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Decryption of analyzes

Standards blood test for women, decoding online table

Blood tests provide important information to judge a woman’s health. Used to diagnose the disease or conclusions about the effectiveness of a particular method of treatment.

Blood for analysis, depending on its type, may be venous (usually taken from the cubital vein) or capillary (from the finger). The analysis is an additional method of examination, it is prescribed by the doctor taking into account the existing complaints and the results of an objective examination of the patient.

What are the blood tests?

Blood tests are classified into several types depending on the purpose:

  • General clinical - information on the number of erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets, hemoglobin level and hematocrit, i.e. about the main indicators characterizing the parameters of homeostasis.
  • Hormonal - reflects the functional state of the endocrine system at different levels.
  • Biochemical - determines the concentration of important chemical compounds (cholesterol, protein, bilirubin, electrolytes, residual nitrogen, etc.).
  • Serological - reveals antibodies to specific infections, their classes and the severity of the immune response.

This is a general characteristic, but each of these species has its own subspecies. Recently, they began to give names in the form of Latin abbreviations, which introduced some ambiguity. However, online decoding of blood tests has not changed significantly.

Content

Decoding of blood tests for women, table

standards for blood tests for women table

Approximate standards in deciphering a clinical blood test knows almost every woman, because This is the most frequently conducted research in medical practice. At least once each patient was prescribed this analysis.

It allows you to assess the state of the coagulation system, to identify anemia and existing immune changes, but for more detailed diagnosis requires more focused research.

General clinical blood analysis provides important general information. Ease of execution makes the study indispensable in practical medicine.
The main parameters that are evaluated by a clinical blood test are:

  1. Hemoglobin.
  2. Erythrocytes.
  3. Leukocytes and their fractions in relative terms - lymphocytes, eosinophils, neutrophils (including their immature forms), basophils.
  4. Platelets.
  5. Hematocrit.
  6. The rate at which erythrocytes settle (ESR).

The norms of blood tests for women - a table with decoding

Indicators Valid Values
TSH 0.4 - 4 mIU / l
Hemoglobin 120-140 g / l
Red blood cells 3.5 - 4.7 thousand / ml
White blood cells 4-9 thousand / l
Platelets 180-320 thousand / l
ESR 3 - 15 mm / h
Hematocrit 35-47%
Cholesterol 3.6 - 7.8 mmol / l

Components of analysis - what do abnormalities mean for women?

Deciphering the norms of blood tests for women

In some cases, it can be limited to carrying out not a complete clinical analysis, but its individual components — we will consider them.

PLT - Estimation of platelet count (plt) is usually performed in cases where there are indications of increased bleeding or the patient is taking medications that affect the state of the coagulation system (for example, aspirin, warfarin, etc.).

The rate of plt in a blood test for women ranges from 180 to 320 thousand cells per liter. A decrease in this indicator indicates a reduced clotting activity, and an increase indicates a tendency to thrombosis.

Wbc in a blood test is a count of the number of white blood cells, i.e. leukocytes. This part of a general clinical study is recommended when there is a suspicion of inflammatory processes or to evaluate a woman’s response to anti-inflammatory therapy.

Normal values ​​of the number of leukocytes in women are 4-9 thousand in 1l. Higher rates reflect the presence of an inflammatory response in the body, and a decrease indicates an immune depletion (immunodeficiency). It may be associated with a long-term infection in the body or with genetic defects in the structure of leukocytes (congenital immunodeficiency).

Htc in the blood test reflects the percentage ratio of formed elements to the circulating plasma volume. This study is the most informative for diagnosing dehydration. Therefore, the definition of hematocrit recommended for bleeding, intestinal infections, accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea, feverish conditions, etc.

One of the most frequent hormonal studies conducted to study women's health is to determine the concentration of TSH in the blood.

TSH - This hormone is produced by the pituitary gland. The stimulus for its synthesis is the concentration of thyroxine and triiodothyronine in the blood (the thyroid gland forms these hormones). To study the level of TSH was informative, it is recommended to complement it by determining the concentration of thyroid hormones. Based on this analysis, the doctor identifies several levels of endocrine activity:

  • Normal values ​​of TSH and thyroid hormones (euthyroidism).
  • Elevated TSH and reduced levels of peripheral hormones produced by the thyroid gland, argue for hypothyroidism .
  • The opposite situation (decrease in TSH and increase in two peripheral hormones) is regarded as hyperthyroidism .

The rate of TSH in a blood test for women does not exceed 4 mIU / L. The lower limit is 0.4 mIU / L. However, these standards can vary considerably depending on the calibration of the apparatus and the reagent used.

Therefore, each laboratory involved in determining the hormonal profile, always in the form of analyzes indicates the reference values ​​within which there is no pathology. Going beyond this is regarded as a decrease or increase in the function of the endocrine organ.

In some cases, to increase the information content of the analysis, the presence of antibodies to certain proteins of the thyroid gland and their concentration are also determined. They help to clarify the nature of the existing hypo-or hyperthyroidism. The most common cause of this condition is autoimmune thyroiditis.

The resulting pathological antibodies initially stimulate the production of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism). Later, due to damage to the follicles of the thyroid gland by the same antibodies, the function of the organ decreases, which is manifested by hypothyroidism.

Timely diagnosis of these conditions helps to conduct replacement therapy with appropriate hormonal drugs and prevent the development of complications.

standards for blood tests in women table with decoding

Biochemical analysis of blood reflects the efficiency of metabolism, depending on many factors. An important component of it is lipidogram, which assesses the intensity and adequacy of fat (lipid) metabolism. This study determines the levels of the following substances:

  • Triglycerides.
  • Total cholesterol.
  • Cholesterol associated with lipoproteins (composed of high, low and very low density lipoproteins).

The cholesterol norm in the blood test is from 3.6 to 7.8 mmol / l. Values ​​that comply with regulations reflect a low risk of atherosclerosis.

In more detail, this risk can be assessed if we determine the quantitative value of cholesterol in the composition of lipoproteins, expressed as a percentage. Its predominance in particles of high density indicates a low atherogenic potential.

The converse is also true - raising cholesterol in low and very low density lipoproteins increases the likelihood of atherosclerotic vascular lesions.

The norms of biochemical analysis of blood reflect the correct course of metabolic reactions in the female body.

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