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Symptoms of foot fungus, how fungus manifests itself - methods of treatment, photo

The most common dermatological problem is foot mycosis or fungus.

Foot fungus is an infectious disease of the feet and interdigital spaces, the development of which is caused by conditionally pathogenic fungi. The pathogens are present on the skin of each person in a small amount, but under the influence of predisposing factors, fungi begin to multiply actively, causing skin lesions.

Most often, the disease is diagnosed in older people and people with chronic diseases. The following states can cause the activation, growth, and reproduction of fungi:

  • Diabetes mellitus ;
  • Antibiotic therapy;
  • Weak immunity and frequent infections;
  • Violation of the integrity of the skin on the feet;
  • Circulatory disorders.

Who is most at risk to get a fungus?

Favorable conditions for the reproduction of the fungus of the feet is a warm, humid environment, so the development of the disease is most often affected by people who have to be in rubber boots, boots, and sneakers for a long time. For example, the military, athletes, workers, meat or fish shop.

The fungus is easily transmitted from the patient to a healthy person, you can get infected when you try on someone else's shoes, visiting the sauna, swimming pools, sports sections with a common shower.

Content

What does a foot fungus look like?

It looks like a foot fungus, photo

It looks like a foot fungus, photo

The appearance of the skin of the feet affected by mycosis depends on the type of pathogen:

Squamous form - there is peeling of the skin in the arch of the heels and interdigital spaces, other symptoms and any modifications of the skin of the feet are absent.

Hyperkeratotic - the fungus-affected areas of the skin of the feet are infiltrated and sealed, the skin pattern is enhanced, peeling of the skin is observed in the area of ​​the folds and between the fingers.

Intertriginous - in the area of ​​skin folds and painful cracks appear between the fingers, from which oozing fluid. The patient complains of severe itching and discomfort during any movement with his feet.

Dyshidrotic - scaly areas of the feet become covered with bubbles filled with liquid, which, when combed, burst and cause pain, itching and discomfort to the patient. Against the background of the penetration of bacterial infections into wounds, fever and general malaise are possible.

How does foot fungus manifest? - first signs

Signs of Foot Fungus

The first clinical signs of foot fungus are:

  • Peeling of the skin between the fingers;
  • Itching;
  • Redness of interdigital areas.

Against the background of constant itching, the patient becomes irritable and nervous, disturbed night's sleep.

Symptoms and treatment of foot fungus, photo

Photo of foot fungus symptoms

Photo of foot fungus symptoms

The following symptoms of a foot fungus should become an alert and become a reason for going to a dermatologist:

  1. Feeling of discomfort in the legs when wearing familiar shoes;
  2. Increased perspiration of the legs;
  3. Changes in the skin pattern in the absence of severe clinical symptoms;
  4. The appearance of an unpleasant smell from the legs, especially in the area of ​​interdigital spaces.
  5. When the pathological process spreads to the nail plate, yellowing or modification of the nail is observed.

Treatment of foot fungus should begin with the diagnosis of the disease and the determination of the infectious agent. An effective method for diagnosing a variety of a fungus is scraping from the site of the lesion and culture study of skin scales.

Symptoms and treatment of foot fungus, photo

Symptoms and treatment of foot fungus, photo

The most modern and informative diagnostic method is PCR analysis of skin scraping - this study allows you to accurately determine the DNA of the infectious agent and, accordingly, prescribe the correct treatment.

Mycoses, flowing in mild form, can be treated with the help of local preparations, for example, ointments, creams, disinfecting solutions for the preparation of baths.

Ointment from the fungus of the foot helps not only to cope with the pathogen, but also to remove the itching of the skin, soften it somewhat and eliminate the unpleasant smell. If there are complications in the form of fungal lesions of other areas of the skin and internal organs, the patient is shown a complex treatment combining oral preparations and means for external use.

When detecting a fungus of the feet and nails to the patient, in addition to creams and ointments, a special transparent nail polish with an anti-mycotic effect is selected. The success of the treatment depends not only on the drugs, but also on the actions of the patient himself, recovery will come sooner if the patient follows the simple rules:

  • Strictly follow the rules of personal hygiene - wash feet with soap twice a day, put on clean socks or stockings;
  • Wear shoes that allow the skin to stop breathing (leather or with mesh-like openings);
  • Wear shoes strictly in size, which will not disrupt the blood circulation process;
  • Do not allow long-term stay in wet shoes, for example, with sweaty feet or after being hit by rain;
  • After each hygienic procedure, dry the skin of the feet and especially the interdigital spaces thoroughly;
  • Do not wear or try on someone else's shoes;
  • Periodically spray your shoes with antifungal effect.

In order not to infect other people, the patient is not recommended to visit the sports section, pool, sauna, as well as use individual washcloths and towels.

How to get rid of foot fungus at home?

How to get rid of foot fungus at home A first-time mycosis is best treated by a doctor, since only a specialist, based on the results of the study, will select for you an effective remedy for foot fungus.

In parallel with the drugs prescribed by the doctor, you can use the recipes of traditional medicine. You can get rid of foot fungus at home with the help of effective recipes:

  • At 1 liter of warm boiled water, add 1 tablespoon of vinegar and hold your feet in this solution for 15 minutes. After the end of the procedure, rinse the feet with cool water, wipe thoroughly and apply ointment;
  • Smears affected by mycosis of the feet daily grease with lemon juice. Leave to dry completely, then rinse with water and apply the ointment prescribed by the doctor;
  • Trays from the broth of the herb celandine.

How to treat foot fungus for children?

Foot mycosis in children is less common than in adults and occurs most often without complications. For the treatment of the disease mainly use drugs of local action - ointments, gels, creams, antibacterial solutions for foot baths.

To prevent the recurrence of mycosis will help thorough foot hygiene, regular cutting of nails and the general strengthening of immunity.

Prevention of foot fungus

Prevention of foot fungus

Prevention of mycosis of the feet is:

  • Choosing and wearing quality shoes from natural materials, suitable size;
  • Timely treatment of microscopic damage to the skin of the feet, for example, cracks on the heels;
  • Prevention of ingrown nails;
  • Wearing cotton socks;
  • Daily foot hygiene (always with baby soap at night).

It is possible to prevent infection with mycosis in public places with high humidity by wearing easily washable shoes (it is also better to take a shower in rubber slippers).

Interesting
Inga
2017-03-25 08:02:27
Better not even baby soap, and tar or economic. Let the smell is not a fountain, but more effective. And yet, my personal discovery - after the sauna, etc. You can sprinkle myfoot on the foot. The bottle is inexpensive and long enough, the whole family can be used. It's a shame only that you only get mad after you face this misfortune.

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