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Bitterness in mouth: causes and treatment of bitter taste, symptoms, complications

The bitter taste in the mouth is confronted by many, especially those who have any chronic illnesses. This symptom in most cases accompanies the pathology of the gallbladder, liver or biliary tract, as well as problems with other parts of the digestive system.

A change in taste is not always associated with diseases, for example, a short bitter aftertaste can be triggered by taking spicy or spicy foods, certain medications. What causes bitterness in the mouth and what to do? - read on.

Content

Causes of bitterness in the mouth

Bitterness in the mouth: causes and treatment

The bitter taste is a classic symptom of bile entering the esophagus. Therefore, the first cause of bitterness in the mouth is a disease of the gallbladder, ducts or liver.

To identify the exact factor, a complete examination of the gastrointestinal tract is carried out. Three common pathologies leading to a bitter feeling in the mouth are:

  1. Cholecystitis - with inflammation of the gallbladder, in addition to the bitter taste, there is pain on the right side under the ribs, yellowish skin, high fever, constipation or diarrhea.
  2. Pathology of the liver - any disruption in the work of this organ can provoke a failure in the production of bile. However, there may be no other clearly pronounced symptoms.
  3. Diseases of the biliary tract - in this case, bitterness in the mouth is one of the most prominent symptoms. With stones in the gall bladder, problems with motility of the ducts, there is stagnation of bile and its periodic sharp release and penetration into the esophagus and oral cavity.

The same causes of bitterness can be as other disorders of the digestive processes - dyspepsia, diarrhea, indigestion, and others, and food poisoning.

Bitterness and dry mouth

If there is dehydration, for example, due to diarrhea or fever, then a feeling of dry mouth joins bitterness.

The complex of these symptoms occurs with infections of the respiratory tract, vomiting, stressful conditions, burns of the tongue and bites, after dental interventions, with polyps in the nose and inflamed gums in heavy smokers.

Bitterness and dry mouth occur with cholecystitis, as inflammation of the gallbladder is often accompanied by diarrhea and fever.

The feeling of dryness is also present when dehydration due to diarrhea and vomiting in food poisoning, intestinal infections. Treatment in this case should be prompt.

Bitterness in the mouth as a symptom of the disease

Bitterness in the mouth as a symptom of the disease

In diseases of the liver and gallbladder, bitterness in the mouth and plaque on the tongue can occur at the same time - from yellowish to light green. The mucous membrane of the esophagus and oral cavity is irritated, the skin and the whites of the eyes may become jaundiced.

Bad breath, regular belching and stomach cramps are felt during reflux (reverse flow of intestinal contents and stomach into the esophagus). If bitterness is accompanied by pain after eating, this symptom may indicate a peptic ulcer or gastritis.

In cholelithiasis and cholecystitis, the pain is paroxysmal, in the liver area there is a feeling of distention, weakness and restraint in movements are often felt (unpleasant and painful to turn the body, to bend).

Other symptoms that may accompany bitterness in the mouth:

  • violation of facial expressions of facial nerve dysfunction;
  • bleeding gums;
  • profuse salivation;
  • poor appetite;
  • feverish state;
  • headache and fatigue;
  • violation of smell;
  • vomiting and nausea;
  • tonsillitis;
  • nasal congestion.

In diseases of the liver and gallbladder, bitterness in the mouth is most often observed in the morning, and it can appear for several days or even weeks in a row.

Bitterness in the mouth, not associated with diseases of the digestive system

Bitter mouth

The inflammatory process of the circulatory tissues, gums, impaired innervation of the tongue, stomatitis and other diseases of the oral cavity, as well as poorly selected dentures or crowns can cause a symptom of bitterness in the mouth.

Other factors of a bitter taste not related to gastrointestinal problems:

  • Hormonal disorders - hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism affect the contraction of the muscle fibers of the biliary tract. This leads to their dyskinesia and, as a result, to the appearance of bitterness in the mouth.
  • Acceptance of certain drugs - antihistamines, antibacterial drugs and other drugs that affect the liver. at the same time, along with bitterness, soreness in the right side under the ribs and heartburn often occur.
  • Poisoning by heavy metals - lead, mercury, copper, for example, during employment in industrial production.
  • Long experience of smoking, chronic stress, depressive state.

A bitter taste in the mouth can appear on the background of taking natural medicines - sea buckthorn oil, decoctions of St. John's wort, licorice root, and pine forest uterus.

Causes of bitterness during pregnancy

At times, bitterness in the mouth may occur in a pregnant woman, and in most cases it is not a manifestation of any diseases. This symptom often accompanies early toxicosis - in the first trimester, increased production of progesterone in the body helps to relax the muscles, including the sphincter between the stomach and esophagus.

Because of this, bile and acid penetrates the esophagus and oral cavity, causing not only heartburn, but also a feeling of bitterness. If a bitter taste is observed in late pregnancy, this is due to the pressure of the fetus on the gallbladder and stomach.

Reducing the intensity of bitterness and the frequency of its appearance helps diet - in the diet should not be an excess of fatty, fried foods, you should abandon coffee, spices and acidic foods. Frequent meals in small portions are recommended, do not drink water and other liquids while eating.

Bitterness in the mouth

Bitterness in the mouth To eliminate the persistent bitter taste or bitterness in the mouth after a meal, treatment is prescribed only by a specialist based on the health problems identified. If this symptom does not go away for several days in a row, it is necessary to go to an appointment with a general practitioner who, after the initial examination and evaluation of complaints, will send a further examination to an endocrinologist, a gastroenterologist or another doctor.

It is a mistake to consider the bitter taste as a separate disease - this is just a symptom. Depending on the reason for treating bitterness in the mouth, tablets and other drugs are selected precisely for its elimination.

If it is cholecystitis or liver pathology, then anticholinics, antibiotics (for the prevention of complications), antispasmodic and cholagogue, hepatoprotectors and therapeutic diet may be indicated. With the stagnation of bile, the doctor may prescribe such means as Allohol, Liobil, Holosas.

Effective for relieving inflammation and pain in the liver are Gepabene, Duspatalin. For the dissolution of gallstones are appointed Ursofalk, Henofalk.

An important component of therapy is the purification and further preventive protection of the liver, which is carried out not only in case of inflammatory diseases, but also in cases of poisoning and drug intoxication. Of the hepatoprotectors, the doctor may prescribe Gepagard, Resalut, Essentiale forte H or another drug.

When hormonal disorders are prescribed medications that normalize the work of the endocrine system. If food or chemical poisoning is the cause of bitterness in the mouth, then therapy is aimed at washing the stomach, cleansing the intestines, taking sorbents, antibacterial drugs, and, if necessary, eliminating dehydration.

When the apparent pathological cause of the bitter taste is not determined during the examination, the solution to the problem can be to comply with the following recommendations:

  • to give up smoking;
  • intestinal cleansing with the help of erosteorbents;
  • microflora normalization by probiotics;
  • healthy diet without excess fatty and heavy foods;
  • elimination of stress, normalization of work and rest, exercise.

Possible complications

A bitter taste in the mouth is often a symptom of a disease, and without prompt diagnosis and adequate treatment, complications of bitterness in the mouth can develop:

  • eating habits, loss of appetite;
  • the risk of consuming spoiled food due to the inability to distinguish taste;
  • sharp weight loss, depletion;
  • depressed due to the inability to taste the food.

In addition to the consequences of this symptom, the complications of diseases leading to a bitter taste are much more serious. Therefore, the first action of a person who faced bitter mouth should be a visit to the doctor.

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