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Abundant salivation - causes and treatment in adults and children

Salivation is a natural physiological process. Saliva is actively excreted at the sight of food, at the time of its reception and is necessary for its primary splitting. However, abundant salivation is a manifestation of certain diseases.

Saliva is a fluid secreted by the salivary glands. It contains water, enzymes, mineral, organic matter. In a healthy person, 1 ml of salivary secretions is produced every 5 minutes.

Abundant saliva secretion is called hypersalivation - the secretory activity of the salivary glands is increased. The only case when the current spittle is the physiological norm is in children from three months to six months, in other cases it is considered as a symptom of a particular disease.

Content

Causes of increased salivation

Abundant salivation in adults

Excessive salivation can be caused by inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity or upper respiratory tract - gingivitis, sore throat, stomatitis. At the same time, the disease-causing bacteria penetrate the ducts of the salivary glands, provoking inflammation and swelling.

The mucosa becomes irritated, and saliva begins to be actively produced as a protective reaction to the effects of pathogens and their metabolic products.

In the case of abundant salivation, the cause is a disease of the digestive system, for example:

  • gastritis and peptic ulcer disease;
  • pancreatic dysfunction;
  • increased acidity;
  • tumors;
  • liver pathology.

Hypersalivation occurs if the vagus nerve is irritated, with Parkinson's disease and some other disorders in the brain and spinal cord.

Other reasons why drooling can also be:

Causes of abundant salivation in a child

Causes of abundant salivation in a child

Hypersalivation is the norm in babies aged 3-6 months and during the period when the first teeth are cut. Pathological causes of abundant salivation in a child are:

  • digestive disorders and diseases of the digestive tract;
  • stomatitis;
  • sialodermatitis;
  • ingress of pathogens into the oral cavity;
  • helminth infection.

Excessive salivation is possible in children with cerebral palsy. Muscles of the mouth and face in this disease are uncoordinated due to impaired brain function.

Hypersalivation can be false, that is, not caused by health problems. In this case, the amount of salivary secretions secreted does not exceed the norm, but the child does not swallow it.

You can overcome this by teaching your baby to swallow saliva and eliminating the habit of keeping your mouth constantly open. A light massage of the soft palate can help in this, and for exercising the facial muscles it is useful to give the child hard vegetables (carrots, apples).

Abundant night saliva

Normally, at night, less saliva is secreted than during the day. The reason for abundant salivation in humans during sleep are:

  1. Breathing through the mouth due to diseases of the nasopharynx (rhinitis, sinusitis), allergic rhinitis, nasal septum curvature;
  2. Sleep problems, nervous overstrain - since the activity of the salivary glands depends on the work of the brain, anxiety, intermittent sleep lead to abundant salivation;
  3. Abnormal bite, in which the jaws are closed unevenly, which leads to leakage of accumulated saliva.

Excessive salivation - a sign of pregnancy?

The cause of increased salivation in women is early toxicosis, in which an increase in the amount of saliva is provoked by a deterioration in the cerebral circulation. After 10-12 weeks, this problem most often passes.

Strengthening the secretion of saliva during childbirth may increase the acidity of the stomach, which is a manifestation of toxicosis. Concomitant manifestations with this are heartburn , nausea, vomiting.

During pregnancy, increased salivation can also be caused by a deficiency of vitamins and a weakened immune system against this background. Preventing this allows for good nutrition and the intake of vitamin-mineral complexes from the very beginning of pregnancy, and ideally - before its onset.

To consider hypersalivation as a direct sign of pregnancy is wrong.

How to treat increased salivation?

How to treat increased salivation

To eliminate excessive salivation in an adult or child, you should first find out its cause. To do this, go to the reception to the therapist. After studying the complaints, initial examination and examination, he will prescribe the necessary therapy or refer him to a more specialized specialist - a gastroenterologist, a neuropathologist, an endocrinologist, or others.

Depending on the cause of hypersalivation, treatment by a dentist may be required to correct the bite, treatment of helminthiasis or diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and other pathologies.

If abundant salivation is caused by neurological disorders or ischemic stroke, then in addition to eliminating the underlying disease, facial massage and physiotherapy exercises are shown.

Of the drugs, the production of saliva is suppressed by anticholinergics - Scopolamine, Platifillin, Riabal. Their possible side effects are increased heart rate, decreased visual acuity and dry mouth.

At the discretion of the attending physician, other methods can be used to reduce or block saliva discharge:

  • Partial removal of the salivary glands;
  • Radiation therapy;
  • Injection of Botox into the salivary glands;
  • Cryotherapy course;
  • Homeopathic treatment, for example, the use of tablets or injections of the drug Mercurius Heel, shown in the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory apparatus, diseases of the glands, abscess of the tonsils.

Folk methods makes sense to apply if there are no diseases that led to the abundant secretion of saliva.

Among them, rinsing the mouth with such means is effective:

  • camomile tea;
  • decoction of oak bark;
  • vegetable oils (olive, sunflower, linseed or others);
  • decoction of viburnum berries;
  • alcohol tincture of water pepper or shepherd's bag (½ tbsp. per 100 ml of warm water).

Prevention of abundant salivation is the prevention and treatment of major diseases that provoke the activity of the salivary glands, healthy nutrition, a decrease in the diet of foods high in starch and hygiene of the oral cavity.

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