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Polyps in the gallbladder: symptoms, treatment and removal

Polyps in the gallbladder are neoplasms of benign nature, spreading over the surface of the bladder. Formations can be located singly or in groups, merging with each other. Under the influence of some factors, they can malignize (turn into cancer).

Content

Polyp in the gallbladder, what to do?

Depending on the nature of the origin of the disease, several types of polyps are distinguished:

  1. Inflammatory - are formed as a result of a chronic or long-lasting infectious process in the gallbladder, against the background of which the organ epithelium begins to granulate and grow intensively;
  2. Polyp-papilloma - benign papillary formation on the mucous membrane of the bladder;
  3. Adenomatous - a benign formation is formed in the thickness of the mucous membrane of the bladder;
  4. Cholesterol - formed as a result of the accumulation and deposition of cholesterol on the walls of the body.

With the development of clinical symptoms of the disease, obvious dysfunction of the digestive tract, the patient should consult a general practitioner for a detailed examination and diagnosis. The most common cholesterol polyp in the gallbladder.

What to do with a polyp in the gall bladder

No doctor can give the exact reasons for the development of polyps, however, there is some tendency to the disease when the following factors are affected by the body:

  • Improper nutrition - the predominance of fatty and fried foods in the diet, excess carbohydrates, as a result of which the composition of bile changes and cholesterol can be deposited on the walls of the bladder;
  • Immunosuppression - often ill people with chronic diseases are more susceptible to the formation of polyps;
  • Concomitant inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract;
  • Stress;
  • Genetic factor - if there were cases of polyposis in the genus, then there is a high risk of transmission of pathology through the generation.

Signs and symptoms of polyps in the gallbladder

symptoms of polyps in the gall bladder

Since, as a result of the formation of polyps in the bladder, the organ functions are disturbed, the patient will be disturbed by the following symptoms:

  • Dull and nagging pains in the right hypochondrium;
  • Nausea, vomiting;
  • Heartburn, belching;
  • Feeling of unpleasant taste and bitterness in the mouth;
  • Spasmodic pains like biliary colic;
  • Stool changes - diarrhea or constipation;
  • Abdominal distention, gas production.

Yellowing of the skin and mucous membranes, which indicates that the polyp squeezes the walls of the bile ducts, resulting in disrupted bile flow.

Polyps in the gallbladder: is it dangerous?

Polyps formed in the gallbladder pose a threat to the patient's health, since the tumor can grow and progress, which leads to deterioration of the function of the bladder, and accordingly, to the disruption of other organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

Polyps prevent the complete outflow of bile, which leads to its stagnation and the formation of gallstones . Concrements can injure the mucous membrane of the gallbladder and cause bouts of severe biliary colic. In addition, the disease can eventually develop into cancer.

Diagnosis of polyps in the gallbladder

Diagnosis of polyps in the gallbladder

The main method of diagnosis of polyposis is abdominal ultrasound. The study allows you to accurately determine the size of the polyp, the place of its localization and the presence of comorbidities, such as inflammation of the gallbladder.

Since the clinical picture of the disease is similar to other pathologies of the digestive tract organs, sometimes the patient is additionally carried out an endoscopic examination of the duodenum.

The endoscope is equipped with a miniature built-in video camera, which allows you to detect the pathology of the gallbladder due to its proximity to the duodenum.

If a disease is reborn as a cancer patient, an additional MRI and computed tomography scan is prescribed.

Treatment of polyps in the gallbladder

Ursofalk Many patients who have been diagnosed with this disease are interested in the question: can a polyp in the gallbladder resolve itself? This is possible in the case of a cholesterol polyp.

The neoplasm consists of cholesterol deposits on the walls of the bladder, therefore, adherence to a special diet with a low level of fats and carbohydrates, as well as medication, diluting bile and facilitating its excretion, help to improve the function of the organ and promote independent destruction of the polyp.

At the initial stage of the development of the disease, physicians use conservative methods for treating choleretic drugs, dieting and performing simple physical exercises.

The drugs Ursofalk, Ursosan and Ursohol have proven themselves well - they reduce the viscosity of bile, destroy cholesterol deposits and help to reduce the gall bladder, as a result of which Oddi's sphincter opens and bile is released into the intestine.

These drugs can be taken only on the recommendation of a specialist and after a preliminary comprehensive examination, since the drugs have serious contraindications, one of which is the exacerbation of chronic calculous cholecystitis.

To relieve spasms and pains in the right hypochondrium, it is permissible to take No-shpy or Papaverina tablets while aggravating unpleasant symptoms.

Removal of polyps in the gall bladder

Removal of polyps in the gall bladder

Gall bladder with a polyp, photo

With the progression of polyposis and the lack of effect of conservative treatment, physicians carefully evaluate the patient’s condition; if it worsens, they resort to surgical removal of polyps.

Treatment without surgery is possible only if the neoplasms do not progress in growth and do not disturb with their presence the functioning of other digestive organs.

In such a situation, the patient is taken to the dispensary account under observation. Several times a year, the patient must undergo a medical examination to assess the dynamics of polyposis.

In the absence of exacerbations of cholecystitis, the patient may resort to traditional methods of treatment of gallbladder polyps:

  • Celandine and chamomile - take 1 spoon and pour a liter of boiling water and keep in a water bath for 10 minutes, then cool, strain and drink half a cup before each meal. This infusion helps to eliminate the inflammatory process in the bladder, reduces the viscosity of bile, improves its outflow;
  • Flax seeds - 1 teaspoon of seeds pour a glass of boiling water and let cool, then drink the resulting "Kissel" along with the seeds. This infusion envelops the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract, enhances the contractility of the gallbladder and ensures the outflow of stagnant bile;
  • Tansy and burdock - 1 tablespoon of herbs, pour 1 liter of hot water and bring to a boil in a water bath. Cool the broth, strain and take 0.5 cups 3 times a day.

Diet for polyps in the gall bladder

For any dysfunction of the gallbladder, including polyps, the patient is prescribed a medical diet No. 5, the purpose of which is chemical, thermal and mechanical cleansing of the digestive tract organs. The following products are completely excluded from the diet:

  1. Spices, spices, vinegar;
  2. Smoked meat, lard;
  3. Offal;
  4. Sausages;
  5. Strong meat, mushroom and fish broths;
  6. Fresh bread and pastry;
  7. Chocolate, cocoa, coffee;
  8. Alcohol.

Frying of food is unacceptable, all products should be cooked by stewing, baking (without a crust) or boiling. It is better to eat food fractional 5-6 times a day in small portions.

The first dishes are prepared on vegetable broth, it is permissible to fill with raw egg yolk at the end of cooking.

Butter sharply limit or completely replace vegetable. Bread is best yesterday's stale or wholegrain.

Polyp of the gallbladder, ICD code 10

In the international classification of diseases (ICD 10) gallbladder polyp is:

Class XI. Diseases of the digestive organs (K00 — K93)

K80-K87 - Diseases of the gallbladder, biliary tract and pancreas

  • K87 - Lesions of the gallbladder, biliary tract and pancreas in diseases classified elsewhere
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