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Chlamydia in women: the first signs, symptoms and treatment

The group of chlamydial infection includes various diseases in the clinical picture with damage to the urogenital, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems, the heart and eyes.

Annually about 90 million people fall ill with chlamydia, while the greater part of the sick are women.

The wide prevalence of chlamydial infection and its adverse effect on women's health (including reproductive health) constitute a serious social problem.

Representatives of the fair sex need knowledge about the nature of the symptoms of chlamydia in women and how the disease is transmitted.

Content

Causes of chlamydia in women

Causes of chlamydia in women

Chlamydia cause the bacteria of the genus Chlamydia adapted to life in the cells of the human body, the subspecies Trachomatis (the most common type among the diseased), Psittaki, Pneumonia.

The most common infection occurs sexually, so more than 75% of patients - sexually active women of young age.

It is possible to get infected at home, when sharing hygiene items (towels, toiletries), on which the chlamydial microbe is stored at room temperature for up to two days.

Quite high risk of transmission of chlamydia from mother to child during childbirth. In rare cases, there is infection and airborne droplets from a patient with pneumonia of Chlamydia nature.

The first signs of chlamydia in women

The first signs of chlamydia in women Two-thirds of patients with chlamydia know about the diagnosis by accident, with a planned examination, because the disease is asymptomatic and does not cause any inconvenience.

In the remaining 20-30% of cases, women report unusual discharges:

  • at a clamidiosis vaginal whitish yellowish, mucopurulent with an unpleasant smell;
  • can be accompanied by discomfort during sexual intercourse, itching, soreness in the lower abdomen.

But usually the illness begins to reflect at the stage of complications, as a result of prolonged chronic inflammation.

Symptoms of chlamydia in women

The expressed symptoms of chlamydia are manifested in women against the background of the development of diseases of reproductive and other organs caused by infection. Chlamydia live and multiply in the epithelial cells of the vagina and cervix, urethra, anus, posterior pharyngeal wall, eye conjunctiva, lungs.

Depending on the organ affected by the infection, various diseases occur and obvious symptoms appear.

Bartholinitis - inflammatory processes in the Bartholin gland, which is located on both sides at the entrance to the vagina. It manifests itself with pain, swelling and redness from the side of the lesion, an increase in body temperature.

Urethritis - the defeat of the chlamydia of the urethra with the development of burning and pain while coping with a small need.

Erosion and inflammation of the cervix (endocervicitis), accompanied by pulling pains in the lower abdomen, the appearance of mucopurulent discharge, often a bloody after sexual intercourse.

Endometritis (inflammation of the inner layer of the uterus) - characteristic symptoms: high body temperature, uterine bleeding, mucopurulent discharge, pronounced pain behind the pubis.

Salpingitis and adnexitis - inflammation of the fallopian tubes and ovaries (often a combination pathology). Pain in the right or left side, violations of the menstrual cycle, increased body temperature - such symptoms allow you to suspect chlamydia of the appendages in women.

Symptoms of chlamydia in women

Pelvioperitonitis is a lesion of the peritoneum in the pelvic region. In this case, there are quite sharp pains in the abdomen, constipation, bloating, tension of the abdominal wall.

Chlamydial pharyngitis - occurs when infected during oral sex. Characterized by perspiration in the throat, pain when swallowing.

Chlamydial proctitis - inflammation of the rectum mucosa (after unprotected anal contacts) with the appearance of pain, mucopurulent discharge from the anus.

Arthritis (Reiter's syndrome) - chronic chlamydia in women can lead to autoimmune inflammation of the joints.

Conjunctivitis - the defeat of the eyes with the development of lacrimation, redness, burning. It develops with the introduction of infection into the eyes with dirty hands, with the joint use of towels.

Inflammation of the lungs - the first signs of chlamydial inflammation characterizes cough, pain in the chest, shortness of breath, fever.

In itself, infection can be hidden - the first symptoms will arise along with the diseases caused by the infection!

Chlamydia in pregnant women

The danger of infection for pregnant women is that the disease, even with its asymptomatic course, can promote the development of spontaneous abortion in the early stages or premature birth in the second to third trimester.

The influence of chlamydia on the occurrence of oxygen starvation, disturbances of cerebral and cardiac activity of the fetus is proved.

In addition, a woman infected with urogenital chlamydia can infect her child with chlamydial conjunctivitis or pneumonia during childbirth.

Diagnosis of chlamydia

Diagnosis of chlamydia The detection of the infection is done by gynecologists who prescribe tests for chlamydia: women take mucosal vaginal discharge and are sent to the laboratory for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or immunofluorescence reaction.

If there is a suspicion of systemic candidiasis, blood, separated eyes, sputum, urine, etc. can be taken as the test material. An analysis of the antibody titer to chlamydia in the blood serum is possible.

Treatment of chlamydia in women

The basis for the treatment of acute and uncomplicated chlamydial infection are powerful antibacterial drugs that can penetrate into the cells of the body.

These are group antibiotics:

  • macrolides;
  • fluoroquinolones;
  • tetracyclines.

They are prescribed in high doses, a course of 7-10 days and combined with local treatment, which is used as antibacterial ointments and suppositories for chlamydia.

Treatment of chlamydia in women

In women with chronic disease, several longer courses of antibiotics (21 days) are used - with the simultaneous administration of immunotherapy (pyrogenal, thymaline, interferon inducers), physiotherapy procedures.

Independent treatment of chlamydia in women is unacceptable - drugs with an incorrectly selected dose or regimen will lead to the emergence of resistance to antibiotic infection and the development of chronic chlamydial foci, difficult to treat.

As a preventive measure, compliance with the rules of individual hygiene and exclusion of unprotected sex are advocated. Also, do not forget to visit a gynecologist for a systematic examination and examination for urogenital infections.

Complications of chlamydia

In the absence of timely detection and treatment, chlamydia passes into a chronic form with a gradual involvement in the inflammatory process of some organ.

The most socially significant complication of infectious disease for women's health is infertility (as a result of endometritis, salpingitis, adnexitis ).

In the presence of chlamydia in the body, the susceptibility to HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases increases.

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