, Yarin, Jess. Contain 2 types of hormones: estradiol and progesterone. Appointed in cases where the production of progestins in the body decreases as significantly as the production of estrogen.

Hormonal phytotherapy

Hormonal phytotherapy

  • Knotweed grass (mountaineer) - 1 tablespoon pour half a cup of boiling water. Insist 2 hours, divided into 2 portions. One of them to drink in the morning, the other - in the evening.
  • Sage - 2 tablespoons pour a glass of boiling water. Insist in a dark place, drink a glass every day, preferably at one time.
  • Corn oil - no dosage is required, you just need to replace them with regular sunflower oil. As an independent means to increase the level of estrogen is not suitable, but will enhance the effect of the use of other phytohormones.
  • Pineapple, grapefruit - eating these fruits will increase the concentration of female sex hormones in the blood, but it should be daily. Use as an adjunct to herbal herbal medicine.

There are preparations based on herbal extracts that can be prescribed as homeopathic remedies for treating hot flashes: Remens, Klimafen, Dopelgertz active menopause.

2017-03-05 11:47:38
The symptoms of menopause didn't bother me much. In general, I’m not focusing on diseases in life, so I have never been very sick. As the cycle began to stray, I went to the doctor, and they told me that this was the beginning of menopause and they prescribed Klimaxan. Immediately I began to take it, so the “flushes” and sweating caught me a little, after 2 months of reception I took a break, after half a year I will continue to take it again.
Polina Diveeva
2017-05-11 08:31:23
very relevant

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