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Helicobacter pylori: symptoms and treatment, diet, prevention

The history of the discovery of this bacterium stretched for centuries. They studied it for a long time, did not recognize it, and finally figured out what role Helicobacter pylori can play in the development of diseases of the digestive system. We learn what this microorganism is and how to get rid of it.

Content

Helicobacter pylori - what is it?

Helicobacter pylori (Helicobacter pylori) is a small, spiral-shaped bacterium that can inhabit the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum.

The uniqueness of the microorganism is that before it was believed that no bacterium could survive in the stomach because of the aggressive action of hydrochloric acid. To prove the involvement of the bacterium in the development of pathology, the doctor-scientist B. Marshall had to consciously infect Helicobacter pylori, after which he developed gastritis.

Helicobacter pylori

The story ended well, and the doctor not only proved that Helicobacter pylori was involved in the development of diseases of the digestive tract, but also managed to get rid of it and gastritis with a two-week course of antibiotic therapy. For this discovery doctors were awarded the Nobel Prize.

A scheme for the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract has changed. Antibacterial drugs were included in it, with a proven association of gastrointestinal pathology with this bacterium.

This bacterium lives in about half of the world's population and in most cases does not manifest itself. Infection with Helicobacter pylori, most likely, occurs in childhood from other family members or close people. The path of transmission of the contact-household - with kisses, the use of common utensils, etc., as evidenced by infection with one type of Helicobacter pylori of the whole family.

If a person has become infected with it, then it dwells on the lining of the stomach throughout life. To get rid of the microbe, you can only drink a prescribed course of antibiotics.

There are no special measures to identify and treat carriers of Helicobacter pylori, since many do not even know that they have this problem due to the absence of symptoms throughout their lives.

The first signs of helicobacter pylori

The first signs of helicobacter pylori

The first symptoms of the disease may be absent for a long time. The disease develops only with the presence of contributing factors, such as dietary errors, stress, immunity, and others.

Disease is manifested by symptoms of a disorder of the digestive tract: heartburn, bad breath, discomfort after eating, problems with the stool - these are the first signals that something is wrong with the body.

Symptoms of Helicobacter Pylori

Symptoms of Helicobacter Pylori

Symptoms and manifestations of this pathology coincide with signs of gastritis or stomach ulcers. What symptoms make the problem suspect:

  1. Epigastric tenderness before or after eating.
  2. Belching with a characteristic smell of hydrogen sulfide ("rotten eggs").
  3. A feeling of constant nausea, rarely vomiting, which brings relief.
  4. Abdominal distention and gas formation.
  5. Stool impairment: diarrhea or constipation.
  6. Loss of appetite and unmotivated weight loss.

Important! Helicobacter pylori often causes facial symptoms and skin problems. Patients become clients of cosmetologists, not suspecting that the problem lies in a small bacterium and stomach disease.

Before analyzing the symptoms and starting treatment of Helicobacter pylori, the patient is recommended to undergo a diagnostic examination.

Symptoms of Helicobacter Pylori

photo of manifestations on the face, the treatment is not cosmetic!

Types of tests to detect bacteria:

  • A blood test for Helicobacter pylori, which detects antibodies in the blood to the antigens of this bacterium.
  • Determination of the antigens of this bacterium in the patient's feces.
  • Urease respiratory test for Helicobacter pylori. The method is based on the fact that this bacterium can break down urea. The patient is offered to drink a small amount of urea-labeled radioisotopes, and then they detect the decay products by the method of laser spectroscopy in exhaled air.
  • EGD with a biopsy. The most reliable and reliable way, which is not without certain disadvantages. So, biopsy can be taken only from one site, and on the other this bacterium can dwell. Therefore, they try to take a biopsy from different parts of the stomach.

Read more on Helicobacter pylori .

Treatment of helicobacter pylori, antibiotics

antibiotics for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori

Since Helicobacter pylori can not cause the development of diseases, therapy is carried out only in cases of gastritis, ulcers and other pathological processes in the stomach.

Important! Treatment with antibiotics Helicobacter pylori in the absence of gastrointestinal diseases can bring more harm to the body. Therefore, in the absence of evidence, the presence of bacteria is considered normal and treatment is not carried out.

There are several treatment regimens and the choice is made by the attending doctor, taking into account the sensitivity of the bacteria and the patient's response to the drugs. What drugs may include:

  • Antibiotics. Depending on the treatment option chosen, the patient may be prescribed two, three, less often one antibiotic (Azithromycin, Amoxicillin, etc.).
  • Antisecretory drugs (famotidine, omeprazole, etc.).
  • Bismuth based products.

Control over the destruction of bacteria spend 3-5 weeks after the treatment. Diagnostics is carried out in various ways and, if necessary, the treatment is changed and repeated until complete eradication (destruction) of the pathogen.

Treatment of Helicobacter pylori folk remedies

Traditional therapy can be used in complex treatment. Folk drugs are not able to destroy the bacterium, but they can relieve painful symptoms and improve reparative processes and help restore the mucous membrane.

The most effective folk remedies are:

  • Broths of healing herbs with a calming and antiseptic effect (chamomile, St. John's wort, sweet flag, cranberry leaves).
  • Oil and flax seeds with enveloping properties.
  • Tinctures of pear flowers and wild rose.

Before using folk remedies, you should consult with your doctor in order not to harm the body. Popular treatment is used only as a supplement to traditional drug therapy.

Therapeutic diet

An important role in the normalization of the digestive system is played by the observance of the principles of a rational diet:

  1. Frequent fractional meals, in small portions.
  2. Refusal of fried, spicy and spicy food.
  3. Drinking mode.
  4. Elimination of alcohol and low alcohol beverages.
  5. Refusal from marinades, pickles, soda and other "harmful" food.

At first glance, such a diet may seem a torment for gourmets, but taking care of your health and the right approach to cooking will allow the patient to enjoy the food without harm to the stomach.

Here is an example of a menu for one day of such a diet:

  • Breakfast: oatmeal, cheese curds and fruit compote.
  • Lunch: chamomile tea and cottage cheese soufflé.
  • Lunch: chicken soup, steam fishcake with vegetables.
  • Second snack: jelly and baked apples.
  • Dinner: steamed turkey with boiled potatoes.
  • Late dinner: kefir or rosehip decoction.

The choice of dishes and products depends on the stage of gastritis or ulcers, the presence of exacerbation and other factors.

Prevention

The development of the disease in the presence of Helicobacter pylori depends on the diet and lifestyle of a particular person. If the infection has happened - the person should take care of himself, then the bacteria will not cause harm.

Helicobacter pylori is ubiquitous. For the diagnosis and treatment using modern methods and drugs. It is recommended to carry out such therapy only in cases of proven connection of the development of gastrointestinal disease with this bacterium.

Interesting
Alex Rogers
2017-03-17 05:05:54
Treating Helicobacter pylori is almost useless. Because With the general infection of the entire population of this bacterium, it is a matter of time to be infected with it again. Support the gastrointestinal tract can be the principles of PP. To exclude fried, sweet, salty spicy, pickled, flour. From the preference to drink - pure water. Do not overeat, and do not eat after 18.00
mih
2017-03-31 13:07:33
judging by the articles posted on the network: 1. Helicobacter vaccines did not produce results (and were canceled). 2. treatment with antibiotics has a toxic effect (and if infection can occur 2-3-4 times in a row, treatment with antibiotics will damage the liver and pancreas in the third course of treatment). I suspect that bacteriophage will be the best and only cure for Helicobacter. for the same articles on the Internet, bacteriophage against Helicobacter seems to be developed, but on the farm. market it yet. Helicobacter behaves as a carcinogen - weakens immunity against all other infections and all sorts of chronic phenomena. the appearance of a bacteriophage against Helicobacter would be comparable in importance to the invention of the wheel.
Ivan Murashko
2017-10-17 05:37:37
Not eating after 6:00 pm is a common misconception.

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