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Keratoma: photo, species, what is it and how to treat skin keratoma?

Among skin diseases, the common lesion of the epidermis is keratoma. Such formations on the skin can accompany a person all his life, without causing harm to health and bringing only aesthetic inconveniences.

However, under certain conditions, they can become malignant. About what is keratoma, what are its causes and treatment, described later (see photo).

Content

Keratoma - what is it? A photo

Keratoma

photo of keratoma on face

Keratoma pictures

and development of education

The epidermis consists of five layers: basal, prickly, granular, shining and the uppermost - horny. Skin diseases can affect any of them.

Keratoma is a benign tumor of the skin, it is formed from the stratum corneum, which consists of dead cells called keratinocytes.

The latter in the norm gradually exfoliate and wash off the skin with water, they are replaced by new cells - these two processes proceed at the same rate. If new cells of the stratum corneum are formed faster than they manage to exfoliate, then benign neoplasms - keratomas - are formed. In appearance they are different and can appear in different places on the body and face.

The main cause of keratoma is the influence on the skin of the sun's rays. In this case, the cellular structure of the epidermis can undergo changes for many years, gradually forming a skin tumor.

An important factor is precisely the total dose of solar irradiation received by a person over a long period. Therefore, in the risk group, first of all, fans of sunburn fall.

Other factors:

  • neuroendocrine disorders;
  • metabolic diseases;
  • prolonged use of diuretics or antibiotics;
  • the effect on the skin of plant poisons and other chemical compounds;
  • Vitamin A deficiency;
  • failure of equilibrium in the production of sex hormones;
  • regular friction of the skin with clothing and tight underwear.

Are keratomas dangerous?

Keratoma pictures

the initial stage of keratoma photo

Like papillomas , keratomas in their normal state are a cosmetic defect, not bearing a serious threat to human health. The desire to get rid of these formations often arises from the fact that keratomas, especially large and brightly colored, spoil the appearance.

However, with mechanical damage, viral, fungal and bacterial infections easily penetrate into them. This can lead to the development of microbial eczema, herpes, pyoderma.

The danger of keratoma is that trauma, exposure to the sun, radiation, inadequate therapy and other factors can lead to the degeneration of the tumor into a malignant tumor.

More than other species, horny and sunny keratomas are affected. Malignancy (malignancy) is accompanied by inflammation, itching, bleeding and soreness.

Star keratoma

Star keratoma photo

Star keratoma photo

To denote this type of kerat on the skin, other names are also used:

  1. Senile (English "senile" - senile);
  2. Seborrheic, since the formation of these new formations is affected by excess sebum;
  3. Age keratoma.

Up to 50 years, this type of skin lesions is found on unprotected from the sun areas of the body - neck, chest, shoulders, face, hands in single quantities. After 50 it, as a rule, multiple spots and outgrowths, affecting closed areas - back, stomach, thighs.

At the initial stage, the age-related keratoma has the form of a spot of brown, gray or black, slightly elevated above the skin, oval or round in shape. Over time, it increases in size and protrudes more prominently over the skin. On the keratome small friable scales are visible, which are easily removed.

cutaneous horn

Depending on the structure of the tissue, the age keratoma is divided into the following types:

  • spotted;
  • nodular;
  • plaque;
  • It resembles Bowen's disease (variegated or monochromatic scaling plaques);
  • transitional - the state of the build-up before the formation of the cutaneous horn.

кожный рог — вырост из роговых клеток конусовидной удлиненной формы. Help: skin horn - outgrowth of horny cells of a conical, elongated shape. It can be formed from keratomas, warts, keratopapillomas. It is formed in the first stage of squamous cell carcinoma.

An old keratoma can change shape and shade during a person's life, it never decreases in size and does not disappear spontaneously.

Five types of age-related keratoma are also stages of its development, the latter of which often turns into a cancerous condition. The risk of degeneration of senile keratoma in squamous cell carcinoma reaches 35%.

Other species of keratom

Keratoma pictures

In addition to senile, these types of skin keratas are distinguished:

  1. Follicular;
  2. Horny;
  3. Solar keratoma.

Follicular keratoma is also called keratosis, it is formed from the epithelium lining the hair follicle canal. Because of the localization of this new growth often grows a hair. The keratosis looks like a round tight knot, raised above the skin, and has a pink or gray color. It often appears above the lip, on the forehead and scalp.

Horny keratoma (skin horn), is formed from the horny scales of the epidermis welded together. Can be painted in any shade of brown. It is formed against the background of senile or sunny keratomas or other cutaneous formations and is a precancerous neoplasm. The provoking factors are skin injuries, chronic infections.

Solar keratoma , or actinic, is formed under the influence of UV-radiation, as a result of prolonged and frequent exposure to the open sun. These multiple formations are more often localized on the hands, legs, face, neck and forearms. Color is various - light pink, red, brown, black or hardly distinguishable from a shade of a normal skin.

Treatment of keratomas - methods of removal and preparations

The choice of how to treat keratoma depends on the size and type of education, the most optimal is the removal of keratoma. If the tumor is small and does not cause anxiety, then you can live with it without threat to health and well-being.

In such cases, you need only visit the dermatologist or oncologist 2-3 times a year to monitor the condition of the keratoma and at the slightest risk to get rid of it in time.

Indications for mandatory removal is a clear threat of the degeneration of keratoma into cancer, for example, with the dermal horn.

It is also advisable to remove keratoma if it is a noticeable cosmetic defect and brings psychological discomfort.

Methods of removing keratoma

Kerat treatment To remove keratas, the following methods are used:

  • surgical;
  • laser;
  • radio wave radiation;
  • electrocoagulation;
  • cryodestruction (moxibustion with liquid nitrogen);
  • cauterization by chemical substances (acids and cytostatics).

If malignancy is suspected, only one of three methods is indicated - conventional surgery, laser or radio waves.

Only these methods, unlike the others, completely remove the cells of the tumor and eliminate the risk of explosive growth of the tumor some time after the operation. The use of laser or radio wave radiation - the methods are less traumatic, after them there are no noticeable scars, and the tissues heal faster.

After the operation, the wound should be treated with a medication prescribed by the doctor. Usually this antiseptic solution (Chlorhexidine, Belasept) and antimicrobial ointment (Levomecol, Solcoseryl, Metiluratsil).

If redness, inflammation or soreness appears on the site of the removed keratoma, the doctor should immediately show the wound.

Electrocoagulation, cryodestruction and cauterization with drugs are used to remove keratomas that do not carry the risk of degeneration into cancer.

Preparations

Preparations for the treatment of keratosis

Preparations are usually used for cauterization of sunken keratomas of skin of small size. The substance in the form of a cream, solution or emulsion is applied to the affected area at a certain dosage. Such funds include:

  • acids (glycolic, trichloroacetic);
  • cytostatics (fluorouracil, podophyllin).

Removal is carried out only by the doctor, since excess dosage and misuse can lead to chemical burn of the skin. For self-administration, a dermatologist can prescribe an ointment with a low concentration of active substance, for example, with 5% fluorouracil.

The drug is applied to keratomas twice a day for 2-4 weeks, after which the formed ulcer is healed by local hormonal or other regenerating drugs.

Remedies for keratosis may also contain phenol, tricresol, metacresol, acetic acid. Examples of drugs - Ferezol, Papileuc, Verrukacid.

Treatment of skin keratas with folk remedies

Recipes of traditional medicine can only slow down the growth of keratoma and reduce the risk of its malignancy, but not remove it. для тех новообразований, которые не требуют удаления. Use them only for those tumors that do not require removal. Therefore, before you start treating keratoma with folk remedies, you should visit a dermatologist and make sure that keratomas do not have a predisposition to go to cancer.

Slowing the increase in keratas can be done with the help of:

  • Mixtures of sunflower, fir and sea-buckthorn oil mixed in equal volumes and heated for half an hour on a water bath. Affected areas are lubricated 3 times a day.
  • Ointment from celandine - leaves and stems of the plant pour any vegetable oil and insist in a dark place for 5-7 days. Apply to keratomas twice a day.

Slow down the growth of skin available with kerat helps supplement the basic nutrition with a high content of vitamin P. It is found in citrus, buckwheat, green tea, blueberries, greens, soy, beans and other legumes.

To prevent the formation of keratum should minimize exposure to sunlight, do not sunbathe beyond 40 minutes per day. If staying in the open sun can not be avoided (work at the dacha, on the beach, etc.), then the skin needs to be protected with light light clothing covering hands, shoulders, neck, legs, and headdress.

Also 1-2 times a week it is useful to use scrubs and peelings for the face and body - these tools help to remove the dead cells of the stratum corneum and renew the skin.

Interesting

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