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Pulmonary pneumosclerosis: causes, symptoms and treatment methods

Prolonged pulmonary and bronchial diseases lead to the formation of connective tissue scars. The same changes occur when dust and toxic substances are inhaled, stagnant pneumonia and heart failure.

This causes hardening of the lung tissue and the occurrence of a number of chronic diseases.

Content

Pneumosclerosis of the lungs: what is it?

Pulmonary pneumosclerosis is a pathological process of replacing normal lung tissue with connective tissue.

In this case, the respiratory function is impaired, the size of the respiratory surface decreases. The disease occurs at any age, men get sick more often.

Pneumosclerosis of the lungs: what is it?

Pneumosclerosis of the lungs X-ray photo

Pulmonary pneumosclerosis is classified according to several characteristics.

According to the prevalence emit:

  • Fibrosis. At the same time, pulmonary and connective tissue are present simultaneously.
  • Sclerosis. Lung tissue goes into connective.
  • Cirrhosis. The most severe stage, is the seal of the pleura, blood vessels, the respiratory process is disturbed.

Also share this disease depending on the location of the lesion:

  • Apical pneumosclerosis - connective tissue grows on the upper part of the organ.
  • Radical pneumosclerosis - in this case, the proliferation of tissue in the root of the lung.
  • Basal pneumosclerosis - the lung tissue is replaced by connective tissue in the basal parts of the organ.

In addition, there are two degrees of spread of the disease - focal and diffuse .

If the disease spreads to both organs, then we can say that it is diffuse pulmonary pulmonary fibrosis. As a rule, this form can cause cystic formations, lung tissue gets less nutrition, and the lungs are reduced in size.

The causes of pulmonary pulmonary fibrosis

This disease in most cases develops as a result of lung diseases or complications after them.

The most common causes are:

  • Infection that inflames lung tissue, tuberculosis;
  • Chronic bronchitis and inflammations;
  • Long stay in rooms with polluted air, for example, at work;
  • Inflammations caused by various allergens;
  • Pulmonary Beck disease ;
  • Lung injury;
  • Heredity.

A common cause of the development of this disease is not cured finally inflammatory processes in the lungs: bronchitis, pneumonia.

Symptoms of pulmonary pulmonary fibrosis

Symptoms of pulmonary pulmonary fibrosis

The clinic depends on the form: diffuse or focal. The latter is characterized by moderate shortness of breath and a satisfactory condition.

The following symptoms are characteristic of diffuse pulmonary pulmonary fibrosis:

  1. Dyspnea. In the diffuse form, it does not appear immediately, at the initial stage, it happens only during exercise. When the disease progresses, shortness of breath is present even at rest.
  2. Cough, very strong, with discharge, like sputum mixed with pus.
  3. Constant weakness, fatigue, may feel dizzy.
  4. There are constant soreness in the chest.
  5. The skin becomes bluish color.
  6. A person can lose weight, while not changing your diet.
  7. The chest is gradually deformed, and the phalanges of the fingers thicken at the ends and become similar to drumsticks.
  8. Pulmonary insufficiency.

The presence of bronchiectasis is accompanied by hemoptysis and purulent sputum. Fibrous changes in lung tissue are manifested by superficial, rapid breathing, high standing of the diaphragm (due to a decrease in the size of the lungs) and deformation of the bronchial tree.

The progression of the disease leads to congestion in the lungs and expansion of the right heart. The development of heart failure is manifested by an increase in edema and shortness of breath.

If there are not many symptoms and are blurred, then we can talk about a mild form of pneumosclerosis.

Diagnosis of the disease

This disease is diagnosed by X-ray. It clearly shows changes in the tissues of the organ. In the initial stages, changes are visible only in one area.

Functional pulmonary tests are satisfactory, but with diffuse pulmonary fibrosis, they significantly deviate from the norm and are not amenable to therapeutic correction.

With obstructive type (emphysema, chronic bronchitis) - air conduction is disturbed, leading to hypoxemia (decrease in blood oxygen saturation).

Restructive type (reduction of the lung) - leads to a decrease in the vital capacity of the lung, the conductivity is broken slightly.

Pulmonologists for diagnosis use external examination of the patient, bronchoscopy, bronchography. If necessary, appoint an MRI .

Treatment of pulmonary pulmonary fibrosis

Treatment of pulmonary pulmonary fibrosis The disease is dealt with by a pulmonologist or therapist. The treatment methods used depend on what stage the disease is at.

Specific treatment does not exist, therapy is aimed at eliminating the cause that provoked the development of the disease. In mild form, the basic rule is caution and support of the body, in order to prevent the occurrence of inflammatory foci.

Treatment of diffuse pulmonary pulmonary fibrosis includes the following points:

  • Antimicrobial drugs;
  • Bronchodilators and medicines with expectorant properties are prescribed;
  • Doctors can conduct bronchial drainage;
  • Cardiologic drugs are also used to prevent myocarditis symptoms.

If there is no pulmonary insufficiency, a specialist may prescribe special physiotherapeutic procedures. In particularly difficult cases, surgery may be required.

Traditional methods of treatment

In not started cases use means of traditional medicine. As a rule, most of them are used to treat bronchitis. Here are some recipes:

  • In a thermos you need to brew 1 tablespoon of seed oats with half a liter of boiling water. Leave overnight, strain in the morning and drink in small portions during the day.
  • Well-washed dried fruits should be soaked overnight. They need to eat on an empty stomach in the morning. Due to its diuretic and laxative properties, this tool helps to clear the lungs from stagnation.
  • There is another great tool - onions. One thing you need to cook and grind it with sugar. Take this mixture to one tablespoon every two hours.

There are many recipes, but do not abuse self-treatment - use traditional methods in addition to medical treatment, and only after consulting / prescribing a doctor.

Consequences and complications

complications of pulmonary pulmonary fibrosis

complications

Of course, a person will have a question: what is the risk of pneumosclerosis of the lungs? If you do not treat this disease, it may cause heart and pulmonary insufficiency.

In later stages, the lower part of the lung may gradually become similar to a porous sponge (the so-called honeycomb lung). As a result, breathing problems occur, and the infection develops a second time, which leads to a worsening of the human condition.

Life expectancy in pulmonary pulmonary fibrosis depends on the stage at which the disease is detected, the timeliness of treatment, compliance with all prescriptions of doctors, prevention. If the disease does not start, then the probability of a favorable outcome is very high.

All diseases of the pulmonary nature must be timely and fully cured. It is best to contact specialists for this, rather than self-medicating.

If the cause of the disease has become polluted air in workplaces, think about changing professional activities.

ICD code 10

Section (J84) - Other Interstitial Lung Diseases

  • (J84.0) Alveolar and parietho-alveolar disorders;
  • (J84.1) Other interstitial pulmonary diseases with mention of fibrosis;
  • (J84.8) Other specified interstitial pulmonary diseases;
  • (J84.9) Unspecified interstitial pulmonary disease.
Interesting
2016-11-30 14:08:08
Can I get pregnant with pneumosclerosis
2017-01-18 18:45:40
How can pneumosclerosis and chronic bronchitis be treated? What medicine should be taken for this?
Valentine
2017-01-18 19:59:54
Anonymous, you need to go to the doctor. It is important to understand that no self-respecting (and responsible) doctor, on the Internet, will prescribe a course of treatment and will not sign for drugs and procedures without seeing the patient live. The general scheme of treatment of pneumosclerosis is given above.
Lyudmila
2017-02-28 14:16:36
Radiologist after fluorography wrote - pneumosclerosis of the lower lung, and the therapist said that there is no pathology. No treatment was prescribed. It is right?
MedKonsultant.com
2017-03-01 12:09:36
Hello, Ludmila. Everything is simple and not simple. Pneumosclerosis is not a disease, but an altered state of the lung tissue, with its base expanding (in any parenchymal organ there is a base (stroma, connective tissue) on which a specific tissue sits, which distinguishes the organs from each other. In the lungs, these are respiratory bubbles , in the heart - myocardial fibers, etc. This connective tissue during aging, lack of oxygen, intoxication, inflammation can grow.The usual scarring on the skin is also the growth of connective tissue.The growth of it in the liver is called cirrhosis, its growth and the place of the myocardium after myocardial infarction is called post-infarction cardiosclerosis, and its growth in the lungs is pneumosclerosis, that is, like microscopic microtubules in the lungs.This remains for life, and this pathological diagnosis is not necessary pneumosclerosis will develop respiratory failure, emphysema, tuberculosis, infection will join - then treatment will be needed, but again - not pneumosclerosis, which remains until the end of days, but this secondary process.
Molokovich Lyudmila Krasnoyarsk
2017-03-09 08:24:20
they did a CT scan of the lungs; they gave a disk to a hand in the clinic; no one is watching it. The cardiologist does not have a disk block to look at it then give it to me well I looked at home on my laptop and understood something because I am a retired nurse
Helena
2017-03-31 08:43:52
Hello, I have asthma, chronic branchitis, and last year lay with pneumosclerosis. Now symptoms are shortness of breath. Constant severe cough; weakness and half-faint state; pulmonologist. should I still go to the therapist for additional examination if I have 26 years of pain from conventional inhalers
Medical Consultant
2017-04-03 18:20:40
Hello! In your situation, first of all, it is necessary to exclude the progression of pneumosclerosis, if you really have shortness of breath, weakness and cough, and not attacks of bronchial asthma. Secondly, you need to check whether you have a so-called "pulmonary heart", or symptoms of chronic right ventricular failure. To begin, perform spirography, and then you can do a computed tomography of the lungs, on which the ratio of alveoli and fibrous tissue will be noticeable. In addition, you are on a combination of a hormone + leukotriene receptor antagonist. This means that you have asthma is quite serious, or with "experience". But these same symptoms may simply be due to the fact that the course of chronic bronchitis has worsened, and a secondary infection has joined. Therefore, it is still desirable to pass a general analysis of sputum, and conduct its bacteriological examination. It is possible that the prescription of antibiotics is required, in the event that pathological growth is detected. Maybe these tips will help you evaluate the functional reserve of the lung system, which is more important for prediction.
Tatyana
2017-04-12 14:51:23
I was diagnosed on fluorography with focal pneumosclerosis, cf. 1 share to the right. Daughter should give birth. Is it dangerous for me to meet her? Am I giving birth to a newborn?
Medical Consultant
2017-04-12 15:28:06
As I wrote above - this is not a disease, but a lung condition. Therefore, if there are no diseases, then do not infect.

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