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Genital warts in women: symptoms, treatment, diagnosis

A woman should be alerted if small outgrowths of flesh or pink color are formed on the skin of the genitals and perineum. Genital warts are located individually or in clusters, forming a continuous area. Outgrowths of various sizes, soft to the touch, painless when touched (see photo).

What it is?
Genital warts in appearance resemble an ordinary wart. It differs only in attachment to the skin, the warts have a thin leg on which it is held.

There are warts on the skin after infection with human papillomavirus. Infection occurs through sexual contact, during pregnancy. Do not exclude the transfer of the virus to the blood, mother's milk and household items.

Genital warts

genital warts, photo

Human papillomavirus infection is widespread - in practice, genetic traces of the virus are found in every woman, with rare exceptions. Condylomas are formed when the papillary layer grows.

The virus, breaking the tissue barriers, enters the bloodstream and spreads through the body. It reproduces in epithelial cells, incorporating into its DNA. This changes the function of cells, leads to active division and proliferation of epithelial tissue. Men and women are equally affected.

Carrying a child, non-compliance with the hygiene of the genitals by a man and a woman is a favorable factor for the formation of genital warts.


Causes of condyloma

Infection does not always require direct contact. When examining sexual partners, the virus is found in both. Papillomavirus is benign in nature, and under favorable conditions it can degenerate into a malignant tumor. This is the reason for the mandatory removal of outgrowths on the skin, regardless of their location and size. Female genital warts are more common in women than in men.

Causes of appearance:

  • reduced immunity;
  • recurrent candidiasis;
  • inflammation of the genitourinary system;
  • sexual contact without protection.

At risk of women over 25 years old, without a permanent partner, leading an active sex life. After infection, at least 2 months will pass, and a maximum of 9, when the first symptoms appear. Sometimes the latent period lasts for years, the virus does not manifest itself.

Signs and symptoms of genital warts in women

symptoms of genital warts in women

Outgrowths appear on the skin that look like warts. When viewed with the naked eye visible loose surface resembling cauliflower inflorescences. The size of the outgrowths is different, or very tiny, or up to several millimeters in diameter. The number is different, from one to several hundred.

Coloring depends on the location of the condyloma on the body. Colors range from white to burgundy. Liquid may be released from condyloma with an unpleasant odor.

Female genital warts are localized in the anus, perineum, labia, mouth. Instrumental examination helps to detect spiky papillomas inside the urethral canal, on the walls of the vagina and the cervix. On palpation, they are soft, mobile, discomfort and pain does not occur. Accidental injury inflames, bleeds and does not heal well.

When referring to a gynecologist, patients complain about:

  1. Unpleasant sensations during stool and urination;
  2. Soreness in the lower abdomen;
  3. Skin galls that interfere with hygiene;
  4. Deterioration in the quality of sexual contact;
  5. Irritation caused by contact with the laundry.

Condylomas in women do not form immediately - the initial stage is determined by small vesicles, bumps on the skin and mucous membranes. The skin has a noticeable redness and slight itching. A little later, the first genital warts will appear, next to them when an itch occurs, the following growths are formed.


A woman turns to a gynecologist. At the reception, the doctor finds out from the patient the main complaints that caused the visit. Conduct diagnostics in the following stages:

  • The time when there was unprotected sexual contact.
  • The patient is examined on a gynecological chair.
  • Take the epithelial cell scraping for PCR analysis to determine the type and amount of virus.
  • Examination of the cervix and vaginal walls with a colposcope.
  • Diagnosis of the mucous membranes using Lugol solution and acetic acid (3%).
  • Biopsy (taking a piece of tissue) of genital warts.
  • Histological (tissue) and cytological (cellular) examination of the area of ​​warts.
  • Anascopy - a doctor under the microscope examines the area of ​​skin near the anus.
  • Taking a swab from the cervical canal and from the cervix to oncocytology.
  • Blood test for genital infections.
  • Urethroscopy - examination of the urethra for the presence of genital warts.
  • Consultations of the immunologist, dermatovenerologist.

Comprehensive examination is necessary to identify the risk of adverse prognosis, the selection of drugs and methods of treatment.

Treatment of genital warts in women

Treatment of genital warts in women

Destroy the virus drug is impossible. No means has yet been found that will eliminate the pathogen of human papillomavirus infection from the body, but it can be “crushed” and strengthened the immune system - significantly complicating further spread.

Genital warts are removed at any stage of development. This is not a treatment, it is a cosmetic procedure. You need to be screened for possible infections.

Apply local removal of warts. Treatment methods:

  1. Cryotherapy. Condyloma freeze with liquid nitrogen. Low temperature destroys the protein inside the wart, it dies off and disappears. At the place of its attachment, a small wound is formed, after 1-2 weeks it is delayed. The procedure is carried out by a doctor in a hospital. The method is safe and painless with sufficient experience of a specialist.
  2. Electrocoagulation. Genital warts are affected by high temperature. Prior to treatment, local anesthesia is performed. After burning, a crust forms on the warts. After a few days, it disappears. The method is painful, relatively inexpensive.
  3. Chemical exposure. Condyloma is treated with a preparation containing concentrated acid or alkali. The method requires precision application of the tool, so as not to damage the skin around the wart. The procedure must be carried out by a doctor.
  4. Laser therapy A doctor with a laser beam dries up the warts, a scab forms, which falls off after a few days. Wounds on the skin pass quickly, no traces remain. The patient may feel a little discomfort during the procedure.
  5. The method of radiowave effect on a genital warts beam of highly directional high-frequency waves is similar to the work of the laser. Use expensive medical equipment Surgitron, so the price of the procedure is high. The risk of complications is minimized.
  6. Surgical removal with a scalpel. The technique is outdated, rarely used. Local anesthesia or general anesthesia is used to remove condylomas, the skin is sutured after excision.

A suitable method is selected taking into account the possibilities of the medical institution, the experience of the doctor and the financial possibilities of the patient.

Be sure to conduct immunocorrection therapy, drugs prescribed after a blood test (for immune status). Immunologist physician selects drugs and treatment.

Antiviral treatment of genital warts helps to reduce the activity of the virus in the blood and slow the active growth of skin lesions. Apply drugs: Izoprinozin, Epigen, Panavir and so forth. Drug therapy complements surgical methods to reduce the likelihood of relapse.

It is possible to remove genital warts on their own - home treatment involves the use of medications. To achieve the result is not always obtained, but you can try. To do this, apply cream Superpistotel, Solkoderm, Condilin, etc. (You need to consult a doctor!).

Condilomatosis during pregnancy

During pregnancy, immunity decreases and allows genital warts to recur. Symptomatic therapy is carried out to reduce the formation of warts, which carry the risk of complications during childbirth. Removal of growths is carried out only in the third trimester in the preparation of women.

For the unborn child there is a danger of infection when passing through the birth canal. A baby is at risk (laryngeal coughs) if it takes the first breath while in the vagina with condylomas. The woman in this case, perform a caesarean section.

In the absence of condylomas in the birth canal, there is no risk for the baby.

Immediately after removing the warts, a woman needs to undergo antiviral therapy and endure the term before becoming pregnant.


When injured condyloma inflamed, possible suppuration and ulceration of the mucous. This is due to the location of the wart or when rubbed with laundry. If one condyloma comes off, the wound bleeds and a new one grows in its place, sometimes several at once. The timely removal of condyloma in women helps to avoid complications.

Requires regular monitoring by a gynecologist. Human papillomavirus infection can cause erosion or dysplasia of the cervix, possibly a degeneration into oncological disease.

Reduced immunity leads to frequent infections of the body and deterioration of health.

In place of genital warts, the likelihood of skin cancer is high.

Prevention of condyloma formation

In order to protect against infection follow a number of measures:

  • hygiene of sexual life (one partner);
  • compulsory visits to the doctor for any changes in health;
  • not to self-medicate, only after examining the gynecologist decide on the future plan of measures;
  • physiotherapy, hardening, massage;
  • good rest;
  • Spa treatment;
  • avoid stress;
  • full diet;
  • vitamins and minerals;
  • protect from overcooling and overheating;
  • enough sleep.

Subject to the measures and treatment of the patient lead a normal life. This does not negate compliance with the rules of hygiene and protection of the partner from infection.


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