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Brown discharge during early pregnancy

With the onset of pregnancy, cervical mucus from the vagina can change its consistency, shade, increase or decrease in volume. But an alarming sign will be the appearance of red and brown discharge during pregnancy in the early stages.

It was previously believed that at this stage there is a natural selection of healthy embryos, and doctors do not need to interfere in this process with attempts to save the child.

However, the development of histology and the emergence of ultrasound technology has disproved such claims and proved that the embryo’s genetic inferiority is not the main cause of the threat of miscarriage arising in the early stages.

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What secretions are normal?

Brown discharge during early pregnancy

Immediately after conception and implantation of the embryo in the uterine wall, the endocrine system of the woman begins to increase progesterone production. If you do a blood test, you can see that the norms of this hormone during pregnancy are much higher than the norm in the second phase of the cycle, when fertilization did not occur.

High levels of progesterone can affect the color and consistency of vaginal discharge. In many pregnant women, they become yellowish and more viscous. After contact with air, after a few hours they change their color to yellow-orange or bright yellow.

In some women, progesterone does not affect vaginal secretion. Therefore, the discharge in the early stages is whitish or translucent, which is also the norm.

Brown discharge during early pregnancy

brown discharge in early pregnancy

a photo

Discharge with blood is regarded as dangerous at any stage of pregnancy. There may be several color variations:

  • Yellow brown;
  • Transparent with reddish streaks;
  • Rose red;
  • Brown;
  • Red;
  • Dark red

All this suggests that blood clots have formed in the body cavity of the uterus, cervix or fallopian tubes. The reasons for their appearance in the early stages may be as follows:

Departure of the ovum is the most common cause of dark brown secretions that may be in early pregnancy.

Detachment may occur due to a shortage of progesterone, an excess of testosterone or prolactin, due to the high tonus of the uterus, as well as in cases where the embryo has died and the mother's body rejects the non-viable fertilized egg.

Detachment can be either partial or complete. In the first case, pregnancy can be maintained with timely medical intervention and taking shock doses of hormonal drugs. If it is more than 70%, then it is already impossible to save the fetus, so a miscarriage occurs.

Ectopic pregnancy - contributes to the appearance of bloody discharge in the early stages, when ultrasound revealed no presence of the ovum in the uterus.

As the fallopian embryo grows, the tube becomes injured, its walls lose their elasticity - this is the reason for the discharge with blood. As a rule, they are pink, red-brown or transparent with red veins. (more about the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy ).

Polyps of the uterus or cervix - neoplasms that can not manifest themselves in normal menstrual cycles. But from the moment of conception, serious hormonal changes occur in a woman's body, under the influence of which the structure of the polyp in the uterus begins to change. This often provokes the appearance of light brown discharge in early pregnancy.

Embryo implantation - causes the appearance of a small amount of bleeding, just a few drops. Does not require treatment.

But it should be noted that these secretions occur from 3 to 12 days after ovulation and last no more than a day.

Among women, the myth of the so-called “blood washing of the fetus” is widespread, which, in their opinion, can cause brown and yellow-brown discharge in early pregnancy.

However, such a concept in obstetric practice does not exist and there is no process of “washing”. Any, even minor, bleeding, other than appearing during implantation, signals that the woman and the fetus need medical help.

Required examinations

screening for unusual discharge

Hazardous discharge that appeared during pregnancy is a reason to find out as soon as possible the cause of their occurrence. This can save not only the life of the fetus, but also the life of the mother (in cases where the fertilized egg is attached not to the uterus, but to the fallopian tube).

A visit to the gynecologist is necessary, but it is pointless to go to him for an appointment without ultrasound results - even with palpation, the doctor will not be able to assess how serious the threat to the child’s life is. Therefore, the survey algorithm should be approximately as follows:

  1. Ultrasound - the doctor will assess the degree of detachment of the ovum (if it is present), the tone of the uterus, the condition of the cervix and uterus (for detection of polyps).
  2. Progesterone level analysis - it is necessary to eliminate (or confirm) the lack of this hormone responsible for the preservation of pregnancy.
  3. Testosterone level analysis - it is necessary to eliminate (or confirm) an overabundance of this hormone, which, starting from 7-8 weeks, can provoke a miscarriage.
  4. Analysis for the level of hCG in the dynamics - you must pass at least twice, with an interval of two days. However, you can go to the gynecologist when you get the first result. The doctor will not be able to assess the dynamics, but at least he will correlate the indicators of the concentration of the hormone in the blood with the gestational age by ultrasound.
  5. A visit to the gynecologist - the doctor will assess the condition of the fetus on the basis of ultrasound results, the state of hormones on the results of blood tests and decide on the appointment of the necessary preserving therapy, which may include drugs that lower the tone of the uterus, regulating hormones, etc.

The reason for the immediate visit to the doctor, bypassing the preliminary examinations, may be the bright red discharge that appeared in the first weeks of pregnancy, as well as the appearance of a large amount of brown discharge. In this case, the woman will be put in hospital for treatment, where all the necessary examinations will be carried out.

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