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An abscess on the finger near the nail - treatment and prevention, the frequent causes of abscesses

Every day our hands touch many objects and liquids. Although nature also took care of that the skin of hands was more dense, and fingertips are protected by nail plates, it is not always possible to avoid damages.

Infection can easily penetrate through minor lesions, which are not given importance. In a few hours or days you can find the presence of a foci of inflammation or an abscess.

Particular caution should be shown if a purulent abscess appeared on the finger near the nail. This is the so-called paronychia or okolonogtevoj panaritium.

It would seem, a banal inflammation, but a purulent abscess is a very insidious disease. In especially neglected cases, the probability of losing a finger or the entire limb is high. In the absence of treatment paronychia can give serious complications, up to microbial infection of the blood and the development of sepsis.

Content

Causes of an abscess near the nail

An abscess on the finger near the nail

The appearance of an abscess near the nail can occur at any age. Sexual accessory also does not matter much, although it is believed that more often paronychia occurs in women.

This is due to the fact that the female half of the population often makes a manicure and is engaged in everyday household work. This serves as a prerequisite for more frequent traumatic effects on the cuticle and the skin of the fingers.

The causes of purulent inflammation near the nail are as follows:

  1. Damage cuticle when doing a manicure. Especially often this occurs when a manicure is trimmed, when too many tissues are cut off. Mikroranki become the entrance gate for infection, and purulent inflammation develops.
  2. The habit of gnawing nails or sucking your fingers. Especially it concerns children. In childhood, the emergence of paronychia phenomenon is not uncommon.
  3. Growth of the nail. Most often it is observed on the legs. The ingrown nail injures okolonogtevye platens, provoking an inflammatory reaction. When joining the infection, suppuration occurs.
  4. Professions related to permanent microtrauma of the skin of hands or the need to come into contact with liquids and chemical agents: locksmiths, hairdressers, cooks, cleaners, dishwashers, builders, medical orderlies, etc.
  5. The presence of internal diseases. For example, diabetes mellitus or vascular disease, when blood circulation in the fingers and toes is affected. At the slightest damage to the skin, long-term healing wounds are formed.
  6. Paronychia can be a fungal nature, especially if a person suffers from a fungus of nails or a fungus of the skin on the feet.

Symptoms and stages of an abscess

Symptoms and stages of an abscess

Recognition of the okolonogevyh panaricium, as a rule, does not cause difficulties even in people far from medicine. Symptoms of an abscess on the finger are very pronounced, and the abscess develops rapidly and becomes noticeable to the naked eye.

Stages of paronychia development:

  • Edema and infiltration.
  • Suppuration.

In the first stage of the disease marked swelling of the finger and redness. The finger is warm or hot to the touch, sharply painful on palpation, pain is noted and at rest. Movement with a finger is not possible.

In the stage of suppuration, the pain becomes unbearable, often has a pulsating character. During this period, the body temperature may rise, weakness may be noted. Near the nail is visualized a site of accumulation of pus, which has a round or ribbon-like shape.

How to treat an abscess on a finger near the nail?

How to treat an abscess on a finger near the nail

Unfortunately, the medical institution rarely gets with the initial stage of the abscess near the nail. Most often people try to treat it at home, underestimating the situation.

To treat an abscess on the finger with conservative methods is possible only in the stage of infiltration and edema, whether on the arm or leg. When pus appears, there is an urgent need to open the abscess and wash the wound.

Conservative methods of treatment:

  • Baths. The effectiveness of the baths depends on the time when the disease was detected. The sooner the treatment is started, the better the chances of recovery. Remove the inflammation will help the tub from a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Duration of the procedure is 20-30 minutes.
  • Applying ointments. Well proven in the treatment paronynichia ointment Vishnevsky , Levomikol and Dioxydinovaya ointment.
  • Reception of antibiotics. The choice of antibacterial drugs for treating an abscess near the nail is performed by a doctor. Taking antibiotics on your own is dangerous for your health!
  • In the case of the fungal nature of the disease, antimycotic preparations are prescribed, which can be in the form of tablets, ointments or talkers.

Surgical methods of treatment:

  • Autopsy of the abscess. The surgeon will do local anesthesia, and then use a scalpel to remove the dead tissue. The wound is thoroughly washed, antibiotics are administered, an aseptic dressing is applied.
  • Removal of ingrown nail.

An abscess on the finger near the nail on the leg can be treated at home at the initial stage and only if it is not associated with the ingrown toenail.

If there is a problem with the ingrowth of the nail into the peri-oral roller, only surgical treatment aimed at complete removal of the nail plate will help.

The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. The doctor will remove the nail, introduce antibacterial drugs, apply a sterile bandage with healing ointment. Within a week it will be necessary to be like bandages. The new nail will grow in 6-8 months.

Recommendations for prophylaxis of the okolonogovye panaritium

To exclude the appearance of purulent inflammation near your nails, you need to be more attentive to yourself and observe a number of simple rules:

  • Any damage to the skin of the hands and feet immediately treated with antiseptic solutions (zelenka, iodine, chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide).
  • Do a gentle manicure, do not tear off the burrs, do not gnaw the nails.
  • Regularly cut nails, trying to saw sharp ends.
  • All work related to water, contaminated objects or chemical reagents should be carried out in dense rubber gloves.
  • In time, remove splinters that fall under the skin or nails.
  • Treat fungal diseases of nails and skin.
  • Monitor the health of the body as a whole.
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