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Breast cyst: causes, symptoms and treatment

A cyst of the breast, small in size, rarely bothers a woman and is detected on a random routine examination by a gynecologist. The growth of this formation can lead to deformation of the breast and become a source of other problems.

Consider what is breast cyst, symptoms of pathology in women and how to treat the disease.


Breast cyst - what is it?

Breast cyst

A cyst, in medical terminology, is a cavity that has walls and contents. The walls are connective tissue, and it is filled with transparent non-inflammatory contents.

Such cysts come in different sizes: from a few millimeters to tens of centimeters. They can be located in isolation or in groups, be single or multiple. This formation is most often rounded, less often - of irregular shape.

Single small cysts do not bother a woman, but multiple cystic tumors can occupy more than half of the breast tissue and change its aesthetic form.

In such cases, they speak of polycystic breast cancer. This process can affect only one breast or both at once.

Causes of breast cyst

There is no single proven cause for the development of a breast cyst. In most situations, this pathology develops under the influence of hormonal disruptions, for example, during pregnancy or fasting. In addition, the factors contributing to the development of this education, consider:

  1. Diseases associated with metabolic disorders (diabetes, etc.).
  2. Psycho-emotional factor (stress, depression, etc.).
  3. Prolonged sexual abstinence.
  4. Late age of birth of the first baby (after 30-35 years).
  5. Diseases of the reproductive organs (endometritis, adnexitis , etc.).
  6. Inflammatory processes in the mammary gland (mastitis, etc.).

Important! If a woman already has cysts in other organs (paranasal sinuses, gall bladder, and others) - this is not a risk factor for the development of cysts in the mammary glands, since the causes of their development are completely different.

Symptoms of Breast Cyst

Clinical manifestations and complaints of the patient depend on several factors: the location, size of education and emotional state of the woman.

A single small cyst that a woman does not know about will not bother her until she grows. Often, such problems will be found only at planned examinations by a gynecologist.

Symptoms of Breast Cyst If the cyst grows to a significant size or squeezes the ducts and nerve endings, then the woman may have the following complaints:

  • nagging pains in the area of ​​education;
  • breast irregularity and change in its shape;
  • skin in this area can become red and even bluish;
  • when palpating the chest, it is defined as a smooth rounded education, painless and not welded to the surrounding tissues;
  • may rarely be accompanied by nipple discharge;
  • when inflammation and suppuration joins many other symptoms.

Important! Rarely can this education be reborn as a cancer of the breast cyst. Such cases are rare, but it is worth mentioning them.


On examination by a doctor, such superficial formations can be determined by simple palpation. Deep and small cysts are diagnosed by ultrasound or mammography.

In rare cases, the doctor may recommend MRI diagnostics to clarify the diagnosis.

If a malignant neoplasm is suspected and the patient is subjected to a targeted biopsy for differential diagnosis. The resulting material is studied by a specialist under the microscope and gives its conclusion.

Treatment and removal of breast cyst

Treatment of a breast cyst depends on the patient’s complaints and the size of the formation. In any case, this pathology of the breast should be treated surgically or conservatively.

Small single cysts are subject to surgical treatment and constant monitoring of their size and development.

To do this, check and normalize the hormones of a woman and eliminate the factors that could affect its occurrence.

Treatment and removal of breast cyst

Surgical removal of breast cyst is carried out in different ways:

Puncture of a cyst and removal of its contents. This operation to remove a cyst of the mammary gland is fairly safe, but often gives recurrence, since its walls remain and the process repeats after a while.

Laparoscopy . Allows you to remove the formation and maintain an aesthetically attractive breast without coarse postoperative scars and scars.

Sectoral resection and mastectomy. Removal of part or all of the mammary gland is rarely performed, in advanced cases, with its gigantic size or abscesses, which cannot be cured conservatively.

Many online sources offer recipes for treating breast cysts with medicinal herbs and infusions that contain phytoestrogens and affect hormonal balance.

Such therapy should be under the supervision of a specialist. Otherwise, instead of being good, the patient's condition will only get worse.

What is dangerous cyst in the breast?

Danger of breast cyst The danger of a breast cyst depends on its shape and structure. Small single entities do not pose a serious problem and are subject only to dynamic observation and conservative therapy.

Rebirth of a cyst into a malignant neoplasm is possible, but unlikely. More often there is suppuration and the development of an abscess of the breast.

Large cysts can squeeze nerves and ducts, leading to the development of painful symptoms and disfiguring the female breast.


The most common problem is inflammation and suppuration, which can lead to the development of cavities filled with pus. Both small cyst and the formation of large size can suppurate.

Especially often this happens when a woman injures her, pinches underwear or conducts intense self-breast massage.

Another danger of such cysts is the possibility of their transformation into cancer. This happens in 1-3% of cases, but they should not be forgotten.

A breast cyst, large or small, must be supervised by a specialist. To find out about its presence, it is enough to undergo scheduled examinations on time, and when confirming the diagnosis, follow the recommendations of your doctor.


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