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Explanation of analyzes

Mycoplasma hominis: symptoms and treatment, tests, prevention

What it is?

Normally, certain kinds of microorganisms are present in the woman's vagina. One of them is mycoplasma hominis, which can be classified as a conditionally pathogenic bacterium.

Its presence is permissible in the flora of the vagina and urethra, however, when these microorganisms begin to reproduce uncontrollably, they give the woman discomfort, pain and unpleasant smell. And since this disease is not rare, it is necessary to know what it is mycoplasma hominis and, if found in the analysis, how to treat it.

In gynecological practice, the manifestation of the disease is commonly called mycoplasmosis. Its pathogen is microorganisms that can exist in various external forms.

Mycoplasmosis can be of several types, some of them lead to the appearance of respiratory diseases, can cause the development of urethritis in men, and also cause the development of ureaplasmosis. However, the vagina in women affects only one type of mycoplasma - mycoplasma hominis.

Causes of the disease

Mycoplasma hominis

Despite the fact that this type of disease is considered to be a sexually transmitted disease, there are many cases when it is diagnosed even by girls who did not have sex. This suggests that the causes of mycoplasma development of hominis in women are of different nature:

  • Infection by unprotected sex;
  • Prolonged use of antibiotics;
  • Weakened immunity for a long time;
  • Frequent stress;
  • The intake of substances with high biological activity (for example, steroids).

Any of these factors can cause uncontrolled reproduction of microorganisms in the flora of the vagina.

Content

Mycoplasma hominis - symptoms and manifestations

Mycoplasma hominis - symptoms

Signs of mycoplasma hominis in women are quite vivid, unlike the manifestations of the same disease in men. During periods of exacerbation, the following can be noted:

  1. Vaginal discharge, often having an unpleasant odor;
  2. Itching, inflammation of the mucous membranes;
  3. Pain in the lower abdomen ;
  4. Inflammation of the urethra;
  5. Swelling of the mucous membranes of the vagina;
  6. Allotments can acquire a greenish tinge .

Often the symptoms of mycoplasma hominis are found in pregnant women. In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor, because this microorganism can adversely affect both the development of the fetus, and the duration of his gestation.

Even though the baby is reliably protected by the placenta, infection of the membranes can occur. They will become more fragile and will be at risk of premature rupture.

Mycoplasma hominis analysis

It is possible to determine the exact type of the disease only with the help of tests. This is due to the fact that other inflammatory processes may have very similar symptoms. To properly choose the drugs to treat the doctor you need to know what exactly he is dealing with.

Diagnosis of mycoplasma hominis can be carried out in the following ways:

  • Blood test. The study is conducted in order to detect antibodies that are produced by mycoplasma.
  • PCR diagnostics . Using it, you can identify the DNA of the pathogen. The material is often taken from the mucous membranes of the vagina.
  • Immunoenzyme analysis (ELISA)

The waiting time for the results of the tests will be announced by the doctor, as they depend on the laboratory with which the medical institution that you have contacted cooperates.

Treatment of mycoplasma hominis

Treatment of mycoplasma hominis

To achieve effective results in the treatment of mycoplasma hominis, women need an integrated approach. It includes the use of drug therapy and physiotherapy.

Taking medication involves the use of antibiotics. Moreover, if the relapse of mycoplasmosis is repeated, then the antibiotic must be changed, since the bacteria develop immunity to it.

The most common drugs that are prescribed for treatment are Amoxiclav, Doxycycline, Azithromycin, Sumamed.

There are antibacterial drugs that need to be injected into the vagina. One of the most effective is Terzhinan. Virtually all of these drugs can be used even if mycoplasma hominis is found during pregnancy.

At the same time, the doctor can prescribe antifungal drugs. Some of them are intended for oral use, for example, "Fluconazole" and "Ketoconazole". The other part is for insertion into the vagina, for example, the candles "Livarol" and "Pimafucin".

Since one of the reasons for the appearance of the disease lies in the weakening of immunity, it can also be prescribed immunostimulants - "Cycloferon", "Interferon", "Derinat."

Physiotherapy includes douches, baths with various bactericidal solutions of both plant and artificial origin. It can be a decoction of chamomile, sage, yarrow.

Of the drugs that can be used for physiotherapy with mycoplasma hominis, you can distinguish "Miramistin." Duration of douching and the bath should be determined by the doctor. Most likely, it will depend on the severity of the disease.

Prophylaxis of mycoplasmosis

As preventive measures, you should not allow a long decline in immunity, unprotected sexual acts with those partners whose health you are not sure of.

In addition, it is necessary to properly carry out hygiene procedures of the intimate zone: a violation of Ph balance can also lead to uncontrolled reproduction of microorganisms in the vagina. It must be remembered that treatment should be prescribed to both sexual partners.

Mycoplasmosis can lead to unpleasant consequences and seriously complicate not only the intimate life, but also the bearing of the child, if the disease is detected during pregnancy.

Therefore, in case of the appearance of characteristic symptoms, it is necessary to contact the gynecologist as soon as possible to establish the type of pathogen and the purpose of subsequent treatment.

Interesting

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