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Treatment of candidiasis in women, causes and symptoms of the disease

Thrush - this word often sounds in the company of girlfriends, regularly flashes in commercials. But hardly any woman who does not have medical education is able to accurately identify the cause and symptoms of the disease. To vaginal candidiasis include any discharge from the vagina and suggest that one "miracle" -tablet can be permanently disposed of.

Such beliefs, while not life-threatening, can cause a number of negative consequences.

In the vagina of any woman lives Candida fungus. Its main feature is a weakened state, unable to cause painful symptoms.

Under the influence of various causes, leading to a decrease in immunity and a change in the pH of the vaginal environment in the acidic side, the fungus becomes active and begins to thrive. The result is vaginal candidiasis and its unpleasant symptoms.

Content

Causes of Candidiasis in Women

Causes of Candidiasis in Women

Factors leading to the development of thrush include:

  • Situations that reduce the immune defense of the body - hypothermia, stress, untreated chronic infections.
  • Treatment with antibiotics - the death of lactic acid bacteria of the vagina leads to the aggression of the opportunistic microflora (including the fungus).
  • Incorrect intimate hygiene - abuse of douching, the use of intimate gels and deodorants, improper use of tampons and pads leads to a gradual change in the pH of the vagina and the development of fungal infection. On the other hand, the lack of purity of the genitals is fraught with the massive development of pathogens.
  • Hormonal failures - occur during pregnancy (especially the last trimester) and in the menopause, when taking hormonal contraceptives.
  • Diabetes mellitus - the appearance of sugar in the urine leads to acidification of the vaginal environment, and the itching of the perineum is fraught with combs and the development of pathogenic microorganisms.
  • Sex infections - often with the disease of trichomoniasis, gonorrhea and other venereal infections that cause inflammation of the vagina, Candida is also found.

In many women, candidiasis causes the following questions:

Is thrush a venereal disease?

Partly yes. Vaginal candidiasis can be infected both sexually and through the activation of your own opportunistic microflora.

Do men suffer from thrush?

Yes. However, they have unpleasant symptoms, due to the peculiarities of the structure of the genital organs, are extremely rare. In most cases, candidiasis in men is limited to a slight reddening of the opening of the urethra.

A man in this case is a carrier of a fungal infection and is able to infect a sexual partner.

The milkwoman can not be cured?

Cure can and should be. Recovery comes with adequate therapy and exclusion of provoking factors.

Signs of candidiasis: onset of the disease

After 3-4 days after adverse effects or infection from the sexual partner (sometimes the incubation period lengthens, it all depends on the weakness of the immune defense), the following symptoms occur:

  1. The strongest itch of the labia. Usually an unbearable urge to scratch in the crotch becomes worse by night. Combing leads to the formation of microcracks and severe burning.
  2. Curd extracts - clots of white thick mucus are similar to curd lumps. If only a fungal infection develops, the secretions do not smell. Their volume is much larger than the usual discharge in a healthy woman.
  3. Inflammation - puffiness and hyperemia (redness) of the vestibule in the vagina and labia. Soreness increases with the emptying of the bladder, during sexual intercourse.

This is the bright start of vaginal candidiasis. However, most often (especially in overly clean women), the symptomatology is not so pronounced.

The disease manifests itself only by slight unpleasant sensations and secretion of whitish liquid mucus.

Symptoms of candidiasis in women

Symptoms of candidiasis in women The acute period lasts about 2 weeks. Quieting of unpleasant symptoms does not mean self-healing: the thrush turns into a chronic form.

Chronic candidiasis in women is characterized by a periodic increase in discharge (usually a week before menstrual bleeding, at least 4 times a year) and imaginary recovery after its termination.

Stress, frozen feet can trigger the return of the disease.

The appearance of an unpleasant "fish" odor in the secretions indicates the attachment of a bacterial infection. This condition is called gardnerellezom or bacterial vaginosis. Isolation of pus from the vagina (yellowish discharge) most often indicates gonorrhea.

With severe immunodeficiency, a woman can develop candidiasis of the mouth . In the oral cavity the fungus gets alimentary way: with unwashed fruits / vegetables, dirty hands. Especially prone to thrush in the mouth of a woman, gnawing nails.

Initially, the small white foci of the grain grow somewhat in size, covered with a white film. The plaque is easily removed, exposing a bright red bleeding surface. Most often for its colonization, the fungus chooses the cheeks, gums, less often the palate, tongue, throat.

Candida can settle in the corners of the mouth, forming long non-healing cracks - "zaedy."

Complications of candidiasis

The prolonged course of vaginal candidiasis leads to the following morbid conditions:

  • erosive lesion of the cervix;
  • infection with fungus urinary system;
  • constant weakening of immunity and as a consequence, frequent infections (acute respiratory disease, cystitis, etc.);
  • generalization of fungal defeat - involvement of internal organs in the pathological process;
  • in pregnancy - premature birth, soft tissue ruptures during childbearing (candida significantly reduces the elasticity of tissues) and the risk of infection of the newborn.

Thrush does not provoke infertility and oncopathology, if there are no associated bacterial / viral infections.

Diagnosis of the disease

Treatment of candidiasis in women begins with the definition of the cause - the detection of fungal infection. For this purpose:

  • smear of the vaginal microflora (with erased flow or during remission, candidiasis is manifested only by leukocytes in the smear);
  • PCR analysis (most informative);
  • sowing (in norm to 104 cfu / ml) and determination of sensitivity to certain drugs (most important when ineffective treatment with several drugs).

Treatment of candidiasis in women

Treatment of candidiasis in women How to treat candidiasis in women, only a gynecologist or a venereologist decides. Treatment of vaginal candidiasis always includes local effects and oral administration of antifungal agents.

The treatment schedule is always individual and depends on the degree of neglect of the fungal infection, the state of immunity and the results of the tests. It is possible to repeat the treatment course, a combination with antibacterial, antiprotozoal drugs with a co-infection.

Drugs for treatment of candidiasis in women:

  • Nystatin (tablets, vaginal suppositories) - sufficiently low antifungal activity. It is included in combined local remedies (for example, Terzhinan), suitable for combined fungal / bacterial infections.
  • Natamycin (Pimafucin) is the # 1 for pregnant women suffering from thrush.
  • Clotrimazole - for topical use (ointment, suppositories, vaginal tablets). Recommended use at the very beginning of the disease or in combination with oral medications. Therapeutic course - 2-4 weeks.
  • Miconazole (combined preparation Klion-D) - a high-speed drug (recovery for 1 week), is used for candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis.
  • Ketoconazole is an effective remedy of a new generation (ointment, tablets). Treatment of acute form 5 days, chronic - 10 days.
  • Fluconazole (Mycosyst) - one tablet of 150 mg is sufficient for acute manifestations. With prolonged candidiasis - three times a week.

When the treatment is required, refusal of sexual intimacy is required. If a partner has symptoms of a fungal infection, mutual treatment is necessary.

Recovery is confirmed with good vaginal analysis .

Local treatment with home remedies:

  • syringing with soda - effective with antifungal therapy, however, the duration of application is limited to 7 days (overdrying the mucous membrane);
  • herbal medicinal herbs with anti-inflammatory effect (chamomile, sage) with reasonable application (not more than a week) will accelerate recovery, but are not a panacea for thrush.

It is worth remembering: Candidiasis is an infection, the removal of symptoms of inflammation does not kill the fungus.

Prevention

Medicines for candidiasis in women are used only according to the scheme prescribed by the doctor. A full treatment excludes the fading of a fungal attack and ensures recovery.

Proper intimate hygiene - regular washing, frequent replacement of pads and tampons during menstruation.

Wearing free clothes. Tight jeans, synthetic panties - frequent "culprits" thrush.

Maintenance of general immunity, treatment of chronic infections.

Restoration of local immunity after treatment of candidiasis - the vaginal microflora is effectively restored by means of Epigen-intima.

Interesting

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