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Thrush in men: symptoms and treatment, first signs, prevention


The disease develops due to the penetration into the urogenital system of yeast fungi of the genus Candida. These microorganisms colonize the microflora of any healthy man, but if their level exceeds the norm, we can talk about the occurrence of candidiasis (the second name for thrush).

Many representatives of the stronger sex are interested in the question of whether a thrush is transmitted to a man from a woman. Doctors give an affirmative answer and explain that this is only one of the possible ways of infection.

If a man leads an active lifestyle, eats properly, has strong immunity, has no bad habits and is in a relationship with a regular partner, in whose health he is completely certain - the risk of being infected with thrush is reduced to zero.

Content

Types and causes of candidiasis in men

Thrush in men

Depending on the localization of the infection, there are three most common types of the disease.

  1. General lesion of the skin .
  2. The defeat of the oral mucosa.
  3. The defeat of the glans penis.

Of course, men can become infected with candidiasis due to unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected partner. However, this way of infection is rare due to the peculiarities of the structure of the male genital organs.

A more likely cause of the pathology is the presence of one or more predisposing factors:

  • Diseases that reduce the immune system (cancer pathologies, HIV, diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs);
  • Endocrine Disorders For example, hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism may contribute to the appearance of thrush in men. The causes of this disease may lie in the presence of diabetes, as well as metabolic disorders, which lead to obesity;
  • Immunodeficiency and avitaminosis, caused by a violation of the digestive system and poorly balanced diet;
  • Infectious diseases of the urogenital system, accompanied by inflammatory processes and developed as a result of the penetration of mycoplasmas into the body, trichomonads, chlamydia;
  • Disruption of the natural microflora balance;
  • Abusive effects on the body of ultraviolet radiation;
  • Congenital or acquired phimosis;
  • Frequent emotional overload;
  • Regular and prolonged cases of hypothermia;
  • The absence of antifungal therapy with long-term use of corticosteroids, immunosuppressants and antibacterial drugs.

The first signs and symptoms of thrush in men

The first signs of thrush in men

The first signs of thrush in men are observed after the incubation period, which lasts an average of 5 days. During this time, candidiasis develops in stages.

  1. Stage 1st. During this period, the fungus should be able to gain a foothold in the body, namely, on the surface of any of the mucous membranes.
  2. Stage 2 At this stage, the fungus actively reproduces. If the immunity is not weakened, the body suppresses the pathogenic microflora on its own and this disease dies away. But, if the immune system has failed, the microorganisms begin to actively divide, respectively, the thrush enters the next stage of development.
  3. Stage 3. The fungus penetrates into the deeper layers of tissue. Local protective cells, such as antibodies, microphages, and leukocytes, may interfere with this process.
  4. Stage 4th. If these cells do not properly perform a protective function, the bacteria enter the blood lymph and the general bloodstream carries them throughout the body. It is at this stage that there is an extensive lesion of many internal organs.

After the incubation period, the following primary signs of thrush in men appear:

  • discomfort in the crotch area;
  • burning in urination;
  • itching in the penis area:
  • general weakness;
  • deterioration of psycho-emotional state;
  • increased fatigue.

Symptoms of thrush in men

Symptoms of thrush in men

After the first signs described above, men develop secondary symptoms of thrush, which are expressed:

  • in swelling and redness of the external genitalia;
  • in hyperemia and peeling of the skin in the crotch area, underarms and in the fold area between the buttocks and fingers;
  • in pain when urinating;
  • in the appearance of a rash on the affected areas of the skin;
  • in discomfort during erection;
  • in the formation of whitish plaque on the oral mucosa, as well as on the surface of the foreskin and around the urethra;
  • in the difficult process of pulling and pulling the head of the penis;
  • in the appearance of an unpleasant sour smell;
  • in systematic discharge from the urethra of white-gray discharge of curd consistency.

Treatment of thrush in men: traditional and traditional methods

Traditional-methods-treatment of thrush

Traditional methods

Candidiasis requires timely and comprehensive therapy. If the disease is in its initial stages of development, local use of drugs that have antifungal effect will suffice. The most common are clotrimazole and Triderm ointment.

If thrush affected the oral mucosa, the doctor prescribes antiseptics, special drops, aerosols and sprays to the patient:

  • Candide;
  • Econazole;
  • Lyugol;
  • Miramistin;
  • Hexoral;
  • Chlorhexidine;
  • Hexiditin.

In determining the most appropriate therapy, the specialist necessarily takes into account the stage of development of the thrush in men. Symptoms and treatment also depend on the reasons for the disease. In addition, complex therapy involves the appointment of immunomodulators and vitamin complexes. Of particular importance is the intake of vitamins B2, C, PP and B6.

In the absence of disorders of the immune system, candidiasis in men disappears 3-4 days after the start of therapy. To consolidate the result, doctors recommend to undergo a full treatment course, the duration of which is about 2 weeks.

Despite the fact that the male body is capable of more effective resistance to the effects of fungi of the genus Candida, the acute stage of the disease is much harder for men. If the course of candidiasis is aggressive, it becomes necessary to use antifungal drugs in capsules and tablets.

The most common pills for thrush for men:

  • Flucostat;
  • Mikosist;
  • Pimafucin;
  • Fluconazole ;
  • Forkan;
  • Diflazon;
  • Medoflucon

In the process of treatment of thrush men recommended diet. The diet should be enriched with high protein foods. Doctors advise to refrain from eating bakery products and sweets.

Folk methods

Medicines made from natural ingredients and herbs, sometimes capable of doing real miracles, especially if the disease has not passed into the chronic stage, and has a mild course. But, regardless of the manifestations of thrush in men, traditional medicine should be an adjuvant therapy.

Contrast baths

Prepare a decoction of chamomile and calendula. To do this, grind and mix the herbs, pour 20 g of the mixture with 400 g of water and boil for 10 minutes. Then fill one basin with cold water, the second - tolerably hot. Pour 200 ml of broth into each basin.

Sit alternately in a basin of hot and cold water. Continue the procedure until you no longer feel the temperature difference clearly.

Garlic tincture

Crush 2 cloves of garlic to a mushy consistency. This gruel is an effective medicine for thrush in men, which allows not only to get rid of pathogenic microflora, but also to improve the immune system. Fill the garlic mass with boiled water at room temperature (100 ml).

Insist about 4 hours, covering the container with gauze. Then strain the mush and the resulting solution lubricate the places affected by candidiasis. If during the treatment you feel a strong burning sensation, the next time, before applying the product, lubricate the skin with a greasy cream.

Salt and Cognac

In half a liter of high-quality brandy, add 15 g of table salt. Stir the liquid thoroughly until the salt is completely dissolved. On an empty stomach before breakfast, mix 1 tablespoon of salty brandy solution with 3 tablespoons of boiled water and drink. The course of treatment lasts until the end of the whole cognac.

Possible complications

  1. Infertility.
  2. Diseases of any of the departments of the urinary system (kidney, ureter, bladder).
  3. Vesiculitis
  4. Chronic prostatitis.

Prevention of thrush in men

  • Wear underwear made from natural fabric.
  • Watch for personal hygiene. Wash your penis regularly, then wipe it dry. It is not recommended to use soap or gel with fruit or flower fragrances.
  • If your partner is sick with thrush, it is advisable to completely eliminate sexual contact with her, or you should use a condom during the proximity process.
  • Watch your diet. Avoid spicy dishes, muffins, sweets. Eat more fermented milk products, cereals, fresh vegetables, berries and fruits.
  • Expose the body to regular physical exertion.
  • Get rid of bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse).
  • Strengthen the immune system. Carry out tempering procedures, take vitamin complexes.

And another important aspect, the implementation of which involves the prevention of thrush in men, is the timely visit to the doctor when it detects the first signs of candidiasis.

If the disease manifests itself in the oral mucosa or skin, go to a dermatologist, or on the mucous membrane of the genital organs - to the urologist.

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