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Purulent tonsillitis in child and adult: treatment, antibiotics, photo of symptoms

Purulent tonsillitis is a severe inflammation of the tonsils, characterized by the appearance of yellow-white raids on the hyperemic surface of the islands. They can merge (photo), but not go beyond the lymphoid tissue. The disease is bilateral, but the degree of damage is different. The duration of treatment from three to seven days or more.

Content

Purulent sore throat: what is it?

photo purulent tonsillitis

photo purulent tonsillitis

The peculiarity of purulent lesions of the tonsils is deep changes in the parenchyma, leukocyte infiltrates appear with the formation of tissue necrosis. The accumulation of leukocytes in the lacunae is called lacunar sore throat, in the parenchyma - follicular.

Suppuration sites are well defined by visual examination. They look like white grains or accumulate in the gaps.

Pathogens - cocci, yeast, bacteria - sticks and spirochetes. Children and adolescents are most susceptible to acute tonsillitis. Purulent tonsillitis in adults occurs quite rarely.

Sore throat can be infected by airborne droplets or through common household items. Most often the disease manifests itself in the autumn and spring.

Types of purulent tonsillitis

Experts subdivide purulent tonsillitis into two types:

photo of purulent tonsillitis in adults

photo of purulent tonsillitis in adults

Lacunar angina. This affects the lacunae of the tonsils, but the process does not go beyond them. It is easy to remove purulent plaque, wounds do not bleed after that.

Follicular tonsillitis. A more complex form, affects the follicles of the tonsils, pus is not removed easily, there may be purulent abscesses.

Purulent islands, photo 3

Purulent islands, photo 3

They are banal types of angina, occur after the introduction of a microbe and are determined by the method of pharyngoscopy. Catarrhal form precedes the development of purulent.

Causes of purulent tonsillitis

Causes of purulent tonsillitis are divided into three groups according to the preceding factors:

  1. Episodic - arising on the background of deteriorating weather conditions;
  2. Epidemic - transmitted from the patient;
  3. Exacerbation of chronic inflammation of the tonsils (tonsillitis).

The main cause of the disease is streptococcal infection. However, there are certain factors that can also trigger the development of acute tonsillitis. For example:

  • Weakened immunity;
  • Hypothermia of the whole body in general and throat in particular;
  • Sudden change in ambient temperature;
  • Staying in a smoky room for a long time;
  • Traumatic injury to the tonsils;
  • Diseases of the oral cavity, such as caries or stomatitis;
  • Alcohol abuse.

Purulent tonsillitis often occurs in areas with very polluted air. Therefore, people in cities suffer from angina more often than in rural areas.

Signs of purulent tonsillitis, photo

Signs of purulent tonsillitis

The main symptoms of purulent tonsillitis begin to manifest in a person approximately 5-7 days after infection. It is impossible not to notice them:

  1. Chills, aching joints, headache;
  2. With purulent tonsillitis, the temperature quickly rises and can reach 39-40 degrees;
  3. Sore throat, especially when eating and swallowing saliva;
  4. On examination, you can see enlarged tonsils and a yellow-gray patina on them;
  5. The lymph nodes are enlarged, touching them is painful;
  6. Lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and constipation may occur.

These are the main symptoms of acute tonsillitis, but for each person this disease can occur with any other features.

Purulent tonsillitis in a child - particular symptoms

Purulent tonsillitis in children is always difficult. Treat it immediately. At the first stage, the child has a general weakness, discomfort in the throat, which then turns into strong painful sensations. The temperature rises sharply, runny nose, cough, headache may occur.

In children, purulent tonsillitis occurs with a predominance of general symptoms, an increase in lymph nodes, severe intoxication, vomiting, and seizures.

Such a disease should not be left untreated in a child, otherwise very unpleasant complications can occur in the form of sepsis, impaired heart function, rheumatism, and kidney problems.

To make an accurate diagnosis, doctors use the following methods:

  • Patient survey;
  • Visual inspection of the patient's mouth, temperature measurement;
  • If necessary, the specialist may prescribe some tests. For example, to establish a more accurate cause of the disease (swab throat).

Treatment of purulent tonsillitis in children and adults

Treatment of purulent tonsillitis in children and adults

If symptoms of purulent tonsillitis occur in a child, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Leaving the disease without attention in any case can not be adults, not children.

Treatment of purulent tonsillitis at home is possible and includes a set of specific measures:

  1. Bed rest will help the body to quickly deal with the disease. Food is better to grind, so as not to irritate the sore throat.
  2. Plentiful warm drink, especially at a temperature.
  3. Antibiotics should be taken for purulent tonsillitis. This will help to quickly cope with pathogens (must appoint a doctor!).
  4. At home, you can use special antibacterial drugs for irrigation of the throat and patients with tonsils.
  5. It is necessary to gargle with purulent tonsillitis. For these purposes, decoctions of herbs, soda solution or salt are used. All this should be warm, but not hot. Rinse very well help to clean the mouth from purulent plaque and have disinfectant properties.
  6. Do not forget drugs to reduce body temperature (paracetamol, ibuprofen).
  7. When taking antibiotics, the intestinal function is disturbed, therefore, they take drugs that restore the intestinal flora.
  8. Be sure to use in the treatment of vitamin complexes and means that strengthen the immune system.

If home treatment does not give the necessary results, especially in children, hospitalization is possible.

Complications

If you treat the disease frivolously and not treat it by all the rules, then this can lead to the development of complications.

These consequences include:

  1. Diseases of the ears and nasal sinuses, breathing problems;
  2. Meningitis;
  3. Diseases of the joints and bones;
  4. Blood poisoning;
  5. Disorders of the heart;
  6. Kidney problems.

It must be remembered that any complication after purulent tonsillitis results from poor-quality treatment. Therefore, it is imperative to comply with all appointments of doctors

Purulent tonsillitis and pregnancy

During pregnancy, the immunity of women is slightly weakened, so she is quite easily susceptible to various diseases. Sore throat is no exception. This disease is dangerous for both the child and the mother. Especially a sharp increase in temperature.

For treatment, special preparations are used that do not harm the woman and baby. However, the whole process should take place under the supervision of specialists, in order to avoid side effects.

Preventive measures

To avoid purulent tonsillitis, you need to carry out bracing measures: spend more time in the fresh air, temper, avoid hypothermia.

Compliance with the drinking regimen (drinking at least 2 liters of water daily) will help cleanse the body, giving up bad habits will allow you to sufficiently strengthen your immune system so as not to get angina in the cold season. Contact with the sick should be avoided.

Purulent tonsillitis is a common, severe disease, but treatable with compliance with all recommendations of specialists.

Interesting
Daria
2016-11-18 12:46:19
If you choose which antibiotic to buy, then I advise Azitral. There are several reasons, it helps quickly, is inexpensive, does not harm the stomach. I judge by my test. He became seriously ill with the flu, had a high fever, vomiting, then got a complication - a sore throat began. They called a doctor. He wrote Azitral. Doubt whether to give a test, because he has a weak stomach. The father-in-law drank 1 capsule a day 2 hours after lunch. On the third day, the sore throat retreated. Father in law feels fine. Azitral recommend.
Nellie
2016-12-20 17:10:09
Daria, I agree with you about this antibiotic. I never had a sore throat, and then the flu, and with it a sore throat. So strong that she could not even swallow. The doctor prescribed Azitral. Took 1 capsule per day. Relief felt on day 3. A friend advised to drink yoghurts so that the stomach recovered from antibiotics. But my stomach was all right. Therefore, if anyone needs to take antibiotics, then this is a good option.
Oksana
2016-12-22 08:51:07
Nelly, Daria, agrees with you. I want to talk about their attitude to modern antibiotics. I thought that they did not always help and had a bad effect on the stomach. It turned out the opposite. She was sick with the flu, also caught a sore throat. The doctor prescribed Azitral. Mom bought me a big pack of 6 capsules. An inexpensive antibiotic, by the way. Began to take 2 capsules per day 2 hours after meals. After 3 three days I began to feel healthy. The stomach was not ill. In general, Azitral helps, I recommend.

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