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Gout on the big toe - symptoms, treatment, diet, photo

Gout, in medical terminology, is called gouty arthritis. It is characterized by the presence of urea salts, which crystallize and are deposited in the articular tissues. The most common damage to the joints of the fingers and toes - let's consider what kind of a disease is gout.

The disease affects mainly men after 40 years, less often women during menopause and after it. According to statistics, only 3 out of 1000 patients are diagnosed with this disease.

Doctors have compiled a list of risk factors that may cause development:

  • unhealthy diet;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • the presence of violations in the endocrine system;
  • hypertension.

Content

Symptoms of gout of legs and fingers, photo

gout development photo

The main symptom of gout is an acute inflammatory process that develops in the joint of the finger of the lower or upper limb. This primary symptom in medicine is called an arthritic attack or an arthritic "attack."

The process, which causes pronounced inflammation, is based on the “getting” of uric acid salt crystals from the articular tissues into the articular cavity. The most common gout joints of the big toe, foot, ankle.

gout-fingers-hands-photos

photo of gout on fingers

The first signs of gout are the presence of an inflammatory focus in the joint, in 95% of cases they are observed at night or in the evening. Factors predisposing to the development of such a state may include:

  • taking drugs that have diuretic properties;
  • various surgical interventions;
  • excessive load on the joint, for example, when playing sports, long running or walking, especially in uncomfortable shoes;
  • injury, regardless of its severity;
  • use of alcohol-containing products.

The second characteristic symptom of big gout toe is a pronounced pain syndrome in the affected area. The pain can be "spilled" in nature, that is, spread to the entire limb. Another sign of gout is called a change in bone tissue in the area of ​​the diseased joint.

The following symptoms of gouty "attack" are hyperemia and swelling of the soft tissues in the area of ​​the affected joint. These manifestations may also include nearby limb areas.

gout on the big toe pics

gout on the big toe pics

An attack of gout can be accompanied by fever, general weakness, headaches, chills and the formation of tophi - visible painful "nodules" that show through the skin in the area of ​​auricles, Achilles tendons, elbows.

Their sizes range from 1-2 mm to 1-2 cm in diameter. Sometimes they can spontaneously be opened and the contents that have a whitish color and a cheesy texture come out. It is extremely rare, but tophi are localized not only in the indicated zones, but also in the tissues of internal organs, for example, of heart valves.

An acute attack, even in the absence of appropriate treatment, "fades away" within 2-3 days. If gout is characterized by a severe course, the attack can last for about a week.

The period between the first and second gouty attack can be from six months to 2 years. All this time, the disease is in remission. In some patients, this period is delayed to several years and even decades, but such cases are exceptional. Over time, in the absence of proper therapy, the period between gouty "attacks" is reduced.

Diagnostic procedures

In order to refute or confirm the diagnosis of the disease "gout" doctors conduct a series of laboratory and hardware research (tests).

Radiography

In the early stages of the pathology, the diagnosis will not show significant changes in the structure of the bone tissue of the joint. But, in the later stages of gout development, with the help of X-rays, you can evaluate:

  • the degree of compaction of the soft tissues surrounding the affected joint;
  • the degree of erosion of the articular tissues;
  • bone defect of the joint;
  • severity of marginal osteophytosis;
  • how much the narrowing of the lumen of the articular fissures occurred

Analyzes

When conducting laboratory studies, the following indicators are taken into account:

  • white blood cell count;
  • ESR;
  • the amount of triglycerides in the blood cells;
  • degree of urine density;
  • the volume of urea and serum (comparison of two indicators);
  • urea clearance;
  • the degree of viscosity of the synovial fluid, the fence of which is made from the "bag" of the affected joint.

Treatment of gout of the legs and thumb

Big Gout Treatment

Gout treatment consists of a set of activities aimed at:

  • to prevent the development of gouty "attack";
  • to relieve symptomatic manifestations of a gouty attack;
  • for the treatment of related disorders;
  • to reduce the concentration of uric acid compounds in the body;
  • for the treatment of gout of the toe and hands when the disease is chronically.

In order to achieve positive results in relation to the above tasks, patients may be prescribed certain medications.

  1. Urodan.
  2. Atofan.
  3. Zoxazolamine.
  4. Allopurinol.
  5. Benemid.
  6. Ketazon.
  7. Anturan.
  8. Butadion.

In addition to these drugs, the doctor, if necessary, prescribes the patient to receive anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, and also recommends the use of "living" water. This water is alkaline, its medicinal properties have the following effects on the body:

  • improvement of blood flow and trophic processes occurring in the tissues;
  • stimulation of cell regeneration;
  • normalization of metabolism;
  • excretion of toxins and their decay products;
  • strengthening the immune system.

Gout thumb diet

Patients who have been diagnosed with gout finger, treatment is prescribed and taking into account compliance with a specific diet.

Some foods should be excluded from the diet.

  1. Offal (brains, liver, tongue, kidney).
  2. High-fat fish and meat varieties.
  3. Meat young animals.
  4. Smoked meats.
  5. Refractory fat (pork, mutton).
  6. Salting.
  7. Conservation.
  8. Broths made from meat and fish.

If possible, limit the use of:

  • mushrooms;
  • lentils;
  • legumes;
  • chocolate;
  • cocoa, tea, coffee;
  • cauliflower;
  • spinach.

The patient is allowed to use:

  • no more than ½ tsp salt per day. And the dishes must be salted in the finished form. But the ideal option would be a complete rejection of salt intake;
  • once a week to eat no more than 300 g of boiled meat with a low percentage of fat;
  • cream, ghee and vegetable oils (not more than 10 g / day);
  • all kinds of cereals;
  • cheeses, including processed;
  • milk;
  • serum;
  • cream;
  • kefir;
  • potatoes;
  • eggs;
  • bread;
  • fruits, berries, vegetables (except those that are prohibited). Especially useful will be the use of raw vegetables.

Treatment of finger gout folk remedies

Treatment of gout folk remedies

Egg ointment

Place a raw chicken egg in a glass bowl. Fill it with strong homemade fermented wine or grape vinegar (200 ml). Place the container in a dark place for 5 days.

After the specified period, carefully remove the egg from the jar, separate the white from the yolk. Throw away the protein, and carefully rub the yolk in a mortar, adding gum turpentine (5 ml). Next, attach to the mass of the solution that remained in the tank, and mix well.

Before using the tool you need to warm up the sore joint. To do this, prepare a saline solution - in 300 ml of warm boiled water dissolve 15 g of salt. Then moisten the linen fabric with brine and rub the joint with it.

Then apply ointment on it, wrap with polyethylene and a bandage, wrap it with a warm cloth on top. In the morning, wash the ointment. The course consists of 10 daily procedures. Between courses should take a break (2 weeks).

Flaxseed and activated carbon

Grind with a grinder tablets activated charcoal. It should turn out half a cup of powder. Add in it 10 g of flax seed and boiled water, so that the mass will get the consistency of thick cream.

At bedtime, lubricate the sore joint with a made ointment; wrap it with wax paper and a bandage on top. People who have tried this remedy for themselves claim that it can effectively stop the pain in the toe.

Gout is a disease that requires constant cleansing of the joint from toxic agents that have accumulated in its tissues. And the effect of this ointment is precisely aimed at removing toxins from the areas affected by gout.

Rubbing

Acetylsalicylic acid and iodine

You will need a bottle of iodine (10 ml) and tablets of regular aspirin (5 pcs.). Aspirin needs to be crushed to a powder and poured into a vial with iodine.

Shake the mixture thoroughly, as a result of which you can observe the process of bleaching liquid - it will become transparent. This solution should be rubbed the affected joints. Procedures are preferably carried out daily before bedtime for 10 days.

After grinding, the joint is recommended to keep warm. You can wear warm socks on your feet, mittens (gloves) on your hands.

Vinegar, Calendula, Iodine and Bile

Within 10 minutes, rub the joints with the gall of a duck or chicken. Then lubricate the affected area with a pre-prepared mixture. Crush 20 g of marigold (calendula), add 10 ml of table vinegar and 5 ml of iodine. Mix everything well. The course of treatment lasts two weeks.

Compresses

Alcohol tincture and cologne

Gout on the legs and hands responds well to treatment with a compress made from 1 part of cologne and 3 parts of alcohol infusion. These components must be thoroughly mixed and moistened in the resulting solution gauze flap, folded in four.

Next, attach the gauze to the sore joint, wrap in cellophane, perebintuyte. Wear warm gloves (for hands) or socks (for feet) on top. Keep the compress for 12 hours. Repeat the procedure every other day.

Broth Rose Hips

Crush the roots of the specified plant to end up with 20 g of a fine mixture. Fill it with 1.5 liters of water and boil over low heat for 2 hours. Then strain the broth and dilute with boiled water in a 1: 1 ratio.

Soak the gauze folded several times with the obtained agent and apply it to the affected joint. Top with a layer of cotton and tape. Compress is desirable to leave on all night.

Gout Prevention

  1. Control your weight, do not allow a significant increase in body weight.
  2. Breathe more fresh air.
  3. Take regular walks and exercise.
  4. Watch your diet. It must be enriched with vitamins, minerals and nutrients in the required quantity.

Important! People who are predisposed to the development of diseases of the joints, preferably every six months to undergo diagnosis and donate blood for analysis. Doctors will be able to establish control over the level of urea in the body.

With timely treatment for competent medical care for the treatment of gout, you can achieve the most positive results. Remember that this disease can lead to serious consequences - the development of diseases of the kidneys and joints.

Gout - ICD code 10

In the International Classification of Diseases of the 10th revision (ICD 10), gout is (top down):

Class XIII - Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00 - M99)

M05-M14 - Inflammatory polyarthropathy

M10 Code - Gout

  • M10.0 - Idiopathic gout
  • M10.1 - Lead gout
  • M10.2 - Medicinal gout
  • M10.3 - Gout caused by impaired renal function
  • M10.4 - Other Secondary Gout
  • M10.9 - Gout, unspecified
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