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Headache in the nape and neck: causes and methods of treatment

The occurrence of pain in the back of the head - a common phenomenon that can overcome people of different ages. The most unpleasant thing is that such a condition can be a symptom of not only a minor disturbance, but also a serious illness.

Practically 75% of people do not pay proper attention to this symptom and once again take an analgesic eliminating them. Is this approach appropriate?

The body will not send false signals and if the pains are permanent - in any system or organ the pathological process proceeds. Leaving the manifestation without proper treatment, it is possible to provoke the development of severe complications.

It is recommended that you seek help in a timely manner and undergo the necessary research, rather than let the situation drift or self-medicate, which in 99% of cases only eliminates the symptoms.


Causes of pain in the neck and neck, especially in various diseases

Causes of pain in the neck and neck

The main reasons are:

  • malformation of the bite;
  • functional failures of the joints (temporomandibular);
  • excessive strain on the muscle tissue of the neck;
  • stay in a certain position for a long time;
  • neuralgia of the occipital nerve;
  • increased blood pressure;
  • spondylosis;
  • increased intracranial pressure;
  • spasm of the arteries in the brain;
  • osteochondrosis;
  • migraine;
  • spondylitis.

The pains have characteristic features, depending on the pathology that caused them, and can drastically vary.

1. With a broken bite

The pain is dull and protracted. Amplification is observed in the second half of the day and at night. In tandem with occipital pain, there are also such manifestations as dizziness, blurred vision, tinnitus.

An incorrect bite can cause a headache in the back of the head and temples at the same time.

2. With myositis

The emergence of painful symptoms in mosaic is associated with:

  1. with a long stay in one position;
  2. with injuries of varying severity;
  3. with frequent hypothermia of the body.

Discomfort occurs when bending, tilting, and other movements of the head. Pain gives to the area of ​​scapula and collarbone. The main characteristic feature is its asymmetry, when the greatest intensity is expressed on the right or on the left.

3. With hypertension

Increasing the index of blood pressure often causes the development of acute pain.

In this case, the throbbing headache in the nape may be chronic and last for several days, periodically weakening, but not disappearing completely.

4. With spondylosis

Characterized by the formation of the spine, in the cervical region, small solid outgrowths consisting of bone tissue. This phenomenon causes a deterioration in mobility of the cervical vertebrae.

In this condition, there are very frequent and almost incessant pains in the occipital region. In the course of any movements of the head and neck, the sensations become intolerable, because of what the sleep regimen can be disturbed.

5. With myoglaze

The cause is painful seals that form in the muscle tissue of the neck. In addition to pain symptoms, a person is dizzy, "flickering" before his eyes, "traffic jams" in his ears.

6. With a jump in intracranial pressure upward

Discomfort appears not only in the nape, but also in the temples, tops. The pains are "poured", they have a stiffening character. It seems to man that his head is girded with tightly squeezing steel hoops.

A frequent companion of this condition is nausea and a headache in the nape, which becomes aching. There may be vomiting or vomiting of a urge.

7. When you are in a certain position for a long time

Headache in the back of the head Most often, such pains are present in people such professions as drivers, machinists, programmers, office employees. In this case, discomfort appears after several hours of staying in a certain position, intensifying in the afternoon.

For example, drivers have to constantly switch the gearbox, respectively, their right hand is involved in the work process much more often, in it, and the blood flow is much better.

And the left arm practically does not move, which leads to a condition when there is a headache in the occiput on the left side. Painful sensations may be present on the right side, but on the left they are most pronounced.

8. For osteochondrosis

At the heart of the pathology lies the change in the structure, anatomical shape and size of intervertebral discs in the cervical region. The pain appears first in the back of the head, and then in the temples and neck.

Frequent satellites of this state are:

  1. dizziness;
  2. lack of coordination;
  3. double vision in the eyes;
  4. deterioration of vision;
  5. nausea.

With a particularly severe course of cervical osteochondrosis, the patient, with a sharp turn or tilt of the head, may lose orientation and fall, losing for a while the ability to move. At the same time, he will remain conscious.

Often patients with this pathology suffer from protracted migraines, the pain at which they can give to the zone of brow ridges.

9. With spasm of the vessels of the head

When there is a spasm of the arteries, there are severe pain in the nape of the neck. They increase with movement, inclination and physical exertion, and weaken in sitting and lying position.

In the process of suppression of symptoms a person can feel a tingling in the skin of the head.

10. Neuralgia of the occipital nerve

Such pains most often have an inflammatory etiology and are paroxysmal, "shooting." May extend to the zone of the ears, temples, waist, scapula, lower jaw joint.

The process of coughing and sneezing, as well as head movement - all this increases morbidity. In the period between attacks, the pain does not disappear completely, there is a slight discomfort of a pressing character.

If the neuralgia takes a long time, the patient may have an increase in the sensitivity of the skin in the occiput.

When should I see a doctor, and to what?

When to call a doctor

With non-disabling pain in the nape of the neck, you should contact a neurologist or your treating therapist who will indicate a preliminary diagnosis and give a referral to the appropriate specialist. Also it is possible to pass consultation of the neurosurgeon, the traumatologist and vertebrologist.

With pains in the occipital part of the head that develop due to frequent overcoolings, chronic fatigue, severe stress and excessive physical exertion, a cardinal change in diet, daily routine and lifestyle in general is recommended.

If the pains have a different nature of origin or the cause of their development is not obvious, immediately consult a doctor. Also, a competent medical practitioner should be consulted in such cases when the pain is protracted and accompanied by:

  • nausea;
  • vomiting;
  • confusion of consciousness;
  • epileptic seizures;
  • doubling of objects before the eyes;
  • hearing loss;
  • a state of retardation;
  • convulsions;
  • tremor of extremities;
  • discomfort in the chest area,
  • an unpleasant raspirushchim feeling in the area of ​​the face, in particular the paranasal sinuses.

Treatment of headache in the back of the head

Before the appointment of adequate therapy, it is necessary to conduct a number of diagnostic activities - CT, MRI and radiography of the spine.

If it turns out that the occipital pains have arisen because of serious pathologies - for example, due to increased intracranial or blood pressure, the patient will need an urgent appointment of isiotropic treatment.

Treatment of headache in the back of the head

If the pain in the nape does not threaten a person's life, but at the same time the diseases that cause them are constantly progressing, a number of treatment procedures are required:

Cranial osteopathy. It is used mainly for the treatment of osteochondrosis, affecting the cervical vertebrae.

Acupuncture. This procedure involves exposure to individual parts of the skin, which are biologically active.

Used for neuralgia, emotional disturbance, osteochondrosis.

Manual therapy. This procedure is carried out by a doctor of narrow specialization. It perfectly helps to relieve pain in osteochondrosis, myositis, neuralgia.

Electrophoresis, laser or ultrasound therapy, magnetotherapy. These procedures are prescribed for occipital pain caused by vascular pathologies, neuralgia, staying in one posture for a long time, myogelosis.

Physiotherapy exercises. Exercises are developed by a specialist in each individual case.

Their implementation will improve the flow of blood through the vascular beds, relieve tension in the cervical and other parts of the spine. They will also help relax the ligaments and muscles of the neck.

Massage. With the established diagnosis and in combination with other methods of treatment, these procedures will be able to relieve pain in a short time.

However, it is unacceptable to prescribe them if the patient suffers from spondylosis or hypertension.

Remember that even with insignificant pain in the back of the head, you need to seek help from doctors, rather than self-medication, which is fraught with the possible development of serious complications.

So is it worth it to exacerbate the problem with your own hands?


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