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Brown discharge in women - causes and diagnosis

Discharge from the vagina in women is a physiological phenomenon in the case when they are transparent, in small quantities, do not have a sharp or fetid odor and do not cause discomfort.

A signal that there are some problems in the body is a change in normal values, for example, the appearance of brown secretions. The color of the discharge can vary from light brown to dark with blood, which to some extent indicates the cause of their occurrence.

For example, brown secretions with a light shade most often occur in diseases transmitted through sexual contact or inflammatory processes of the reproductive organs, while dark brown are the result of bleeding of various origins from the uterus, cervix or vagina.


Causes of brown discharge in women

Brown discharge from women

The most common causes of brown, odorless discharge in women are:

  • Sex crisis - discharge is observed in newborn babies in the first days of life and due to the high content of female hormones (maternal) in the body;
  • Soon the onset of menstruation - some women may have brownish vaginal discharge of a bloody nature some days before the expected menstrual period, caused by changes in the secretion of cervical mucus and hormonal changes in the body;
  • Polyposis;
  • Hormonal imbalance in the body;
  • Pathological proliferation of the mucous membrane of the uterus;
  • Malignant neoplasms in the uterus, cervix or vagina;
  • Erosion of the uterine cervix ;
  • Attachment of the ovum to the lining of the uterus;
  • Ectopic pregnancy .

Itching and brown discharge in women

Brown discharge in women and itching of the external genital organs are most often caused by the development of inflammatory processes in the uterus and its appendages.

Itching results from irritation of the mucous membranes by excessive vaginal secretions. With the appearance of such symptoms, the woman should immediately contact a gynecologist, otherwise the inflammatory process will progress, go into a chronic form of flow.

In addition, pronounced itching of the genital organs leads to the appearance of small cracks in the skin and mucous membranes - they are the entrance gate for the penetration of pathogenic bacteria, which causes the development of a secondary infection.

Itching along with brown secretions in women can signal some serious diseases of the endocrine system, namely diabetes mellitus . The secretions are caused by hormonal imbalances in the body, and severe itching causes irritation of the mucous membranes of the genital organs by sugar microcrystals.

Brown discharge in women after menstruation

Brown discharge in women after menstruation At the end of menstruation or in the first days after menstruation, the appearance of brown vaginal discharge is permissible - this is a consequence of hormonal changes. If the discharge lasts more than 3-5 days, the patient should consult a doctor.

Causes of prolonged brown spotting after menstruation are:

  • The side effect of using oral contraceptives;
  • Use of intrauterine contraception;
  • Polyps of the uterus and uterine cervix;
  • Increased proliferation of the inner mucous membrane of the uterus.

Sometimes discharge occurs as a result of rough sexual intercourse and is caused by injury to the mucous membrane of the vagina and cervix.

Brown discharge before menstruation

In some cases, a few days before the expected menstrual period, a woman has brown discharge. Most often they are due to:

  • Violation of the level of hormones in the body;
  • Change of residence, for example, moving to a country with a different climate;
  • Endured stress;
  • Antibiotic therapy;
  • Abortion pregnancy surgically;
  • Strengthened physical activity.

This phenomenon does not pose a danger to the health of a woman, if it occurs once, when brownish secretions appear before each menstruation, the cause of this condition should be sought.

Brown discharge instead of menstruation

Brown discharge instead of menstruation

The appearance of spotting brownish discharge instead of full menstruation in women of reproductive age most often indicates the occurrence of pregnancy. Such a state can continue until the end of the first trimester, and is caused by hormonal changes occurring.

Brown discharge with odor instead of menstruation may indicate missed abortion and the development of an inflammatory process in the uterus. Such a state is a threat to the life of a woman. The embryo and its remaining in the uterus membranes begin to decompose, resulting in a strong intoxication of the body.

If medical care is not provided in a timely manner, then death may occur.

Brown discharge during menopause can occur in women instead of the usual menstruation, which is caused by the restructuring of the hormonal background and a decrease in the level of estrogen in the blood.

Brown discharge during pregnancy

The causes of brown discharge in expectant mothers are different depending on the period. In the early stage of pregnancy, the allocation of brown due to:

  1. Implantation of the ovum into the uterus - smearing brownish or bleeding occurs about 7 days after conception. No need to worry, they are caused by damage to the small blood vessels and will soon disappear without any medical intervention;
  2. Threatening spontaneous abortion - discharge from the genital tract, accompanied by pulling pains in the lower abdomen, may indicate an increased tone of the uterus and the onset of a miscarriage. To save pregnancy, a woman should immediately contact a gynecologist;
  3. Ectopic pregnancy - brown discharge accompanied by pain (mostly on one side) of the lower abdomen with irradiation to the perineum and sacrum, which increase with the change of body position, exercise, sexual contact. A life-threatening condition is a drop in blood pressure, nausea, vomiting, acute abdominal pain, pallor, increased secretions - this indicates a fallopian tube and requires immediate surgical intervention;

In the second trimester of pregnancy, the appearance of brown discharge may indicate a slight placental abruption, progression of cervical erosion, the threat of premature birth.

Sometimes the discharge of the future mother may occur after gynecological procedures, such as colposcopy, vaginal examination, analysis of smears .

In the third trimester of pregnancy, the appearance of brown secretions from the genital tract is the discharge of mucus plug and indicates the approaching labor.


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