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Intestinal candidiasis: forms, symptoms and treatment, diet

Candidiasis is a disease caused by the reproduction of fungal unicellular microorganisms of the genus Candida in the human body. They are called conditionally pathogenic, because they are found in the digestive tract even in completely healthy people.

Candida coexist with saprophyte bacteria, mutually controlling the quantitative composition of both types of microorganisms - mobile equilibrium is achieved, which benefits the person.

Content

Causes of intestinal candidiasis

Intestinal candidiasis

For the appearance of intestinal candidiasis, a prerequisite is a change in the microflora balance. In most cases, this happens after human intervention in the natural processes of regulation of the intestine.

The main factor in the development of candidiasis is the uncontrolled use of antibiotics. They are considered a panacea for all ills with health, taking even with a headache. Antibiotics inhibit bacterial flora, while fungal strains begin to spread freely, causing damage to the mucous membranes. The process covers the oral cavity, intestines, urogenital sphere.

Fungi of the Candida genus are the first infection that children encounter in infancy when they receive it, either while moving through the birth canal of the mother or through the pacifier, which caring adults lick, “clean” before giving it to the child.

The so-called “thrush” develops, which, in the form of white films, is first detected in the mouth and then causes candidiasis of the intestines in children.

Reduced immunity during antitumor therapy, organ transplantation, as a result of prolonged illness, stress, AIDS, endocrine diseases and digestive disorders creates conditions for the occurrence of dysbiosis and intestinal candidiasis.

  • The non-invasive form of intestinal candidiasis is one of the manifestations of dysbacteriosis - the colonies of the fungus multiply in the intestinal lumen, causing digestive disorders and intoxication of the organism with the products of their vital activity. In this case, the intestinal wall suffers slightly.
  • With the invasive form of the mycelium of the fungus Candida grows into the intestinal mucosa. Developed generalized intestinal candidiasis or focal - in the form of individual lesions.

Symptoms of intestinal candidiasis

The first symptoms of intestinal candidiasis can manifest as fatigue, loss of appetite and a feeling of heaviness in the stomach. Hypovitaminosis is characteristic.

The symptoms of non-invasive candidiasis manifest themselves as an unstable chair with alternating diarrhea and constipation, flatulence and a feeling of discomfort in the abdomen - his entire clinic coincides with dysbiosis.

White flakes may appear in the fecal masses, and dehydration gradually develops.

The invasive generalized form gives a picture of ulcerative colitis: spastic pain, discharge of mucus and blood in the feces, flatulence, low-grade fever. When localized in the rectum, there may be false urges and pain during defecation.

The invasive form is dangerous with possible complications: perforation of the intestinal wall, development of peritonitis and sepsis . In advanced cases, there may be general exhaustion and anemia.

It is difficult to diagnose a fungal infection due to the constant presence of Candida in the body. Intestinal candidiasis is determined by laboratory tests.

  • The pathogen is detected by the examination of feces and seeding of material on nutrient media. A smear from the site of localization of the fungal colony is examined under a microscope in order to detect the filaments of the mycelium of the fungus.
  • ELISA confirms the connection of Candida fungus with the symptoms of the disease.
  • Colonoscopy helps to identify the invasive form of the disease in the rectum.

Treatment of intestinal candidiasis

Treatment of intestinal candidiasis

Treatment of intestinal candidiasis is determined on the basis of diagnostic examinations. After laboratory determination of the causative agent's sensitivity to antimycotic drugs, the most effective means are chosen for each specific case.

Preference is given to drugs of local exposure (pimafucin), which are not absorbed into the blood, creating the desired concentration in the intestinal lumen. Medicines are administered orally or in the form of rectal suppositories.

In the treatment of intestinal candidiasis, an important consideration is the correction of immunity to increase the body's resistance to fungal infection.

Another task is to restore a healthy level of intestinal microflora, both using medication and choosing the right diet.

Diet for intestinal candidiasis

When identifying intestinal candidiasis, you need to pay attention to the daily diet. To restore the balance of microflora in the intestine, it is necessary to create conditions for the reproduction of saprophytic bacteria there. The basis of their diet is fiber, which means that it is necessary:

  • consume fruits and vegetables regularly in sufficient quantities;
  • abandon white bread and pastry baking, go for whole-grain bread;
  • use freshly made (not canned) vegetable juices as often as possible;
  • limit sugar and confectionery to a minimum in the diet;
  • refuse overeating;
  • take daily dairy products, and they should be natural without pasteurization and preservatives for long-term storage.

Treatment of folk remedies intestinal candidiasis

Traditionally, with intestinal problems, traditional medicine recommends the use of decoctions of such astringents as bark of oak, bird cherry, pomegranate peels or plants with anti-inflammatory properties - chamomile, calendula.

Can facilitate the condition of the intestines and improve the bacterial flora in it regular intake of yogurt, real bread kvass or Kombucha drink.

To improve intestinal epithelialization, carrot juice is used, which contains large amounts of vitamin A, which promotes the healing of integuments. But we must bear in mind that vitamin A is absorbed only in the presence of fat or oil, so carrot juice in such a situation would be more useful as a supplier of fiber.

Folk remedies can not be a full replacement for drug treatment with such a serious problem.

Prevention of intestinal candidiasis

In addition to the organization of healthy nutrition with regular intake of prebiotics - nutrients that contribute to the development of normal microflora, it is necessary to monitor the state of immunity, supporting it with multivitamins in the autumn-winter period and for colds.

Adherence to a healthy lifestyle, sports, hardening and a reasonable daily regimen will help to avoid stress, which adversely affect the immune system.

And, of course, - taking antibiotics only for its intended purpose and under the supervision of a doctor!

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