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Vegetative-vascular dystonia: symptoms and treatment in adults

8 groups of typical symptoms of VSD manifestations in adults

Headaches, fatigue

Headaches, fatigue

The clinical symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia are manifold - this is what determines the difficulties in diagnosis. But still, a person should know the most typical manifestations of this disease, which can be divided into 8 groups:

1. Cardiovascular

  • cardiac arrhythmias;
  • pressure surges;
  • "Marble" or pale skin, a tendency to freeze limbs;
  • heart pain or discomfort in the area.

2. Hyperventilation

  • increased respiratory rate;
  • feeling chest tight;
  • dyspnea;
  • discomfort when inhaling and exhaling;
  • dizziness.

3. Irritable bowel

  • abdominal pain - aching or spastic;
  • alternation of constipation and diarrhea;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • a lump in the throat when swallowing.

4. Disturbed sweating in the form of its increase, especially on the palms and soles.

5. Cystalgia - increased urination and pain, which is not determined by inflammatory signs in the urine analysis.

sexual dysfunction, change of mood

sexual dysfunction, change of mood

6. Symptom of sexual dysfunction

  • decrease in sexual desire;
  • lack of orgasm;
  • broken erection in men.

7. Disturbed thermoregulation

  • propensity to reduce the temperature to 35 ° C or to a slight increase to 37.5 ° C (there is no inflammatory process in the body);
  • chills.

8. Psychoneurological

  • general weakness;
  • fast fatiguability;
  • decrease in physical strength;
  • irritability;
  • frequent mood swings to tearfulness;
  • headaches;
  • sleep disorders.

Content

What doctor treats the IRR?

What doctor treats the IRR?

The multiplicity of clinical symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia in women and men introduces a person to be confused as to which doctor treats the disease. Usually it is worth contacting such specialists as:

  • therapist;
  • neurologist;
  • cardiologist;
  • gynecologist (for women, if hormonal preparations for replacement therapy are required).

Complications of vegetative-vascular dystonia

The lack of timely treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia can provoke certain complications that may even be life-threatening.

The negative consequences of the IRR are:

  1. Sympathadrenal crisis, manifested by a pronounced sense of fear, arrhythmias, increased sweating, hypertension, etc.
  2. Vaginasular crisis, which is characterized by hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), slow pulse, low blood pressure, severe weakness.
  3. Mixed version of the crisis.

Treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia in adults

Treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia in adults

Treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia is carried out by individual methods that have to be selected for each patient individually. This is due to the large number of causes and symptoms causing the development of this disease. Modern medicine has a large arsenal of therapy for the IRR.

Etiological treatment - elimination of the cause

First of all, it is important to achieve an improvement in the psycho-emotional background of a person by reducing the amount of stress and conflict, normalizing relations in the family, at work.

In order to effectively treat an infectious-toxic form of IRD in adults, it will be necessary to check the oral cavity and rehabilitate all identified inflammatory diseases (caries, tonsillitis, gingivitis, etc.).

If the appearance of dystonia is associated with a particular type of labor, then it is necessary to review and take into account all occupational hazards and, if possible, eliminate them. If this is not feasible, the patient should seriously think about changing the type of work.

Psychotherapy and autotraining

Psychotherapy and autotraining is an important and effective method for the treatment of IRR. In some cases, its action is much better than treatment with pharmacological drugs. To be most effective, relatives can also be invited to talk with a psychotherapist.

This will enable a more complete understanding of the disease and stimulate participants to change the psychological climate in the family.

Unpleasant symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia will help to overcome self-hypnosis, the basics of which the doctor will teach. In combination with auto-training and exercises for muscle relaxation, this method affects various disease mechanisms and effectively suppresses them, normalizing the human condition.

Preparations for the treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia

Preparations for the treatment of VSD

Preparations for treating vegetative-vascular dystonia are aimed at eliminating disruptions in the functioning of the connections between brain structures and internal organs. They are represented by the following groups:

— водные настои корня валерианы и/или травы пустырника. 1. Sedative - water extracts of valerian root and / or motherwort herb. These herbal preparations are soothing, improve the work of the hypothalamus and brainstem. The course of treatment in adults is 3-4 weeks.

2. Tranquilizers. Their main property is anxiolytic, i.e. decrease anxiety, emotional stress and fear. Representatives of this group are Diazepam (Relanium), Elenium, Fenazepam, Medazepam, Oxazepam.

Particularly noteworthy are daytime tranquilizers, such as Tofizopam (Grandaxine) and Afabazol, which do not cause drowsiness. The homeopathic drug Tenoten has a similar effect.

Tranquilizers are prescribed in a course of 2-3 weeks, an additional method is recommended in case of a stressful situation.

нормализуют функции вегетативной нервной системы, снижают возбудимость мозговых структур (адрено- и холинэргических), успокаивающе действуют на гипоталамус. 3. Combined drugs normalize the functions of the autonomic nervous system, reduce the excitability of brain structures (adreno- and cholinergic), and have a calming effect on the hypothalamus.

Their representatives are Belloid (composition: butobarbital, belladonna alkaloid, ergotoxin) and Bellaspon (composition: phenobarbital, belladonna alkaloid, ergotamine).

4. Antidepressants. Depression in vegetative-vascular dystonia is secondary, i.e. appears after the onset of the main symptoms of the disease.

This distinguishes it from the primary “masked” depression, which can be hidden under various symptoms, causing so-called “psychosomatic pathologies”. Drugs used for treatment should be appropriate for the type of depressive disorder:

  • Agitated (anxious) depression - amitriptyline (Triptizol);
  • Asthenic depression - imipramine (Imizin, Melipramin);
  • Hypochondria - Teralen, Sonapaks;
  • Mild depression - Azafen.

Relatively newer antidepressants are: fluoxetine (Prozac), citalopram (Tsipramil), pyrindol (Pyrazidol), paroxetine (Rexetine). Reception of preparations proceeds 4 - 6 weeks.

5. Nootropics. The effect of these drugs can be described as “intellectually stimulating”. They are able to improve metabolic and energy processes in brain cells, increase oxygen starvation resistance, and have a positive effect on blood supply to the brain and memory.

Most shown to patients engaged in mental work. The positive effect of treatment is observed with hypochondria, asthenia, hypodynamia. Can be connected as an additional tool for resistance to antidepressants.

Preparations Piracetam (Nootropil), as well as newer and stronger in action Fenotropil, Pantokaltsin, apply for 4 - 8 weeks.

6. Cerebral angiocouplers. Normalizing the cerebral circulation, drugs have a positive effect on the hypothalamus and the limbic system - the brain areas affected by the IRR.

A good effect is observed when they are used by patients with angiodystonic headaches, dizziness, severe osteochondrosis. Preparations: Cavinton (Vinpocetine), Stugeron (cinnarizine), Instenon forte. Reception 1-2 months.

When the course of vegetative-vascular dystonia is complicated by an increase in blood pressure (hypertensive form), it is necessary to connect drugs that lower the activity of the sympathoadrenal system.

These tools are beta-blockers: propranalol (Obsidan, Anapralin, Inderal). The course of treatment in adults depends on the severity of hypertension and the speed of normalization of pressure during treatment (from 2 weeks to six months).

Herbal medicine - folk methods

traditional methods of treatment of VSD Folk treatment of the symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia, as a rule, involves taking medicinal plants (herbal medicine) in various combinations.

These charges and tablet forms are also available in the pharmacological industry. They are effective with regular and long-term use, although the result of their use may be noticeable after 2-3 weeks.

Phytopreparations complex effect on the body:

  • soothe;
  • improve sleep;
  • affect the normalization of connections of higher structures of the brain and internal organs.

The most effective are the various collections of valerian, peppermint, lily of the valley, lemon balm, chamomile, fennel, motherwort, hops, etc.

Among industrial products with proven clinical efficacy is to recommend Persen.

Its composition is:

  • valerian root;
  • peppermint;
  • Melissa.

Studies show that the use of Persen after 3 weeks gives a pronounced decrease in anxiety, reduced headaches, pain in the region of the heart and heart attacks. The drug can be taken continuously, because pharmacological dependence and response to the abolition of the drug is not observed.

Physiotherapy and other options for preformed therapy

Physiotherapy treatment methods Physiotherapy and preformed therapy help to restore normal activity of the nervous system, which, when the IRR is characterized by imbalance.

The best results are demonstrated by such procedures as:

  • electric;
  • electrophoresis;
  • water treatments - baths, showers and showers;
  • aeroionotherapy;
  • massage;
  • acupuncture.

уменьшает кардиологические проявления, в особенности перебои в работе сердца и боли. Electrosleep reduces cardiac manifestations, in particular heart failure and pain. Also has a calming effect. It is recommended for use in hypotonic form.

проводится с помощью различных препаратов в зависимости от проявлений НЦД: Electrophoresis is carried out with the help of various drugs depending on the manifestations of NCD:

  • with an increase in blood pressure, add solutions of magnesium sulfate, sodium or potassium bromide, Euphyllinum, Papaverine, Dibazol, Anabrilin;
  • with hypotonic form - Caffeine;
  • in case of asthenia, a galvanic collar according to Scherbak is shown;
  • in case of cardialgic syndrome (pain in the region of the heart), a solution of Novocain, nicotinic acid is added;
  • in the case of an arrhythmic form, a solution of Novocain, Panangin or Anaprilin;
  • in severe hypothalamic dysfunction and vegetative-vascular paroxysms, intranasal electrophoresis with Relanium solution is indispensable.

The use of therapeutic baths has a positive effect on the course of the IRR. The type of bath depends on the form of the disease.

Baths have a calming effect:

  • with valerian;
  • oxygen;
  • pearl;
  • conifers;
  • nitrogen.

хороший эффект дают: In hypertensive, cardiac dystonia, a good effect is given:

  • radon;
  • bromine iodine;
  • hydrosulphuric baths.

When hypotensive type:

  • carbonic;
  • bromine iodine.

Severe anxiety and arousal are reduced after the application of radon and nitrogen baths. The diverting procedures for headaches and dizziness will be foot baths, with a water temperature of 40–42 ° C, as well as paraffin baths on the feet.

The use of showers and douches is also quite effective. The water temperature during water procedures for arrhythmias, cardiac syndrome, and also with the prevalence of arousal should be 35–36 ° C, with a low pressure of 32–33 ° C.

– особый вид физиолечения. Aeroionotherapy is a special type of physiotherapy. It is based on the fact that after ionization with special devices (the Chizhevsky chandelier), the air contains a large amount of negative ions that, when they enter the blood through the lungs, have antioxidant and other positive effects on the body.

As a result, in patients with VSD, pressure decreases, oxygen supply to the brain improves, pulse decreases, sleep becomes better, and headaches decrease.

Massage has a powerful reflex and healing effect in dystonia. Shown as a general massage, and the point, the methods of which are easy to train the patient or his relatives.

в лечении вегето-сосудистой дистонии у женщин и мужчин очень широк: The range of effects of acupuncture in the treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia in women and men is very wide:

  • has an analgesic effect;
  • improves the functioning of the central and autonomic nervous system;
  • increases the body's adaptation functions;
  • reduces headaches and heart pains;
  • eliminates emotional stress;
  • has a calming effect.

The effectiveness of this method, used to treat dystonia, is 65-70%.

Adaptogens

Pantocrine

Pantocrine

Treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia in adults implies the use of adaptogens. They are drugs that:

  • help restore strength and tone;
  • have a positive effect on the whole organism;
  • increase endurance;
  • increase resistance to SARS.

When VSD successfully used tincture of ginseng, eleutherococcus, schisandra, aralia. Of the finished products can be recommended Pantokrin and CigaPan.

However, sometimes they can lead to the development of side effects - to increase anxiety or blood pressure.

In this case, a dose adjustment or complete withdrawal of the drug is made. The course of treatment is 3-4 weeks, you can spend 4-5 courses per year.

Meteorological treatment

It is not a secret for patients that the symptoms and treatment of IRR are associated with meteorological dependence. So, in the event of a change in the weather, their condition may worsen.

To avoid this, it is recommended to adopt adaptogens in advance and continue it directly and on days of adverse weather. You can supplement the treatment with vitamin E.

In order to prevent meteosensitivity, it is necessary to conduct tempering procedures all year round.

More: VSD - what is it in simple words

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2017-06-20 07:53:29
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