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Explanation of analyzes

Panaritium finger on the arm and leg: treatment, drugs, folk methods

One of the inflammatory pathologies of the limbs of man - finger felts on the arm and leg, is characterized by a purulent-inflammatory lesion of the skin surface and deep damage to the tissues of the joints.

The process of inflammation with a purulent development is localized in the nail phalanx of the finger on the palmar side or the foot, hitting the subcutaneous tissue.

With the development of the disease, a purulent-inflammatory reaction spreads along the course of dense tendon flexors (strands). At the same time, the accumulation of pus in the cavities of connective tissue bridges, without having a way out of the enclosed space, causes a number of pathological changes that provoke the further development of the finger disease - panaritium, due to:

  • compression of feeding vessels;
  • disorders of blood circulation in deep tissues;
  • development of tissue necrosis;
  • purulent-inflammatory lesions of tendons, bone tissue and joint tissues;
  • perihotnoe (paronychium) and subungual zone.

Diagnostic code according to ICD-10 (μb finger felts) - L03.0.

Content

Etiological factor

Panaritium toes photo

Panaritium toes photo

The root cause of the disease is the bacteria of the family of staphylococci. Sometimes they are identified with a company of different virulence microorganisms - streptococci, diplococci or with an intestinal bacterium. The amount varies depending on the condition of the epidermis of the hands and its relative humidity.

Increased humidity and heat (with corn, hangnails, large nails and cracks) contribute to rapid skin maceration and the rapid proliferation of pyogenic pathogenic microorganisms.

The biological structure of the skin does not allow the "infection" to just get inside. Its protective functions are performed by the upper (horny) layer of the epidermis and lactic acid secreted by the sweat glands. The penetration of bacteria into the skin layers and the development of a faltering on the finger or toe is promoted by factors that disrupt the integrity of the skin:

  • Use for washing hands of gasoline and alkaline solutions that cause dryness and cracking of the skin (mainly in production);
  • Burns, superficial cuts, bruises and broken burrs at the nail ridges - the cause of superficial forms of the disease;
  • Bites, chopped, deeply cut and chopped wounds, unqualified treatment of the initial form of the disease, causes the development of a deep form of pathology.

Often, microtraumas are more serious in clinical manifestation than extensive deep trauma, which immediately undergoes skilled and timely treatment (with microtrauma it is often ignored).

A special role in the development of the disease is given to wound injuries by rusty nails, glass and tin. Propensity to suppuration have torn and cut wounds, bruises or punctures.

This is due to faster healing and closure of the skin over the wound, leaving the infection deep. Such wounds are resistant to the action of antiseptics, if treatment is not performed immediately.

A household cause is a toe-to-toe-rubbing of the skin with uncomfortable shoes, bruises or punctures. Contribute to the "comfortable" development of bacterial carriers:

  • failure of the immune system;
  • disorders in metabolism;
  • endocrine pathologies;
  • vitamin deficiency (hypovitaminosis).

Types, signs and symptoms of panaricium, photo

Symptoms and symptoms of panarisation depend on the location of injuries and the level of damage to tissue structures caused by species.

Panaritium finger on hand photo

Panaritium finger on hand photo

herpetic felony photo

herpetic felony photo

The cutaneous appearance is characterized by the defeat of the skin only. The symptoms of panarisation are manifested by a minor pain syndrome and twitching, gradually intensifying, acquiring a permanent character. Inflammatory processes cause an exfoliation of the epidermis with a bubble formation in the center filled with pus.

Subcutaneous finger felts are characterized by subcutaneous fatty inflammation. Primary symptoms appear on the 6th or even 10th day after injury. The beginning of development is characterized by:

  1. Burning sensation and expansion of tissues;
  2. A small, but gradually increasing pain symptoms, pulling and pulsating nature;
  3. Local tissue tension and swelling, spreading on the back of the finger;
  4. A general decline in well-being, a rise in temperature.

The development of the tendon type of the disease is caused by the complication of subcutaneous panaritium, when the infection penetrates into the deep layers of tissues or due to infection of deep wounds. Symptoms appear after a couple of hours after injury:

  • Rapidly increasing swelling and spread of swelling on the palmar surface;
  • A violation of joint mobility;
  • Severe redness and intoxication;
  • Irradiation of the pain syndrome in the course of the defeat of the tendon sheaths.

Symptoms of articular panaric manifest themselves with punctured deep wounds, or due to the adjacent neighborhood of the inflammation focus, causing purulent inflammation in the block joints. Often the inflammation affects the phalanx itself and the articular panaritium can be combined with the bone appearance.

To general symptoms, with a more vivid manifestation, the inflammatory lesion of the ligamentous apparatus is supplemented:

  • There are pains in the entire finger;
  • His unnatural movements and crunch;
  • In bone lesions, the phalanges become spindle-shaped;
  • Vascular inflammation and signs of lymphadenitis are noted.

Symptoms of the perihotic and subungual form of the disease are caused by a single cause - tearing of the nail plate, splinters under the nails, burrs or stab wounds. Inflammatory process passes under a plate of a nail.

With a deep pathology, circumglobular ridges are affected. With pathology of superficial appearance, only the skin of the bead is inflamed. The symptoms of panarisation are accompanied by:

  • Acute pulsating pain;
  • The formation of pus under the plate;
  • Puffiness and redness of phalanx and cushion around the nail;
  • Peeling the plate off the bed.

Treatment of finger flicking on the arm or leg, drugs

Treatment of finger flicking on the arm

Choosing the scheme of treatment of the finger panic on the hand, it is useful to recall the definition of the famous English physician - John Gunter:

"The center of gravity of the treatment is a panaritium in the early section. It's time to forget, unfortunately, a prejudice that is not alien even to doctors, as if you need to give a festering "ripen", and then already make a cut. Fruits ripening panaritium, under tsrparkami, plasters and other fictions of human frivolity, come to us in the form of necrosis, the fusion of dry veins, joints, in the form of unsuitable fingers and hands "

But, even an autopsy of purulent formation can not mean a complete cure, since after it, complex treatment is necessary. The end result should be - elimination of inflammation processes and restoration of joint functions.

Tactics of surgical and conservative treatment of finger felts consists of several directions:

  1. Opening and drainage of the purulent cavity, preventing premature contraction of the wound and accumulation of purulent exudate, which can subsequently cause destruction of tissues.
  2. The use of antibacterial therapy, analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics and antiseptics.
  3. Providing the affected fingers with rest is by applying a removable gypsum lingeta.
  4. Appointment of medications that restore and improve the blood circulation - venotonic, hypotensive and vasodilating drugs.
  5. The use of methods that promote healing and functional restoration of lesions. Means that improve tissue regeneration (recovery) - a solution of "Tsigerol", applications from oils and balsams "Spediana", "Solcoseril" or rose hips. Warm baths, UHF, phonophoresis and electrophoresis, ultrasound and exercise therapy.

With the panaritium on the toe, the treatment scheme is similar. It is compiled individually, taking into account the species belonging to the pathology and the period of the disease.

Home Treatment Methods Finger Pan

To apply home treatment is possible, when there is no expressed pain syndrome, hyperemia, puffiness and only with superficial lesions. To do this, use ready-made pharmacy products and preparations prepared independently. Most effective:

  • Equal proportions of medical birch tar, pine resin, not salted butter, light honey and pulp of a century-old flower. Ingredients carefully grind into a homogeneous mass and preheat in a water bath for maximum dissolution. Cool, place on a napkin, make a compress and leave for the time of sleep.
  • The same compress of the ointment for the whole night, you can cook from one part of the marigold flowers grinded in a coffee grinder and five pieces of home-made oil.
  • From pharmacy funds apply 10% ointment of ichthyol .
  • Ointments that have antiseptic action or contain antibiotic - "Gentamicin", "Butadiene" and their analogues.

Popular techniques

Finger crosses on the hand

With superficial lesions, many folk recipes are very effective. Applying them in the early phase of the disease, it is possible to prevent surgical intervention.

  • Trays from simple table salt are able to remove inflammation, swelling and pain symptoms, destructively affect the bacterial flora. 100 g / 1 liter of warm water three times a day.
  • Compresses with a baked onion accelerate purulent maturation and its "breakthrough" to the outside. Purified onion should be baked, cut into pieces and in a warm form to attach to the inflamed skin area, pribintovat. Change the compress every four hours.
  • Prevent purulent spread of compresses from finely grated beets. On the previously steamed wound (in a weak manganese solution), a pulp from beets is applied and densely bandaged. To change the compress, attaching fresh beets, you can after five hours.

Inflammatory-purulent pathologies of deep finger felting with home remedies and folk recipes are dangerous. There is a great risk of developing all kinds of pathological processes.

Development of complications

Untimely and inadequate treatment of deep forms of the disease increases the probability of development of complicated processes:

  • diffuse dissemination of purulent inflammation in the tissue elements ( phlegmon );
  • total defeat of all dense and soft phalanx structures (pandactylitis) and joint fusion;
  • when pyogenic microorganisms hit the blood, sepsis develops;
  • development of vascular necrosis;
  • purulent processes that destroy bone tissue (osteomyelitis).

Prevention

The basis of prevention is the finger panic on the arm and leg - preventing injuries and early treatment of the initial superficial forms of suppuration.

The most important element of prevention of suppurative processes is antiseptic treatment of wounds, application of a microfilm-protective film, glue BF-6.

An indispensable content in the medicine kits of preparations and solutions of antiseptic action, sets of adhesive plasters with antiseptic impregnation, wound healing medical glue.

Interesting

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