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Chlamydia in men - an insidious disease with dangerous consequences

Chlamydia is a group of infectious diseases caused by chlamydia. Pathology is equally likely to occur in both women and men. The cunning of the disease is that the symptoms at an early stage practically do not appear. In men, urogenital chlamydia is diagnosed quite difficult. The infection begins to manifest itself when the body's defenses are reduced.

Content

Basic information about the disease and its stages - acute and chronic

Chlamydia are parasitic agents that multiply inside cells and can persist for a long time in the human body without being felt. In 50% of cases, the disease does not show any symptoms. At the same time, it is possible to get infected with an unprotected meal act. Therefore, the risk group includes, first of all, the representatives of the stronger sex, who do not have a regular partner.

The man

Chlamydia takes one of the first places among genital infections in men

Chlamydia is one of the first places in the list of genital infections. In addition, recently there has been a rapid increase in morbidity, both among adults and among adolescents. The early onset of sexual life, sexual intercourse with casual partners, the absence of elementary measures of protection - all this leads to a significant increase in clinical cases of chlamydia.

More than 15 different types of chlamydia are known that can affect the eyes, lungs, lymph nodes. But the most common are microorganisms of the genus Chlamidia trachomatis, causing urogenital chlamydia in both sexes.

The disease can occur in an acute and chronic form. For the latter, periods of remission and exacerbations are characteristic. Therapy can be quite lengthy and expensive.

Video: Chlamydia in men and women

Ways of transmission

Due to the fact that chlamydia is in most cases sexually transmitted, the disease is most often diagnosed in sexually active members of the stronger sex between the ages of 20 and 40 years. However, there are also clinical cases among adolescents aged 13-17 years. And this is not always associated with sexual experience. There are the following methods of transmission:

  1. Contact. These include just the same infection during sexual intercourse. In order to get a pathogenic microflora, one unsuccessful sexual contact is enough. In this case, the carrier may not even realize that there are chlamydia in his body. The mode of transmission of infection by household means is unlikely.
  2. Vertical. Pathogens can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy and childbirth. In this case, the baby will not always show signs of the disease. An infection can exist for a long time in the human body and will only make itself known when the body’s defenses are reduced.

In rare cases, you can get chlamydia through airborne contact with patients with pneumonia.

Man in confusion from chlamydia

Chlamydia can be paralyzed by unprotected sexual contact with a little-known partner.

Men with strong immunity may not be aware of the presence of chlamydia in the body throughout their lives. At the same time, the carrier is potentially dangerous for relatives and friends. If one of the family members has an infection, a thorough examination is recommended for all.

Symptoms

The first signs of the disease can appear as early as two weeks after doubtful sexual contact. The incubation period of the disease is 14-28 days. However, if a man has strong immunity, he may not be aware of the presence of pathological microflora. The risk of developing the chronic form of chlamydia increases. Often the disease is confused with urethritis - a long-lasting inflammatory process in the urethra. For any unpleasant symptoms, do not delay the visit to the doctor, otherwise there is a risk of complications.

For acute chlamydia in men, the following symptoms are characteristic:

  • increase in body temperature to subfebrile indicators;
  • general weakness and fatigue;
  • pain and burning when urinating (the first drops of urine may be cloudy);
  • swelling and redness of the external part of the urethra;

Pain in the groin or scrotum area is also characteristic of the acute form of the disease. Less commonly, there may be a burning sensation and itching around the anus. Sometimes men can complain of scanty glassy discharge from the urethra.

Man's hands

Pain in the groin - one of the signs of chlamydia

In the chronic course of the pathological process, unpleasant symptoms appear only occasionally in the morning. In this case, the patient is not in a hurry to seek medical help and the disease is exacerbated. Failure of timely treatment can lead to cystitis, prostatitis, infertility.

Hidden chlamydia is a common phenomenon in men with strong immunity. The infection does not manifest itself at all, the patient leads a full-fledged lifestyle. At the same time, a large man is a source of infection for loved ones.

How to identify the disease?

If the patient does not complain of unpleasant symptoms, the infection can be detected only during the next routine examination. If the symptoms of the pathological process in a patient, nevertheless, have manifested themselves, one will have to turn to a urologist for consultation. However, the symptoms alone will not make the diagnosis. It is necessary to differentiate chlamydia with other diseases of the genitourinary system. For this specialist can use the following methods:

  1. Patient survey The urologist finds out when the first symptoms of the disease appeared, what preceded them. Men who have recently had sexual intercourse with an unfamiliar partner are at risk.
  2. Cytological smear of the discharge of the urethra. Alert may increase leukocytes.
  3. PCR study. The specialist takes to study the scraping of the urogenital tract. The analysis reveals chlamydia with an accuracy of up to 95%.
  4. Immunoassay blood test. The study allows to determine the presence of antibodies to the pathogen.
  5. Use direct immunofluorescence. The specialist takes a smear of the urethra, examines it for the presence of chlamydial infection.
  6. Bacterial seeding. Patient's urine or semen may be used for analysis. The study allows to confirm the presence of chlamydia in the body, as well as to choose the drug, taking into account the sensitivity of pathogenic microflora.
Doctor and patient

To identify chlamydia can only a doctor after a thorough examination

It is important to differentiate chlamydia with other infectious diseases that are transmitted through sexual contact. Often, to clarify the diagnosis requires consultation venereologist.

Treatment for chlamydia in men

There is no single treatment for chlamydia in men. The method of treatment is selected individually based on the clinical manifestations of the disease, the presence of comorbidities, the patient's age.

The therapy of the disease is based primarily on the use of antibacterial agents. In this case, the drugs should be selected strictly taking into account the sensitivity of the pathogenic microflora. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are not very effective against chlamydia.

Couple in love

During therapy, the disease will have to abandon any sexual contact.

For the treatment of the disease, the urologist most often chooses the drug from the group of tetracycline, macrolide or fluoroquinoline drugs. Good results show drugs Zytromaks, Dorix, Claritomycin, Ciprofloxacin, Doxycycline, Azithromycin. The most commonly used drugs are in the form of tablets or solution for intramuscular administration. Additionally, antibacterial ointments can be used for external treatment of the urethra.

In addition to antibiotics in the complex treatment of chlamydia in men, the following groups of drugs are used:

  1. Enzyme preparations. The composition of such drugs include biochemically active substances of animal or vegetable origin. They help to increase the permeability of the cellular membranes of the body. As a result, antibiotics more easily penetrate into the cell and kill chlamydia. In addition, enzyme preparations relieve symptoms of general intoxication of the body, which is especially important in the acute period of the disease. For the treatment of chlamydia in men can be used tools such as Wobenzym, Phlogenzym.
  2. Immune drugs. Stimulation of the body's defenses is an important component of chlamydia therapy. Good immunity allows antibacterial agents to fight infection. The patient may be prescribed such drugs as Cycloferon, Amiksin.
  3. Vitamins. Drugs from this category can enhance the body's immune response to chlamydial invasion. Ascorbic acid may be prescribed to the patient. Glutamic acid also perfectly stimulates the immune system.
  4. Hepatoprotectors. Strengthened drug therapy leads to disruption of the liver. Hepatoprotectors make it possible to reduce the negative impact of infection, as well as drugs on the body. In case of chlamydia, such drugs as Carsil, Legalon, Essentiale Forte may be prescribed to men.
  5. Probiotics. Drugs from this category restore the intestinal microflora, broken as a result of antibiotic therapy. Good results show means Lactobacterin, Linex.
  6. Antiseptics. For the treatment of inflamed area can be used Chlorhexidine, Miramistin solutions. Good results also shows ointment Hexicon. As part of complex therapy can be used anti-inflammatory rectal suppositories.

The course of therapy depends on the clinical picture, but in most cases 14 days of intensive treatment is enough to get rid of the infection. At the end of treatment, the patient is prescribed control tests.

What medicines to treat the disease - gallery

General recommendations

In the acute course of the disease, bed rest is recommended for a man, exercise is contraindicated. Before full recovery it is necessary to exclude sexual contacts.

Proper nutrition

Proper diet will help speed recovery.

Pay attention will also have power. Faster to cope with the infection will help a diet rich in vitamins and beneficial microelements. Exclude have alcohol, sweets. Limit the need to consume too spicy and salty foods. We must not forget the drinking mode. The patient needs to drink at least 1.5 liters of pure water per day.

Recipes of traditional medicine

Cope with the disease through traditional medicine alone will not succeed. Self-treatment hi to aggravate inflammation. But in combination with traditional therapy, traditional medicine recipes can give a good result. Many home remedies help strengthen the body's defenses, cope with the unpleasant symptoms of chlamydia. The use of any prescription should be discussed with your doctor.

Plant sap for immunity

Fresh juices of plants such as ginseng, eleutherococcus, lemongrass help strengthen the body's defenses. The treatment is carried out once a day for a month. The number of drops of fresh juice should match the age of the patient.

Tincture of calendula

The remedy can be used for antiseptic treatment of inflamed areas. To prepare the tincture, you need 50 g of crushed calendula flowers pour 500 ml of 70% ethyl alcohol. The tool must be left in a dark cool place for 14 days. Annual tincture should be filtered. Treat damaged areas twice a day.

Medical fee

The following ingredients are required to prepare the product:

  • 1 tsp dill fruit;
  • 2 tsp of crushed chamomile flowers;
  • 2 tsp of calamus root;
  • 2 tsp of cyanosis root;
  • 2 teaspoons of hop cones.

All components must be thoroughly mixed, grind in a meat grinder. 100 g of raw materials need to pour half a liter of boiling water and insist in a thermos for 12 hours. The finished medication should be drained and taken in a third cup three times a day during antibacterial therapy.

Flowering Parsley Stalks

Faster chlamydia to help the healing broth. About 2 tbsp. spoons of flowering stems of parsley must be boiled in half a liter of water for 5 minutes. Then the finished product must cover and insist another 20 minutes. The drug should be filtered and drunk throughout the day. Parsley stimulates the body's defenses, normalizes the intestinal microflora.

Recipes of traditional medicine - gallery

Treatment prognosis and possible complications

With timely treatment for medical care, the treatment prognosis is favorable. Adequately selected therapy allows you to overcome the infection in 2-3 weeks. But the refusal of treatment is fraught with serious complications. In men, chlamydia is the most common cause of prostatitis and subsequent infertility. In addition, the patient may experience the following pathologies:

  • inflammation of the testes and their membranes;
  • polyarthritis;
  • cystitis;
  • pyelonephritis;
  • impotence.

Not only the disease itself, but also drug therapy can have unpleasant consequences. On the background of long-term antibiotics, the patient may experience liver problems or dysbacteriosis.

Couple on the beach

Having a permanent sexual partner is the main measure of chlamydia prevention

Chlamydia is an infection that can be avoided by following simple preventive measures. This should include:

  • the presence of a permanent sexual partner;
  • use of barrier contraception for casual sex;
  • regular screening for sexually transmitted infections;

If chlamydia is detected in one of the partners, both should be treated, otherwise in the future you will again have to face unpleasant symptoms.

Chlamydia is one of the most common diseases that can be encountered during unprotected sexual intercourse with an unfamiliar partner. Problems can be avoided if you follow simple precautions and regularly visit the urologist for a routine examination.

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