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Renal failure in women: signs, symptoms and treatment

Human kidneys are a paired organ of the urinary system, the main purpose of which is the formation of urine. The development of renal failure occurs when the work of the kidneys is grossly impaired, and therapeutic assistance was not provided in a timely manner.

What it is?

The disease "renal failure" is a serious condition that develops against the background of other diseases or lesions and is characterized by impaired functioning of the kidneys. Depending on the severity and duration of the course, there are acute and chronic forms of renal failure. Pathology can affect people of any age and gender, but more often young women suffer from kidney dysfunction.

Kidney failure in women

In most cases, the cause of renal failure is a disorder in the organ itself, caused by factors of the external or internal environment. However, diseases that are completely unrelated to the kidneys can also provoke pathology. The most common causes include:

  • Congenital pathologies of the kidney;
  • Chronic diseases in the body - diabetes mellitus, autoimmune diseases, cirrhosis of the liver or liver failure, urolithiasis;
  • Inflammatory diseases of the kidneys that were not treated or leaked with complications;
  • Malignant neoplasms in the renal tissue;
  • Ureteral blockage of the ureteral stones, resulting in a delay and accumulation of urine in the kidneys, overextension of the organ and the formation of pathology;
  • Chronic glomerulonephritis ;
  • Intoxication of the body;
  • Massive blood loss or a decrease in circulating blood volume, for example, with burns;
  • Poisoning with chemicals and poisons;
  • Self-treatment with nephrotoxic drugs, prolonged use of antibiotics or other drugs, without a prescription.

In some cases, kidney failure in women may develop during pregnancy.

Content

Signs of Renal Failure

Signs of renal failure in women largely depend on the degree of organ dysfunction:

  • The initial degree - at this stage there are no clinical symptoms, however, pathological changes already occur in the tissues of the organ;
  • Oliguric stage - symptoms appear and increase: the amount of urine discharge per day decreases, lethargy, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, cardiac arrhythmia, abdominal pains appear (the duration of this stage is up to 10 days);
  • Polyurian stage - the patient's condition returns to normal, the daily volume of urine increases and often corresponds to physiological indicators, but at this stage, the development of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the organs of the urinary system is possible;
  • Stage of rehabilitation - the kidneys begin to function fully and are almost completely restored. If during acute renal failure a large number of nephrons were damaged, then full restoration of organ function is impossible.

Symptoms of renal failure in women

Symptoms of renal failure in women The chronic form of the disease develops as a result of the progression of acute renal failure. The condition is characterized by destruction and death of the kidneys (glomeruli, nephrons, parenchyma), as a result the body cannot perform its functions - this leads to disruption in the work of other vital organs.

Depending on the degree of damage to the renal tissue and the severity of the patient’s condition, there are several stages of chronic renal failure with various symptoms:

  • Stage of latent course (latent) - clinical manifestations of the disease are absent, so the patient does not know about his condition - however, with increasing physical exertion, weakness, dry mouth, drowsiness, lethargy, rapid fatigue, urinary excretion in an increased amount occur;
  • Clinical stage - at this stage, there are clinical symptoms of intoxication of the body: nausea, vomiting, pallor of skin, lethargy, drowsiness, lethargy, a sharp decrease in the volume of discharge of urine, diarrhea, the appearance of bad breath, tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmia, headaches;
  • Stage of decompensation - complications in the form of frequent respiratory diseases, inflammatory infections of the urinary organs are added to the signs of general intoxication of the body;
  • The compensation stage (or terminal stage) - the extinction of the functions of vital human organs is observed, resulting in a fatal outcome. Clinically, this stage is manifested by symptoms of severe intoxication of the body, disruption of the functioning of all organs, bad breath, yellowness of the skin, the development of neurological disorders.

Symptoms of renal failure during pregnancy

During pregnancy, kidney failure syndrome may develop due to impaired renal function as a result of squeezing the ureters, renal artery, or organ tissue from the growing uterus. In this case, the future mom has the following clinical symptoms:

  • A sharp decrease in the volume of daily urine, up to the full anuria;
  • Increased blood pressure;
  • The appearance of protein in urine analysis;
  • Swelling of the face and limbs;
  • Nausea, vomiting;
  • Lethargy, weakness, headaches;
  • Signs of intoxication;
  • Pallor of the skin.

At the first appearance of such symptoms, you should immediately contact your gynecologist. Severe renal failure during pregnancy can adversely affect the development of the fetus in the uterus, up to its antenatal death.

Renal failure treatment

The sooner the renal failure is identified and treated, the higher the chances for the patient to fully recover.

The acute form of the disease is a reversible condition, for the treatment of which it is important to determine the causes of the organ malfunction. Treatment of the underlying disease and hemodialysis can help restore normal kidney function.

With concomitant inflammatory diseases of the urinary organs, antibiotics and immunostimulants are prescribed.

In case of renal failure caused by severe poisoning, toxins or drugs, the patient is prescribed hemosorption and plasma exchange. In acute blood loss - transfusion of blood and plasma substitutes.

With the chronic form of the pathology, it is impossible to fully restore the work of the kidneys, however, it is possible to halt the development of irreversible processes and somewhat improve the patient’s quality of life. To do this, the patient is prescribed regular dialysis and a special diet.

Nutrition for kidney failure should be balanced, and foods easily digestible. It is advisable to arrange fasting days 1-2 times a week. Every day there should be present on the table dairy products - kefir, yogurt, low-fat cottage cheese.

In addition to the basic treatment plan drawn up by the doctor on an individual basis, the patient must strictly follow the recommendations of the specialist:

  • Elimination of physical exertion;
  • No stress;
  • Avoiding alcohol and smoking;
  • Bed rest in the acute stage.

In case of chronic renal failure, after normalization of the patient’s general condition, if possible, a donor kidney transplant is performed. This greatly helps to improve the quality and extend the life of the patient.

Complications

With the progression of symptoms and the absence of timely treatment, the risk of complications is high:

  • Transition of the disease to the chronic form;
  • Uremic coma;
  • Sepsis.

If kidney failure is not treated, the patient quickly becomes fatal.

Interesting
Katerina
2017-01-26 11:14:07
very good article, it is a pity that she did not come across my arm before. I had pyelonephritis, cured, exacerbation went, found renal failure. already chronic. As all is sad, and after all it was only pyelonephritis. The doctor prescribed Nephrodesis to maintain the work of the kidneys. While everything is stable, even a slight improvement in the work of the kidneys is noticeable. can and will help you) to all health!

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