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Heartburn during pregnancy, how to get rid at home?

Heartburn occurs due to the acidic contents of the stomach in the esophagus, the mucosa of which is irritated as a result. There is a burning sensation under the spoon, and an unpleasant bitter-sour taste in the mouth.

In pregnant women, this problem is a frequent occurrence and can curl itself on any term of carrying a baby. What are the reasons for heartburn during pregnancy and how to get rid of it at home?


Early and late heartburn - what is the reason?

Heartburn during pregnancy

During pregnancy in the second and last trimester, heartburn occurs because of the increasing uterus that is pressing on the stomach. Because of this, gastric juice constantly gets on the mucous membrane of the esophagus, especially after eating.

The situation is aggravated by pelvic presentation of the fetus, when the head of the child is on top and puts pressure on the diaphragm, often causing not only heartburn, but also severe nausea. The situation is similar when a woman bears twins or triplets, or if the fetus is large.

In the first weeks, heartburn is often caused by a sharp increase in the production of progesterone in the body of a pregnant woman. This hormone reduces the tone of the uterine muscles, protecting against spontaneous abortion.

Progesterone has such an impact not only on the uterus, but also on the muscles of other organs, in particular - on the sphincter between the esophagus and the stomach.

Therefore, the ingress of acidic contents into the esophagus occurs more often, and the expectant mother from the very first weeks of pregnancy is tormented by a burning sensation.

Another cause of heartburn in early pregnancy is malnutrition, including spicy and fried foods, fast food, quick snacks, dry food, and fatty foods.

In this case, the burning continues for a few minutes after eating. Since mid-pregnancy, heartburn often occurs because of overeating - the growing uterus plus the overloaded stomach and provoke discomfort.

Heartburn manifestations

Heartburn manifests itself as a burning sensation in the esophagus, which in the last weeks of pregnancy may also be present in the larynx. Related manifestations - belching and bitter-sour taste in the mouth. The symptoms of heartburn during pregnancy are aggravated by bending or squatting.

They are strongly pronounced in the morning hours - because of a long stay in the prone position.

Heartburn is not dangerous to the health of a woman and a child, but it is necessary to consult a doctor if:

  • intense nausea;
  • vomiting blood;
  • dark chair;
  • prolonged and pronounced burning sensation;
  • sore throat and cough.

You can get rid of heartburn during pregnancy at home by choosing an integrated approach to solving the problem, which is described below.

Get rid of heartburn during pregnancy at home

Heartburn during pregnancy, how to get rid at home

Significantly reduce the manifestations of heartburn and completely eliminate it in the early stages will help compliance with a number of rules:

  1. Fractional meals in small portions;
  2. Thorough chewing;
  3. Avoiding overeating and eating before bedtime;
  4. Steaming or boiling;
  5. Exclusion from the diet of fatty, spicy and fried foods, ice cream, coffee, pickles, muffins, carbonated drinks;
  6. Consumption of a sufficient amount of water in the intervals between meals;
  7. The basis of the menu should be vegetables, non-acidic fruits, lean meats, milk and milk products, whole-grain bread and cereals.

In the second and third trimester, the same recommendations are helpful, be sure to eat fractional and reduce the volume of one serving.

In late pregnancy, it is completely difficult to get rid of heartburn, you can only reduce its manifestation by adhering to proper nutrition, using drugs and traditional remedies.

Heartburn medication for pregnancy

Choosing drugs for heartburn during pregnancy is necessary with the doctor, as some may be unsafe, while others are ineffective. Of the drugs prescribed antacids group.

They do not harm the health of the child, because they are not absorbed into the general bloodstream, they neutralize the acid, without disturbing the acid-base balance of its contents.

Examples of tools:

  • Maalox - has an adsorbing effect, envelops the mucous membrane of the esophagus and stomach, eliminates pain in these parts of the digestive tract, absorbs excess gas, which is useful for belching.
  • Almagel - a drug with a long-lasting effect, reduces the acidity of gastric juice.
  • Gaviscon - forms a gel that reduces the effect of acid on the mucous membrane.
  • Rennie is an agent based on calcium and magnesium carbonate, which interacts with and neutralizes hydrochloric acid and also promotes the formation of protective mucus in the stomach.

Attention! Prolonged use of Rennie is unacceptable, since it can lead to ossification of the child’s skull due to calcium.

If the listed drugs have no effect, the doctor may prescribe Lansoprazole or Ranitidine. From homeopathic remedies, heartburn reduces Caustikum, Pulsatilla.

Folk remedies

Heartburn medication for pregnancy

Folk remedies for heartburn during pregnancy, many women choose for fear of harm from taking medications. Among them are the most effective:

  • Soda - quickly eliminates the burning sensation, however, violates the acid-base balance and contributes to more intensive subsequent development of gastric juice due to the formation of carbon dioxide;
  • Fresh potato juice or starch-based acidic jelly is effective in the early stages, it is recommended to drink the juice (200 ml) in the morning on an empty stomach half an hour before breakfast;
  • Powdered activated carbon diluted with water;
  • If you put a pinch of salt on the tongue, the enzymes of saliva neutralize the acid;
  • Mineral alkaline water;
  • Egg shell powder from hard-boiled eggs - take 1/3 tsp 2-3 times a day. within 5-6 days.

Useful tips

If you suffer from heartburn during pregnancy, you can get rid of it at home as soon as possible by adding supplements and proper nutrition by following these recommendations:

  • Do not sleep on your back, because in this position the acid from the stomach most easily gets into the esophagus. Shoulders and head should be slightly raised - use a comfortable pillow for this or, if possible, a bed or sofa with a raised headboard.
  • Choose comfortable and spacious clothes that do not squeeze and do not constrain movements.
  • Try to keep your back straight while maintaining the correct posture.

Heartburn during pregnancy is a frequent occurrence that does not harm the health of the woman and the unborn child. However, it can be a symptom of any pathology of the digestive system, especially if the burning sensation has occurred before conception.

In this case, you should consult a specialist and undergo a thorough examination.


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