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Weeping eczema: symptoms and treatment, causes

Skin diseases are sometimes impossible to hide under clothes, and this creates additional difficulties in communicating a sick person with other people. Rash, ulcers and purulent abscesses cause a feeling of disgust and fear of catching the infection, because of which the desire for relationships with the carrier of such deficiencies is lost.

But not every disease is transmitted by household and airborne droplets. Although weeping eczema on the hands and fingers is noticeable even with a cursory examination, the patient, and not his surroundings, should be worried: the pathology does not spread during contact.

Content

Soaking eczema, what is it?

Weeping eczema

When weeping eczema, the skin becomes covered with such a pronounced rash that the dermatologist has no doubts about the diagnosis. Initially, the outer cover turns red, then tiny vesicles appear, filled with liquid. The bubbles open spontaneously, not even having time to take shape into large structures.

At the site of the vesicles are formed "wells" - depressions in the skin, which are constantly filled with serous exudate. Hence the name of the disease - weeping eczema. The size of the grooves is very small, but their number is so large that the affected skin does not dry out.

Weeping eczema appears on the hands, feet, head or all over the body. There are options for both the local course of the disease, and generalized.

Causes of disease

Currently, the wet eczema scientists interpret as an allergic disease. There are several forms of pathology, but all of them are accompanied by skin erosion. Doctors find it difficult to name any one cause of the disease, tending to a whole complex of factors:

  • Exposure to allergens (chemical, food, etc.).
  • Diseases of the internal organs (kidneys, liver, heart, glands, etc.).
  • Mechanical damage to the skin.

The decisive role is not assigned to either exogenous or endogenous factors. In the early stages of the study, it was believed that weeping eczema on the legs and arms develops due to a nervous breakdown. In particular, a similar rash was observed in case of innervation disorder due to injury.

In modern medicine, the concept of a close relationship between the immune and nervous systems prevails, so medki call these factors complementary to each other.

Current data indicate a high value of allergens in the development of the disease. Probably, many are familiar with runny nose and tearing due to ambrosia or poplar fluff soaring in the air? Eczema has a similar nature, although there are no such symptoms. The principle itself is important: the disease occurs as a reaction to external stimuli under the condition of internal imbalance.

In human blood, protective compounds are represented by peptide chains, which are called immunoglobulins. They play the role of a natural barrier to the spread of alien genes. There are several types of immunoglobulins, and each of them performs a specific function.

Laboratory analysis of the blood of patients with moist eczema demonstrates a pronounced imbalance of protective compounds. For example, IgE is present in excess, although in a normal state plasma is not rich in them at all. Also off scale, and the concentration of IgG - the main substance responsible for the secondary immune response.

Doctors note a deficiency of IgM immunoglobulin, which is embedded in the membrane of a B-lymphocyte and recognizes foreign antigens. Synthesis of protective cells increases with the disease, but they do not acquire a “weapon” due to a lack of IgM. Thus, moist eczema is rightly considered a pathology of the immune system.

Heredity also plays an important role. Each person has genes that are responsible for the immune response. And if the parents are allergic to anything, then in children the likelihood of developing eczema is increased by 40%.

Stages of weeping eczema

Stages of weeping eczema

A key feature of weeping eczema is a skin rash, accompanied by the release of serous exudate. Doctors call the 4 stages of the course of the disease, which are characterized by certain symptoms:

  1. Erythematous (redness of the skin).
  2. Vesicular (vesicles filled with fluid appear).
  3. Weeping (bubbles burst, a “well” is formed with a plentiful exudate).
  4. Cortical (wounds dry out and become covered with a crust, under which a new layer of epithelium is formed).

It rarely happens that eczema affects only a small area. Usually, foci of illness appear on the face and limbs, gradually spreading to other parts of the body. In this case, the patient is worried about pronounced itching, which is intensified with exacerbation of the pathological process. Sometimes a person on the background of eczema even appear neurotic disorders in the form of insomnia and irritability.

Pathology is characterized by undulating course, i.e. Signs of each stage may be present at the same time. When treating the acute form of weeping eczema, the symptoms lose their intensity, but the disease often returns - a chronic form develops. In this case, the skin undergoes the process of lichenization, which doctors call the secondary consequence of the rash:

  • the pattern of the outer cover changes;
  • peeling increases;
  • pigmentation is disturbed;
  • skin thickens;
  • often the disease spreads throughout the body.

Therefore, the treatment of moist eczema should not be put on the back burner, otherwise it will be much more difficult to get rid of it. In clinical practice, even registered cases of long-term course of the disease.

Symptoms of weeping eczema by type

Doctors distinguish several types of illness. Of course, all of them are accompanied by skin erosion, but various factors can trigger the pathological process. So, the classification is as follows:

1. True eczema:

  • all stages are pronounced;
  • the boundaries of the foci are poorly defined;
  • It is difficult to establish the allergen that caused the rash.

2. Microbial:

  • appears due to the pathogenic activity of bacteria;
  • clear boundaries;
  • in addition to serous exudate, pus is also formed.

3. Mycotic:

  • the cause is allergy to fungal infection;
  • clear boundaries;
  • hard to cure due to the resistance of fungi.

4. Seborrheic:

  • develops on the background of seborrhea - enhanced function of the sebaceous glands;
  • on the skin are formed spots in the form of rings and garlands.

5. Professional:

  • often affected people whose work is related to chemicals;
  • all signs of true form.

Symptoms of weeping eczema

6. Dyshidrotic:

  • localized on the palms and soles;
  • redness of the skin is mild;
  • bubbles may coalesce to form large vesicles;
  • often extends to the nails, hands and feet.

7. Tilotic:

  • also develops on palms and soles;
  • in place of the bubbles formed corns.

8. Children’s:

  • the most pronounced weeping stage;
  • often develops on the background of artificial feeding;
  • recorded deaths from eczema in infants.

9. Varicose:

  • localized in the area of ​​the veins, dilated due to varicose veins;
  • clear boundaries;
  • mild itching;
  • sometimes confused with microbial eczema.

10. Cycosiform

  • occurs on the background of inflammation of the hair follicles - sycosis;
  • severe itching;
  • skin lichenisation is developing rapidly.

11. Eczema nipples:

  • crimson pockets;
  • crusts are layered and cracked;
  • clear boundaries (around the nipples);
  • is difficult to treat;
  • often due to breastfeeding injury.

As can be seen from this list, weeping eczema occurs for various reasons. Although the underlying pathological immune response to stimuli, the symptoms of the disease do not appear equally.

In some cases, erythema of the skin is not observed at all, in others, the stages of formation of vesicles or discharge of serous exudate are acutely pronounced, in the third, foci are formed only as a result of another disease. In general, the therapeutic course will depend on the diagnosis.

Treatment for weeping eczema

Treatment for weeping eczema

Curing moist eczema is very problematic. The fact is that there are certain difficulties in identifying allergens to which a person has a reaction. Antibiotics are primarily used against the microbial form of the disease, but after such therapy it is necessary to focus on a set of measures aimed at eliminating eczema itself:

1. Establish an allergen and exclude contact with it:

  • chemical compounds (cleaning and detergents, powders, cosmetics, etc.);
  • food (sweet, salty, smoked, etc.);
  • plant components (pollen, fluff, etc.).

2. Reduce the sensitivity of the body:

  • gluconate and calcium chloride (intravenously);
  • can not be administered intramuscularly, otherwise there will be necrosis and an abscess at the injection site.

3. Relieve inflammation:

  • antihistamines (Zyrtec, Telfast);
  • corticosteroids (Prednisolone, Dexamethasone).

4. Reduce intoxication:

  • Hemodez-N, saline and the like are administered intravenously;
  • Enterosgel or Polysorb is taken orally (toxins often get through the intestines).

5. Correct immunity:

  • vitamin complexes (A, E, C, group B);
  • Interferon preparations (Cycloferon, Viferon).

6. Strengthen the walls of blood vessels and reduce blood viscosity:

  • Xantinol nicotinate;
  • Trental.

7. Relieve nervous tension:

  • preparations of valerian, mint, motherwort;
  • bromides (Bechterew's mixture);
  • sleeping pills in small doses.

8. Improve the work of the digestive tract:

  • dairy products;
  • enzymatic complexes (Mezim, Festal).

9. Eliminate itching:

  • hormone-based ointments (Prednisolone, Hydrocortisone);
  • folk remedies (aloe juice, menthol oil).

Wet eczema on the legs is well treated with special baths. For this purpose, you will need to take 5-6 cones and 2 sprigs of pine. Pour the ingredients in 3 liters of boiling water and infuse for 1 hour, then filter and add to the heated water. Bath temperature should be 40-50 ° C.

Similarly, perform the procedure with such well-known anti-inflammatory agent, like chamomile. To prepare the infusion take 1 tablespoon of dried and crushed plants in 1 liter of water.

Doctors usually recommend hydrocortisone ointment for weeping eczema. The drug has a hormonal nature, so it is not always possible to avoid side effects in the form of increased blood pressure and adrenal suppression.

In order not to harm the body, traditional healers advise to apply ointment based on coltsfoot:

  1. 50 g of fresh leaves scroll in a meat grinder.
  2. Add 25 g of fresh milk.
  3. Mix thoroughly.
  4. Insist 2 hours.
  5. Bedtime smear affected areas.
  6. Wrap cellophane.
  7. Repeat the procedure for 3 days in a row.

Prevention

If a person is sick with a weeping eczema, then you need to make every effort to get rid of the disease. With inadequate treatment, the ailment may return and take on a chronic form. And although eliminating allergens from life is not easy, compliance with preventive recommendations will significantly reduce the risk of recurrence:

  • Use only natural fabrics (no synthetics!).
  • Adhere to a diet that excludes food allergens.
  • Exclude cosmetics, if it was the cause of eczema.
  • Choose household products that do not cause allergies.
  • Use moisturizers.
  • Strengthen immunity (vitamins, hardening, sports).
  • Avoid psycho-emotional stress (provoke physiological failures).

Weeping eczema occurs as a result of a pathological immune response to external and internal stimuli. The mechanism of the development of an allergic reaction and the appearance of a rash is so complex that there is no special medicine that prevents the disease. Yes, and cure eczema, too, is difficult. Therefore, you should avoid contact with substances that can cause allergies.

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