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Pityriasis versicolor in humans: photos, symptoms and treatment, drugs

What it is? Pityriasis versicolor is a chronic form of a fungal infection parasitizing on the upper layer of the epidermis. In everyday speech is called sun deprive, because it is aggravated during a period of intense activity of the ultraviolet.

Pityriasis versicolor is a scaly speck from light yellow to brownish. The causative agents of the disease are Pityrosporum fungi, which exist in a round, oval and mycelial form. A person is a carrier of at least one of these types of fungus, but the majority of lichen may never appear.

For health, the disease is not dangerous, but aesthetic beauty in its form is not enough. Treatment for chives can take a long period of time.

So, getting rid of it this summer, there is the likelihood of unpleasant spots in the following.

Pityriasis versicolor

photo pityriasis lichen (all photos below)

Most often, pityriasis versicolor is localized in the upper part of the body, which spends the most time under ultraviolet rays. The most common spots on the neck, chest, shoulders and head. The integuments are not a hindrance to the location of fungal organisms. On the surface of the spots, the skin may peel off and change its shade over time.

The reasons for the appearance of pityriasis lichen is:

  • hereditary pathology;
  • sugar type diabetes and Cushing's syndrome;
  • pregnancy and hormonal imbalances;
  • oncological diseases;
  • tuberculosis;
  • excessive constant sweating;
  • excessive use of antibacterial agents;
  • private stress and emotional disorders;
  • visit the beach or solarium.

Based on the list of causes of deprivation, we can conclude that the fungus manifests itself when immunity falls due to hormonal disruptions and serious illnesses. The probability of transmitting sun licking from mother to child is very high, but from the father the fungus cannot be transmitted.

In addition to the hereditary pathway, it is possible to become infected with pityriasis by close contact with an infected person or his clothing. Also the danger lies in the use of shared household items. However, most likely, if you have a strong immune system, the fungus will not manifest clinically. But you should not hope for it - it is necessary to adhere to preventive measures.

Content

Symptoms of scaly depriving a person photo

Pityriasis versicolor than to treat

spots may look different, photo

Typical symptoms of chives in humans are:

  • The appearance of pink spots with a yellowish color;
  • A gradual change in their color to brown pigmentation, which is localized in typical places (first of all, it is a decollete zone);
  • Insignificant small-plate peeling of the appeared rashes on integuments;
  • An inconsistent itching of the spots, which is not very intense;
  • The skin does not tan in the place where the rash was located. This is due to the functional inferiority of melanocytes - skin cells that produce pigment.

To determine whether or not you have sunblock, visit a dermatologist. The doctor will check your skin with a lamp - the fungus has luminescent properties. If the skin lights up pink or greenish-blue, a dermatologist diagnoses the lichen.

In humans, the symptoms of pityriasis lichen, in the form of itching and burning, are often not pronounced. If the doctor has suspicions about the presence of the fungus, the causative agent, he will send the patient to the analysis of dead skin scales.

Pediatric versicolor in children

Pediatric versicolor in children

It is children who most often become infected, since they still lack primary knowledge about hygiene. Having played with a sick animal or another child, the risk of chirimatitis is very high.

Children's immunity is hard to deal with aggressive fungus, but they tolerate it more easily than adults. The risk of infection is in adolescents due to drastic changes in hormonal levels and the constant stresses to which they are exposed.

Just like in adults, childlike chubrim in no way imposes itself on the child, except for visual changes. At first, mom may notice small convex pink dots.

At this stage, the disease is the easiest to treat. In the future, the spots will change color first to yellow, and then to a brown shade.

All that the child’s body touches needs to be individualized for a while. A growing body is easier to cure, but parents are at risk in the future, if not to take preventive measures, to face unpleasant scaly spots every vacation.

  • Treatment for children and adults is not fundamentally different.

Lime shingles treatment - ointments and preparations

Lime shingles treatment - ointments and preparations

Treatment of pityriasis versicolor in a person does not require hospitalization and constant monitoring. In the most advanced cases, the dermatologist prescribes a course of antibiotics from the group of antimycotics (antifungal agents). The rest will get rid of sun licking is obtained using ointments.

However, an instant result is not to be expected, since the fungus is removed only by a long and systematic treatment of lesions on the skin.

The action of the active ingredients is aimed at softening and exfoliation of the upper keratinous layer of the skin, thereby removing the pityriasis versicolor. For the treatment of pityriasis lichen, the drugs are used in a complex - antimycotic and keratolytic - in order to minimize the risk of recurrence.

Consider the most common ones.

1. Mycoral Ointment 2%

The basis of the drug "Mycozoal" includes ketoconazole. This substance is effective in combating any fungal diseases (demorphites - mushrooms that are tropic to the skin). The action of Mycozoral as an ointment is so strong that it can kill not only fungi, but also staphylococci and streptococci, which can provoke a purulent process.

The drug is considered aggressive (but locally), but it is prescribed even for pregnant and lactating women.

Ketoconazole has an action similar to "burning", therefore oils and sedative components are included in the composition of Mycozoral. When first used in patients with sensitive skin, itching or tingling is observed.

The effect after applying “Mycozoral 2%” appears already after 3-5 days, but the course of treatment is often prescribed for 2 weeks or more in order to kill all fungal spores. In no case should the therapy be discontinued, since, removing only the symptoms, the risk of recurrence of the bony-shaped lichen increases.

If the patient's case is running and it is impossible to achieve a cure with one Mycozoral, additional ointments or sprays of external use are prescribed by the dermatologist. Apply any other tool immediately after rubbing ketoconazole is prohibited, so you need to withstand a period of several hours. The best option is the use of ointments at different times of the day: morning and evening.

2. Clotrimazole ointment

Most common in the form of ointment, but children are preferably prescribed lotion or cream. Active ingredient monotonous drug name. Clotrimazole successfully fights yeast-like fungi and some bacteria.

However, cases of immunity of fungi to this drug were recorded, so after the appointment of clotrimazole ointment, a patient is re-inspected after 5-7 days, preferably using a fluorescent glow. If no positive results are found, replace the drug with a stronger one.

Clotrimazole is absorbed in small amounts through the skin, so pregnant women who are in the first trimester of gestation are not recommended. The following months, apply ointment to the fungal lesions is acceptable up to the period of breastfeeding, because safety for milk in the laboratory has not been proven.

"Clotrimazole" ointment is not used in combination with antibiotics, as it levels the action of some of them.

Not adherent tight tissue to the skin, which was applied ointment for 4 hours. If the body responds positively to clotrimazole, the ointment can be used for long periods without fear of allergic reactions.

3. Fungerbin-ointment 1%

The active ingredient is terbinafine hydrochloride. The drug copes well with fungi in the initial stages of their development. Butylhydroxytoluene and urea, which are also part of the product, contribute to the rapid regeneration of the skin, so itching or burning after application of the drug is minimal.

“Fungerbin” is not allowed to be used for more than 14 days without a break, however, its use for the prevention of chives can be prevented.

Ointment is permissible to apply to the scalp - pityriasis versicolor on the head often localized, if the infection occurred as a result of direct contact with the patient.

4. Rumicosis tablets

"Rumikoz" - a drug based on itraconazole, manufactured for internal use. The tablet form is prescribed if local preparations cannot cope with the foci of fungal infection. The period of taking Rumikoza is from a week to 28 days, depending on the results of the treatment of chives and the data of repeated research.

Itraconazole builds up in the muscle tissue and remains there for another month after the end of the pill. "Rumikoz" is not recommended for pregnant and lactating women, In addition, it is a risk for patients with diseases of the excretory system and liver disease, in which it is metabolized.

To reduce the harm to health pills need to drink acidic substances (kefir, lemon juice).

Treatment of scaly depriving at home

Acceptable, but not recommended at the first detection of pityriasis versicolor, home treatment. However, pregnant and lactating women, small children and the elderly can be treated with homeopathic remedies and natural substances at home.

Folk solutions:

  • Vinegar. This substance is recommended to lubricate the affected areas up to 5 times per day. The action of apple cider vinegar is to "burn" the flaky skin, thereby eliminating the fungus.
  • Broth buckwheat. Less aggressive means, but as practice shows, quite effective. 10 minutes, boil the buckwheat and the resulting solution to lubricate the spots 3-4 times a day.
  • Boric acid (the action is similar to vinegar). Pour a teaspoon of boric acid powder with a glass of boiling water and allow to cool. Wipe pityriasis versicolor once a day for 10 days.
  • Tar - a proven way, but for a long time. Within a month it is necessary to lubricate the affected area with diluted tar.

In addition to solutions, homemade ointments for chirimalis based on herbs and pharmaceutical preparations are also used:

  • Herbal ointment. Take 2 tablespoons of crushed burdock root and calendula flowers, add 15 hop cones and cover with a glass of water. Boil the ointment must be at least 3 hours and then cool.
  • Hypericum based ointment - made in two ways. First: dry St. John's wort is ground with vaseline at a ratio of 1: 4. Second: fresh St. John's wort kneads with tar in equal proportions - ointments are ready.
  • Sorrel ointment. Finely chop the sorrel and fill with thick cream until thick. This recipe thanks to the fat component contributes to the speedy recovery of the skin.

Well help in the treatment of scaly depriving broths celandine, hellebore and succession. Prepare them in the following way: 3 tablespoons of dry or chopped fresh grass is poured with 2 cups of boiling water, boiled for 10 minutes and insisted for half an hour after removing from heat.

To restore the skin useful oil thistle, elderberry, lavender and rosemary. They smear stains at night to restore and soften the skin.

Forecast

If you follow the recommendations of the dermatologist and do not stop the treatment if the symptoms are relieved, relapse after a few months can be avoided.

Traditional recipes can also be used as the main treatment or prevention, if they really help a person to cope with the disease. But often requires rational pharmacological therapy.

With the disappearance of the symptoms of pityriasis versicolor after homeopathic remedies in humans, they must be applied within 7-10 days.

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