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First aid for poisoning: carbon monoxide, food and chemical

Situations that require an immediate response, rarely occur. This does not diminish the responsibility of the person and the knowledge that he should have to help the victim or save his life.

During the provision of assistance there are mandatory actions that must be done immediately and in the first place. A person is required to be self-disciplined - in order to prevent panic and to conduct rescue measures as efficiently as possible.


First aid for carbon monoxide poisoning

First aid for carbon monoxide poisoning

This gas kills unnoticed. It can not be felt, it is not corrosive, without color and smell. Appears during the combustion of gas, petroleum products, kerosene, firewood, charcoal. When you inhale the gas enters the lungs, then into the blood and replaces the oxygen.

Moreover, the connection of carbon monoxide with hemoglobin is faster and 240 times stronger than with oxygen. Hemoglobin is blocked, the organs and tissues of the human body stop "breathing".

Cells die, organs fail, because they do not cope with their functions. The brain suffers most from oxygen starvation.

When blocking 10% hemoglobin, the first signs of intoxication are noticeable, the critical threshold occurs at 50%, the condition is severe, and coma is inevitable. In the absence of help, a person dies.

Early signs of carbon monoxide poisoning:

  1. Headache.
  2. Dizziness.
  3. Nausea.

As carbon monoxide builds up in the blood, symptoms worsen and include:

  • confusion of consciousness;
  • drowsiness;
  • rapid breathing;
  • tachycardia;
  • hallucinations.

If you feel like these symptoms, you must immediately leave the danger zone and go to the hospital. When another person has suffered with loss of consciousness, you will be required to have first aid.

From your actions depends on further developments. Keep calm, act promptly.

The first thing they do when carbon monoxide poisoning is:

  1. Stop further intoxication, for this endure (remove) the victim on the street or balcony, call an ambulance.
  2. Maximum loosen belts and unbutton collars, cuffs.
  3. When a person lost consciousness, they have resuscitation until the arrival of an ambulance.
  4. If it is cold - warm the victim (cover with clothes, a blanket).
  5. To solder (to give strong tea, mineral water).

For immediate assistance, doctors use oxygen masks. After testing, it is judged on its concentration in the body, select further treatment and rehabilitation.

First aid for food poisoning

First aid for food poisoning

The cause of intoxication of the body often becomes a bacterial infection. Staphylococcus aureus and E. coli - the main "culprits" of food poisoning. Often patients are endangered by unknowingly, this happens when they use poisonous mushrooms, wild berries and plants.

After about half an hour, there is a worsening state of health. A person experiences weakness, chills, sweats heavily, complains of abdominal pain. Vomiting, diarrhea and pallor of the skin signal that something is wrong with the body.

If symptoms of poisoning appear you should:

1. Flush the stomach.

Remove all contents from the stomach. This is done with the help of artificial vomiting. A pale pink solution of manganese, alkaline (1 tsp. Of baking soda per 1 l of water) or salt (1 tbsp. Per 2 l of water) solutions is used as a washing liquid.

All liquids are used warm to avoid spasms. Drink several glasses of solution at a time, then induce vomiting. The procedure is repeated several times, until "pure water".

2. Neutralize toxins.

To bind and remove toxic substances can be taking enterosorbent. Within an hour, every 15 minutes to take a dose of the drug, drinking water.

3. To warm.

The victim will be sure to shiver, there will be weakness in the body. Therefore, the patient lay, wrap and provide drinking mode.

4. Starvation diet.

On the first day, a complete refusal to eat. In the second, let's say a light non-fat broth and crackers.

A few days a person will "move away" from the action of toxins in the body. Gradually normal state and well-being.

If the symptoms associated with fever, pain in the right hypochondrium (liver), vomiting and diarrhea, consult a doctor.

Medical assistance is required if a small child or an elderly person has suffered from toxins. In case of poisoning, keep the situation under control to immediately provide first aid.

First aid for chemical poisoning

Poisonous chemicals poison a person when it comes into contact with the skin and in the stomach, while inhaling. The reaction of the body will manifest itself locally and general indisposition: weakness, vomiting, tachycardia, pallor, etc.

With skin lesions

If the chemical gets on the skin, it is necessary to wash it off in order to reduce the time spent on the body and the degree of damage to the body. As soon as you find that a person has suffered from chemicals - call an ambulance.

Provide first aid with caution so that the poison does not fall on you. Well, if you have on hand will be rubber gloves. Remove clothing that contains chemical particles.

To flush the toxin from the skin should be under running water, so that when draining, it does not fall on the unaffected skin. Constantly monitor the mind of a person, his breathing and pulse. In some cases, resuscitation procedures may be required.

With lung damage

Immediately call an ambulance and warn you that oxygen is required. The victim is provided with an inflow of clean air, loosens inhaling clothing.

In order to avoid complications, a person cannot drink and eat food. Monitor the condition of the victim. If you lose consciousness, lay it on its side so that in case of vomiting it does not choke. With loss of pulse or breathing, artificial respiration and heart massage are performed.

When poisons hit the stomach

Call a doctor or ambulance if symptoms of poisoning appear. Prepare a solution to wash the stomach. Warm salted water (1 tablespoon of salt per 1 l of water) should be drunk, then forced to induce vomiting. The manipulation is carried out several times.

Take sorbents for binding toxins and removing them from the body. Control the breath and pulse of the victim.

First aid for poisonous mushrooms poisoning

First aid for poisonous mushrooms poisoning

Mushrooms are heavy food for the stomach, slowly and long digested. With intoxication, an indisposition is felt in an hour after eating. The first symptoms: nausea, severe weakness, diarrhea, vomiting.

A little later, the temperature rises, there are cramping abdominal pain, pallor, chills appear.

The victim needs medical assistance - call an ambulance immediately.

Before the arrival of the brigade is necessary:

  • wash the stomach, for this drink a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate or salted water;
  • cause vomiting;
  • sorbents can help reduce toxicity: Enterosgel, activated carbon, etc .;
  • if there is no diarrhea, take a laxative;
  • warm the victim, put him to bed;
  • watered with water or weak warm tea.

Further activities are carried out in the hospital.

First aid for alcohol poisoning

First aid for alcohol poisoning

Excess doses or poor-quality alcohol depress the cardiovascular system, impair breathing. Chances of the onset of alcoholic coma. A person is unable to adequately assess his condition, control speech, and coordinate movement.

First aid is aimed at reducing the toxicity of the body. Ask the victim to drink a few cups of water in a row, then induce vomiting. The procedure is carried out to "clean" waters.

Lay the victim and let him drink sweet tea or a glass of milk.

To reduce chills, a person is covered with a blanket and a heating pad is applied to the legs.

. If the victim has lost consciousness, do not hesitate to call an ambulance . Lay the person to the side, ensure the flow of air, monitor the pulse and breathing. When heart failure, proceed to resuscitation.

In case of any poisoning the consequences, the speed of recovery depends on how well the pre-medical measures were taken. Do not lose composure and do not panic. Focus on the implementation of the necessary measures and save the person.


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