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Urolithiasis in women: symptoms and treatment, folk remedies

In medicine, urolithiasis is called urolithiasis and abbreviated as ICD. It is characterized by the presence of one or several stones (stones) in one of the sections of the urinary system - the kidneys, ureter or bladder.

This disease, in addition to the possible severe course, can have negative complications up to the development of renal failure.

Urolithiasis in women is diagnosed less frequently than in men, but despite this statistics, a considerable number of women of all ages suffer from it.

As a rule, urolithiasis is characterized by the presence of formations in one kidney or on one side of the ureter or bladder. And only in 15% of cases concrements are present in both kidneys or on both sides of the indicated sections of the urinary system. In almost all patients, the presence of a certain type of stones - coral.

Content

Causes of urolithiasis

urolithiasis in women The mechanism of the development of the disease in each woman is individual and complex. Identify any specific cause of urolithiasis is almost impossible. However, doctors called several external and internal factors contributing to the appearance of insoluble compounds in the urinary system, which subsequently undergo changes - transformed into calculi.

That is why, if there is a suspicion of the presence of urolithiasis and to prevent its further development, it is necessary to undergo a series of studies, including a urine test.

Exogenous (external) predisposing factors

  • Maintaining a sedentary lifestyle.
  • Acceptance of certain drugs that are prescribed to treat diseases such as HIV, malignant neoplasms, pyelonephritis.
  • Sedentary work.
  • Wrong diet.
  • The constant use of drinking water with a specific chemical composition.
  • Ecology and climatic conditions of the region of residence.

Endogenous (internal) predisposing factors

  • The presence of certain diseases that provoke an increase in the level of urea, oxalate, calcium and cystine in the body, as well as changes in blood pH. Such pathologies include, for example, gout, tumor neoplasms, liver cirrhosis.
  • Disruption of the digestive system of organs.
  • Functional disruption of hormonal levels.
  • The presence of congenital abnormalities.
  • Disruption of the immune system.
  • Genetic predisposition.
  • Changing the level of acidity of urine.
  • Endocrine diseases.
  • The presence of acute or chronic infection in the organs of the urinary system.

Competent specialists have reason to argue that with the simultaneous effect of several of the factors listed on the woman's body, there is a high probability of developing urolithiasis.

Concrement classification

Depending on its composition, the stones are divided into 4 classes.

Substances of which stones are composed Reasons for education
1. Cystine Hereditary factor (extremely rare type)
2. Urea Constant excess of urea in urine and / or blood
3. Ammonia, magnesium Urinary infection
4. Calcium, phosphates, oxalates Excessive levels of these substances in the blood and urine

Symptoms of urolithiasis in women

Symptoms of urolithiasis in women

When making a diagnosis, in addition to the results of research, the symptoms of urolithiasis in women are of great importance, since they depend on the localization of calculus, their structure, quantitative indicator, shape and size. The following are the main symptoms indicating the occurrence of urolithiasis.

1. Deterioration of general well-being

This is a fairly common manifestation, which can speak both about the development of pathological processes in the body, and about insignificant disturbances, accompanied by reversible processes (for example, with fatigue, lack of sleep).

This painful condition begins with chills, which does not stop for a long time. Most often this indicates not only the occurrence of pathology, but also the development of pyelonephritis.

If urolithiasis is suspected, it is recommended to pass a urine test first. If there are leukocytes in its composition, the disappointing diagnosis is likely to be confirmed.

2. The appearance of blood in the urine

Such a symptom of urolithiasis in medicine is called hematuria. In some cases, the amount of blood in the composition of urine is so small that it is possible to reveal its presence only by conducting a microscopic examination.

Spectrally, the opposite is true if urine changes its color noticeably. She can get a pale pink or rich red hue. This phenomenon is called gross hematuria. The presence of blood in the urine due to the fact that dense calculi, having sharp edges, damage the walls of the ureter.

3. Pain syndrome

The vast majority of patients suffering from urolithiasis, note that pain occurs periodically and is paroxysmal in nature. As a rule, the attack begins with aching pain, which subsequently increases.

4. Unexpected interruption of urinary flow

Such a symptom signals that the stones are most likely localized in the bladder. Urination is difficult and quickened. This feature may be “blurred” or pronounced, as urolithiasis is manifested in women in different ways.

Depending on which part of the urinary system there are stones, there is a certain character and degree of symptoms.

Localization of stones Characteristic symptoms
Bladder 1. Severity in the region of one of the hypochondria, perineum, lower abdomen, genitals

2. Frequent and difficult urination, which is accompanied by rezmy

3. urine cloudiness

4. Blood as part of urine.

Ureter 1. Feeling that the bladder is not fully emptied.

2. Pain in the genital area, thighs and groin

3. Renal colic

4. Acute pain in the abdominal area, which can give into the perineum and lower limbs

5. Attacks of nausea repeated vomiting

Kidney 1. Dull pain in the upper lumbar region

2. The presence of blood in the urine

It is important to know! - Urolithiasis may be asymptomatic and may appear completely by chance, for example, during the examination of any internal organs. Stones can stay in one or several parts of the urinary system for years and do not make themselves felt, do not provoke the appearance of symptoms and any discomfort.

Diagnosis of urolithiasis

The complexity of the diagnosis of ICD is the need for its differentiation (separation, determination of differences) from many other pathologies, among which are:

  • The presence of stones in the gallbladder;
  • Peptic ulcer in the acute stage;
  • Violation of the course of pregnancy (as in uterine and ectopic fetal development);
  • Inflammation of the appendix.

Diagnosis of urolithiasis includes:

  • Examination by a specialist and anamnesis. The urologist will certainly ask the patient when the first symptoms appeared, what was their nature and severity, whether she was treated for ICD earlier, whether there were any disorders of the immune system and a number of other issues;
  • Biochemical and general clinical blood analysis;
  • Urinalysis. This includes biochemistry, sensitivity to antibacterial drugs, seeding, degree of acidity;
    Assessment of the urinary tract;
  • The study of the kidneys using radioisotope and biochemical methods;
  • Ultrasound and CT of all parts of the urinary system;
  • A study to determine the degree of density of stones;
  • Urography It can be carried out by two methods - excretory (a contrast agent is injected) and survey (pictures of the affected areas are taken).

Treatment of urolithiasis, drugs

The conservative method of treatment of urolithiasis is carried out taking into account a comprehensive and systematic approach, involves the administration of certain drugs. Medicines are prescribed depending on the composition of rooms:

  1. Diuretic, anti-inflammatory and diphosphonates (if the detected stones have a phosphate etiology). With this course of ICD, many doctors recommend home herbal treatments as adjuvant therapy;
  2. Citrate suppositories, diuretic drugs and vitamins (if the calculus is of oxalic etiology);
  3. Medications that slow down the synthesis of urea. Also prescribed drugs that change the degree of acidity of urine, which leads to the dissolution of the stones (in the presence of stones urate etiology).

If necessary, relieve pain, for example, with renal colic, you can take antispasmodics and analgesics. In order to eliminate the infection, the doctor may prescribe antimicrobials.

Surgical treatment

lithotripsy

This method of treatment is required only if the urinary tract is completely blocked by large stones. In particularly neglected situations, when the treatment of urolithiasis was “postponed until later” or was performed incorrectly at home, part of the kidney tissue is removed along with the stones.

Endoscopy and laparoscopy are common and least traumatic methods of surgical intervention to remove stones from the urinary system.

Another way to remove stones is lithotripsy — it is prescribed if surgery is contraindicated for the patient. Stones are crushed using ultrasonic waves.

The main advantages are the complete absence of blood loss and a short rehabilitation period. With the help of highly sensitive sensors is determined by the exact location of the stones, which are subsequently crushed and go independently.

Treatment of urolithiasis at home

Effective treatment of urolithiasis in women at home consists in self-admission of medicines prescribed by a doctor, vitamin-mineral complexes, performing certain physical exercises, observing a drinking regimen and an appropriate diet.

The most commonly prescribed drugs and drugs

Group of drugs Drug names
Anti-inflammatory Indomethacin

Ibuprofen

Acetomenophene

Ketorolac

Antibacterial Cylastatin

Gentamicin

Amikacin

Ceftriaxone

Gatifloxacin

Antispasmodics Drotaverinum

Mebeverin

Skopalamin

Otyponiya bromide

Analgesics Voltaren

Revodin

Diclomax

Diuretic Furosemide

Aldactone

Veroshpiron

Vitamins Group B

It is important to understand!
In order for home treatment to have the most positive results and to pass without the development of complications, it is necessary to strictly follow the prescriptions of your doctor.

Treatment of urolithiasis folk remedies

For effective treatment of urolithiasis in women, it is advisable to refer to the methods of traditional medicine, which should be used as an additional therapy. The most effective folk remedies that will help to cope with urolithiasis are:

  • herbs and herbs (tinctures, decoctions);
  • fruits of medicinal plants;
  • natural honey;
  • some root vegetables;
  • some legumes;
  • milk.

Below are three effective recipes that will help dissolve the stones, provoke their excretion and alleviate the pain associated with the course of these processes.

Recipe number 1

This method of removing calculus consists in taking two decoctions. The first decoction is prepared from the roots of wild rose. They need to grind with a coffee grinder to end up with 50 g of dry powder. Then pour the powder with 700 ml of water and leave to boil on the fire for 15 minutes.

After that, prepare bearberry infusion. To do this, pour boiling water (300 ml) dried or fresh grass (about 30 g), leave for about 2 hours. It is necessary to accept the first means three times a day after food on 300 ml. 25 minutes after its use, bearberry extract should be taken in 100 ml.

Recipe number 2

Place the previously washed and crushed yarrow (50 g) in a glass container; you can use flowers and grass. Pour flower-herbal mixture with 250 ml of high-quality vodka. Cover the container and place in a dark cool place for 7 days. At the end of the infusion period, strain the vodka through a small strainer so that only liquid remains. Take the remedy three times a day, 20 ml after meals.

Recipe number 3

This method consists of two stages. First, mix a glass of natural honey with 10 g of the rhizome of the calamus, crushed to a powdery state. Mixing should be done by melting the honey and powder in a water bath for 10 minutes. After that, thoroughly mix the mixture. Do not be surprised, this tool will have a very bitter taste.

The second stage is the preparation of infusion. Mix natural honey with black radish juice, then pour a lot of vodka. Each ingredient should be 70 ml. Infuse the product in a dry, cool and dark place for 3 days.

These folk remedies can not be taken without examination and consultation with the doctor! With a large amount of stones such treatment is unacceptable!

Treatment of urolithiasis during pregnancy

Treatment of urolithiasis during pregnancy

Urolithiasis in pregnancy is a rather rare phenomenon. If the disease has no complications and is asymptomatic, it can not have a negative impact on the development of the fetus and during pregnancy.

The opposite is true if urolithiasis is complicated. In this case, there may be consequences such as preeclampsia, miscarriage, or premature onset of labor.

Treatment of urolithiasis in pregnant women is, as a rule, conservative and consists of following a diet directly dependent on the nature of the disturbances in mineral metabolism in the body. If the expectant mother suffers from acute pain, she may be prescribed analgesics and antispasmodic drugs.

: For the purpose of treatment of urolithiasis during pregnancy is contraindicated :

  • take baths;
  • use heating pads;
  • apply warming compresses;
  • self-medicate using the reception of folk remedies.

Surgery during pregnancy is carried out in extreme cases. The indications for this method of treatment of MBC is the presence of:

  • anuria, accompanied by blockage of the urinary canals;
  • septic condition;
  • pyonephrosis;
  • calculous pyelonephritis.

Diet for urolithiasis in women

Observance of a certain diet is an integral part of the therapeutic program, which allows to suspend the further formation of stones in the urinary system, as well as to suppress the growth of already existing stones.

Diet for urolithiasis in women is based on the following principles:

  • Systematic use of food. Ideally, you should eat at about the same time. It is not recommended to skip meals, this can lead to increased stone formation and poor health;
  • Do not overeat. Food that enters the stomach in large quantities will only aggravate the situation;
  • Drink about 2-3 liters of regular non-carbonated water per day. This will increase the amount of urine excreted;
  • Do not eat excessively high-calorie foods. The energy value of the products must correspond to the energy costs that take place in reality;
  • The diet should be enriched with foods rich in vitamins and amino acids.

Diet and nutrition in urolithiasis depends on the pH and calculus composition. Depending on them, physicians have compiled a list of products, the use of which is contraindicated in a particular case.

In the presence of phosphate stones cannot be consumed:

  • vegetables with peel and / or flesh green;
  • pumpkin, including its seeds;
  • legumes;
  • potatoes;
  • any spices;
  • spicy dishes;
  • dairy products.

If the stones are of urate origin, you can not take:

  • meat broths;
  • fried and spicy dishes;
  • offal;
  • alcoholic beverages;
  • coffee;
  • chocolate, cocoa;
  • animal protein.

In the presence of oxalant stones should be avoided:

  • dairy products;
  • legumes;
  • cheeses of any varieties;
  • nuts;
  • citrus fruits;
  • strawberries and strawberries;
  • salad leaves;
  • spinach;
  • sorrel;
  • cocoa, coffee and tea.

Possible complications

If for a long period of time there is no tendency to excretion of calculi, a progressive inhibition of the functions of the urinary system occurs. The most common complications of urolithiasis in women include:

  • Anemia due to permanent blood loss;
  • Chronic pyelonephritis . Such a complication may lead to the development of nephrosclerosis;
  • Pionephrosis, which is a consequence of pyelonephritis purulent-destructive form, which is in the terminal stage of its development. A kidney affected by pyonephrosis consists of many cavities that are filled with urine, toxic agents and purulent exudate;
  • Renal failure in acute form. This complication occurs in rare cases when the patient does not have one kidney or there are stones in both kidneys;
    Disorder of the hematopoietic functions of the kidneys;
  • Perinephritis characterized by the presence of carbuncles, pustules, or abscesses in the tissues of the kidneys. This leads to the development of sepsis and is an indication for surgery;
  • Chronic inflammatory processes with foci of localization in the locations of calculus. In unfavorable situations, for example, when the patient's body overcools or suffers an acute respiratory disease, the inflammatory process may move to the acute stage.

Prevention of urolithiasis

  1. Do not take too high-calorie food.
  2. Do not overeat.
  3. Exclude from the diet or, if possible, limit salt intake.
  4. Do not eat foods that are high in animal and vegetable lipids (fats).
  5. Do not expose the body to hypothermia. Particular attention should be paid to the lower back.
  6. Drink more non-carbonated water. The minimum is 1.5 liters per day.
  7. Balance your diet. Eat foods high in amino acids, vitamins, and beneficial micronutrients.
  8. Exclude or limit the intake of fried, spicy, canned products.

If you experience the slightest discomfort or pain in the abdomen, lower back or lower limbs, immediately contact your urologist. Adhering to preventive measures, you will reduce the risk of urolithiasis to a minimum.

Be healthy!

Interesting
Alexey Valerievich
2016-10-24 17:42:31
Find on the Internet a proven Indonesian folk remedy for painless dissolution of kidney stones, ureter and bladder - the drug "Batunir" and treat for health!
Katerina
2016-12-28 12:27:14
Nephrodez helped me personally for treatment. The drug is plant-based, promotes the removal of sand from the bladder, has anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory effects. I took 15 days, immediately felt relief, and after completing the full course, I completely forgot about the disease.

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